678 Pages
    by Routledge

    678 Pages
    by Routledge

    The second edition of Secret Intelligence: A Reader brings together key essays from the field of intelligence studies, blending classic works on concepts and approaches with more recent essays dealing with current issues and ongoing debates about the future of intelligence.

    Secret intelligence has never enjoyed a higher profile. The events of 9/11, the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the missing WMD controversy, public debates over prisoner interrogation, together with the revelations of figures such as Edward Snowden, recent cyber attacks and the rise of 'hybrid warfare' have all contributed to make this a ‘hot’ subject over the past two decades.

    Aiming to be more comprehensive than existing books, and to achieve truly international coverage of the field, this book provides key readings and supporting material for students and course convenors. It is divided into four main sections, each of which includes full summaries of each article, further reading suggestions and student questions:

    •   The intelligence cycle

    •   Intelligence, counter-terrorism and security

    •   Ethics, accountability and secrecy

    •   Intelligence and the new warfare

    This new edition contains essays by leading scholars in the field and will be essential reading for students of intelligence studies, strategic studies, international security and political science in general, and of interest to anyone wishing to understand the current relationship between intelligence and policy-making.



    Introduction: What is intelligence?

    1. Wanted: A definition of ‘intelligence’ Michael Warner

    2. Ideas of intelligence: Divergent national concepts and institutions Philip Davies

    Part 1: The Intelligence Cycle


    The collection of intelligence

    3. Observations on Successful Espionage Joseph Wippl

    4. All glory is fleeting: SIGINT and the fight against international terrorism Matthew Aid

    5. Introducing Social Media Intelligence Sir David Omand, James Bartlett and Carl Miller

    6. The Increasing Value of Open Source Stevyn Gibson

    The analysis of intelligence

    7. Surprise despite warning: Why sudden attacks succeed R.K. Betts

    8. Is Politicization Ever a Good Thing? Joshua Rovner

    Intelligence at the top: Producer-consumer linkage

    9. American Presidents and their intelligence communities C.M Andrew

    10. Squaring the circle: Dealing with intelligence-policy breakdowns K.L. Gardiner

    Liaison: International Intelligence co-operation

    11. International intelligence co-operation: An inside perspective Stephen Lander

    12. ‘Foreign Intelligence Liaison: Devils, Deals, and Details’ Jennifer Sims

    Part 2: Intelligence, Counter-Terrorism and Security


    Intelligence and 9/11

      13. The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks: A Failure of Policy Not Strategic Intelligence Analysis Stephen Marrin

      14. Deja Vu? Comparing Pearl Harbor and September 11 James J. Wirtz

      Intelligence and WMD

      15. Reports, politics, and intelligence failures: The case of Iraq Robert Jervis

      16. British Intelligence Failures and Iraq John Morrison

      Security intelligence and counter-terrorism

      17. Intelligence and strategy in the war on Islamist terrorism John R. Schindler

      18. Intelligence in Northern Ireland B. Bamford


      19. Counterintelligence: The broken triad Frederick L. Wettering

      20. Delayed Disclosure: National Security, Whistle-Blowers and the Nature of Secrecy Richard J. Aldrich and Christopher Moran

      Part 3: Ethics, Accountability and Control


      The problems of oversight and accountability

      21. The British experience with intelligence accountability Mark Phythian

      22. The role of news media in intelligence oversight Claudia Hillebrand

      The problem of surveillance and civil liberties

      23. High policing in the security control society James Sheptycki

      24. Needles in Haystacks: Law, Capability, Ethics, and Proportionality in Big Data Intelligence-Gathering Julian Richards

      Intelligence and ethics

      25. Ethics and intelligence after September 2001 Michael Herman

      26. 'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering Toni Erskine

      Torture and assassination

      27. Can the torture of terrorist suspects be justified? Maureen Ramsay

      28. Torture — The Case for Dirty Harry and against Alan Dershowitz Uwe Steinhoff

      Part 4: Intelligence and the New Warfare


      Covert action

      29. Covert action and the Pentagon Jennifer D Kibbe

      30. Secret Intelligence, Covert Action and Clandestine Diplomacy Len Scott

      Intelligence, deception and military operations

      31. Netcentric warfare, C4ISR and information operations John Ferris

      32. The New Frontier: Cyberespionage and Cyberwar Lewis Herrington

      Intelligence, counter-insurgency and peacekeeping

      33. Intelligence and Counter-insurgency Rory Cormac

      34. Intelligence and UN peacekeeping Hugh Smith

      Reform and New Directions

      35. Intelligence and the Global South; China, Africa and South America Zakia Shiraz and John Kasuku

      36. Learning to live with intelligence Wesley K. Wark


      Christopher Andrew is Emeritus Professor of Modern and Contemporary History and former Chair of the Faculty of History at Cambridge University.

      Richard J. Aldrich is Professor of International Security at the University of Warwick, and a former Director of the Institute of Advanced Study. He is Leverhulme Major Research Fellow and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.

      Wesley K. Wark is an Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of Toronto, a Fellow of Trinity College and an Associate of the Munk Centre for International Studies. He is also a Visiting Research Professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa.

      Praise for the First Edition:

      'This title fills a gap in the national security intelligence literature and is therefore a welcome addition to the bookshelves of scholars and practioners.' -- Hank Prunckun, Journal of the Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers, Vol. 19, 2, 2011