1st Edition

Second Nature Urban Agriculture Designing Productive Cities

By André Viljoen, Katrin Bohn Copyright 2014
    312 Pages
    by Routledge

    312 Pages
    by Routledge

    Winner of the 2015 RIBA President's Award for Outstanding University Located Research

    This book is the long awaited sequel to "Continuous Productive Urban Landscapes: Designing Urban Agriculture for Sustainable Cities".

    "Second Nature Urban Agriculture" updates and extends the authors' concept for introducing productive urban landscapes, including urban agriculture, into cities as essential elements of sustainable urban infrastructure. It reviews recent research and projects on the subject and presents concrete actions aimed at making urban agriculture happen.

    As pioneering thinkers in this area, the authors bring a unique overview to contemporary developments and have the experience to judge opportunities and challenges facing those who wish to create more equitable, resilient, desirable and beautiful cities.

    Foreword William McDonough Preface Bohn&Viljoen Part 1: CPUL CITY Theory An introduction Bohn&Viljoen 1. 1 Urban Agriculture on the map Growth and challenges since 2005. The CPUL City concept Bohn&Viljoen The new urban foodscape Kevin Morgan Urban Agriculture as ordinary urban practice Joe Nasr, June Komisar and Mark Gorgolewski 1.2 Utilitarian Dreams Food growing in urban landscapes. Productive life in the city Bohn&Viljoen The city in the fabric of eco-social interdependence Yrjö Haila Sueños Utilitarios Yuneikys Villalonga 1.3 Environmental impact and Urban Agriculture Diversity. Water, soil and air Bohn&Viljoen Economies of scale Gillean Denny Bricks and Nectar Mikey Tomkins 1.4 Green Theory in practice and urban design Germany. The United Kingdom Bohn&Viljoen Agential exchanges Nishat Awan Shrinking cities and productive urban landscapes Philipp Oswalt 1.5 Laboratories for Urban Agriculture: The USA New York City. Detroit Bohn&Viljoen Policies to support Urban Agriculture Nevin Cohen Community gardening in Berlin and New York Elisabeth Meyer-Renschhausen Part 2 CPUL CITY Actions An introduction Bohn&Viljoen 2.1 Action IUC: The Inventory of Urban Capacity Laboratory for Urban Agriculture. The Urban Agriculture Curtain. London Thames Gateway Bohn&Viljoen Recording the unrecorded Marit Rosol 2.2 Action U+D: Bottom-Up and Top-Down The Urban Farming Project. Spiel/Feld Marzahn Bohn&Viljoen And every city deserves a Sweet Water and a Growing Power! James Godsil Urbaniahoeve Debra Solomon and Mariska van den Berg 2.3 Action Vis: Visualising Consequences Urban Nature Shoreditch. The Continuous Picnic. Urbane Agrikultur in Köln-Ehrenfeld Bohn&Viljoen Initials CPUL Sabine Voggenreiter 2.4 Action R: Researching for Change Unlocking Spaces. The Edible Campus. Growing Balconies Bohn&Viljoen The devil is in the detail Howard Lee, Stefan Jordan and Victor Coleman Alternative food networks as drivers of a food transition Gianluca Brunori and Francesco Di Iacovo The moment before action Bohn&Viljoen Part 3 CPUL Repository An introduction Bohn&Viljoen 3.1 What has happened since CPUL 2005? Ken Elkes, Richard Wiltshire, David Crouch, Jorge Peña Diaz and Graeme Sherriff 3.2 The CPUL Repository


    Katrin Bohn is an architect and guest professor at the Technical University of Berlin. For the past 12 years, she has also taught architecture and urban design, mainly as a senior lecturer at the University of Brighton. Together with André Viljoen, she runs Bohn&Viljoen Architects, a small architectural practice and environmental consultancy based in London. Bohn&Viljoen have taught, lectured, published and exhibited widely on the design concept of CPUL City (Continuous Productive Urban Landscape) which they contributed to the international urban design discourse in 2004. Katrin's projects on productive urban landscapes include feasibility and design studies as well as food growing installations and public events, mainly for UK and German clients.

    André Viljoen is an architect and principal lecturer / academic program leader in architecture at the University of Brighton, as well as, with Katrin Bohn, contributing to the work of Bohn&Viljoen Architects. The publication, in 2005, of Bohn&Viljoen’s book CPULs Continuous Productive Urban Landscapes: Designing urban agriculture for sustainable cities consolidated a body of research underpinning the case for urban agriculture as an essential element of sustainable urban infrastructure. This book and the associated design concept had a significant international impact, resulting in invitations to consult, exhibit and lecture widely. In 2012, André jointly edited the book Sustainable Food Planning: evolving theory and practice. This collection was the first of its kind to bring the disciplines of planning, design, public health and governance into dialogue to address the global challenge of food security.

    "Second Nature Urban Agriculture is pretty extraordinary. If we are to create built environments which are ‘locked in’ to the radically low carbon future we need to be creating, we really can’t afford to build any new developments that don’t include urban agriculture. It needs to be everywhere, and clearly at the moment that isn’t happening fast enough. Viljoen and Bohn tackle this from a range of angles, and there is something here to inspire those anywhere along a spectrum from, at one end, wondering how to grow food where they live in a city, to, at the other, planners and designers wanting to undertake ambitious scale projects. Hard to recommend it highly enough." - Rob Hopkins,  Founder of Transition Network and Transition Towns

    "With "Second Nature Urban Agriculture" André Viljoen und Katrin Bohn achieved 10 years after "Continuous Productive Urban Landscape (CPUL)" a second milestone in the urban planning discourse around urban agriculture.

    "Second Nature" describes the developments since CPUL (2005) and offers planners and designers - next to the continuation of the urban design ideas from 2005 - actual proposals aiding the planning process for urban agriculture.

    What is noticeable in "Second Nature" is an understanding of CPUL as process. There is an urban design proposal showing how productive urban landscapes could look, but part of this proposal is also the design of those processes needed to anchor urban agriculture in the city. Bohn and Viljoen do not only visualise their ideas, they also illustrate graphically clear the processes they analysed."Philipp Stierand (2014) at: Speiseräume: stadt/ernährung (blog)