Borders are both a door and a bridge. Because they are operating at a critical juncture between security expectations and intense cross-border exchanges, they appear to be Janus-faced. To some, they are demarcating lines that call for extensive protection and a regime of strict closure. To others, they are a gateway to transnational opportunities and their opening should be carefully but liberally managed. The very same paradox affects the regions located alongside borders, that is the borderlands or frontier zones. Borderlands can be simultaneously depicted as epitomizing the growth of mutually beneficial transnational ties and as offering a privileged but bleak glimpse into the importation of international threats into domestic politics. Partly due to the discrepancy between their premises, borderlands studies and security studies have virtually no dialogue. Security studies remain focused on the discriminatory function of the border while borderlands studies document the social dynamics of cross border societies.
Against this backdrop, the ambition and originality of Securitized Borderlands lie in its aim to theoretically and empirically fill the gap between security studies—that remain focused on the discriminatory function of the border, and borderlands studies—that document the social dynamics of cross border societies.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Borderlands Studies.
Introduction: Securitized Borderlands
Martin Deleixhe, Magdalena Dembińska and Julien Danero Iglesias
1. Biopolitical Sovereignty and Borderlands
2. The "Boomerang Effect" of Kin-State Activism: Cross-border Ties and the Securitization of Kin Minorities
3. Values and Power Conflicts in Framing Borders and Borderlands: The 2013 Reform of EU Schengen Governance
4. Conflicting Imaginaries of the Border: The Construction of African Asylum Seekers in the Israeli Political Discourse
5. The European Dispositif of Border Control in Malta. Migrants’ Experiences of a Securitized Borderland
6. Behind Closed Doors: Discourses and Strategies in the European Securitized Borderlands in Moldova, Serbia and Ukraine
Julien Danero Iglesias
7. Securitizing a European Borderland: The Bordering Effects of Memory Politics in Bosnia and Herzegovina