Second-order Nonlinear Optical Characterization Techniques : An Introduction book cover
1st Edition

Second-order Nonlinear Optical Characterization Techniques
An Introduction

ISBN 9781138118263
Published June 14, 2017 by CRC Press
192 Pages 73 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Although chemists, biochemists, biologists, and material scientists are often interested in using nonlinear optical techniques for characterizing their samples, they seldom have the necessary background to exploit these methods. Designed for nonspecialists, Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Characterization Techniques: An Introduction focuses on the potential of second-order nonlinear optics as a powerful characterization tool. Avoiding extensive mathematical details, this multidisciplinary book does not require a background in advanced mathematics or physics.

After introducing linear optics from the perspective of polarizability and linear susceptibility, the authors cover incoherent second-harmonic generation. They then deal with the study of surfaces and interfaces, exploiting the intrinsic surface sensitivity of second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency generation. The final chapter discusses second-order imaging techniques, including confocal microscopy and two-photon excited fluorescence microscopy.

Accessible to a wide range of scientists, this concise book stresses the reliability of nonlinear optical processes for probing surfaces and interfaces. Drawing on the insight offered in the text, scientists from many disciplines can now clearly understand and use second-order nonlinear optical methods.

Table of Contents

General Aspects of Second-Order Nonlinear Optics

Linear optical phenomena

Nonlinear optical phenomena

Examples of nonlinear optical phenomena

Symmetries in second-order nonlinear optics

Second-order polarizabilities and susceptibilities

Beyond the electric-dipole approximation

Determination of Molecular Symmetry with Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering

Hyper-Rayleigh scattering: general principles

Experimental techniques and equipment

Determination of molecular symmetries

Switching the first hyperpolarizability at the molecular level

Probing aggregation and supramolecular structure in solution

Characterization of Interfaces, Surfaces, and Thin Films

Second-harmonic generation and sum-frequency generation from surfaces: general principles

Experimental techniques and equipment

Probing the symmetry of interfaces, surfaces, and thin films

Molecular orientation at surfaces

Surface adsorption and surface reactions

Characterization of Surface Chirality by Second-Harmonic Generation and Sum-Frequency Generation

Chirality and second-order nonlinear optics: general principles

Experimental procedures

Second-harmonic generation in nanostructures

Applications to biological systems

Molecular origin

Relation with the Faraday effect

Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Imaging Techniques

General principles

Experimental techniques and equipment




References appear at the end of each chapter.

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