Sculpting Simulacra in Medieval Germany, 1250-1380
Engaging with the imaginative, nonreligious response to Gothic sculpture in German-speaking lands and tracing high and late medieval notions of the ’living statue’ and the simulacrum in religious, lay, and travel literature, this study explores the subjective and intuitive potential inherent in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century sculpture. It addresses a range of works, from the oeuvre of the so-called Naumburg Master through Freiburg-im-Breisgau to the imperial art of Vienna and Prague. As living simulacra, the sculptures offer themselves to the imaginative horizons of their viewers as factual presences that substitute for the real. In perceiving Gothic sculpture as a conscious alternative to the sacred imago, the book offers a new understanding of the function, production, and use of three-dimensional images in late medieval Germany. By blurring the boundaries between viewers and works of art, between the imaginary and the real, the sculptures invite the speculations of their viewers and in this way produce an unstable meaning, perpetually mutable and alive. The book constitutes the first art-historical attempt to theorize the idiosyncratic character of German Gothic sculpture - much of which has never been fully documented - and provides the first English-language survey of the historiography of these works.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: medieval symulachra; Casting the heroes: from Naumburg to Disney; Lost in symulachra: the appearance of the king in 14th-century Germany; Moving violence: the simulacral body of martyrs; Voyeuristic stimuli: seeing through the schreinmadonna; Conclusions; Bibliography; Index.
Assaf Pinkus, Associate Professor and Chair of the Art History Department at Tel Aviv University, works on production, patronage, spectatorship, and response in later medieval German sculpture and trecento painting.
"Pinkus uses pertinent examples throughout to argue his case for a multiplicity of meaning in these Gothic sculptures" – Judith Collard, Otago University