1st Edition

Security Cooperation between Western States Openness, Security and Autonomy

By Olivier Lewis Copyright 2023
    272 Pages
    by Routledge

    272 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book examines security cooperation between Western states.

    Security cooperation occurs between Western (i.e. European and North American) states as a coping mechanism, as an imperfect substitute for integration. The book investigates the reasons for cooperation, what Aristotle called the ‘final cause’, as well as the material, formal, and efficient causes of cooperation. Such a causal explanation is based on a Critical Realist philosophy of social science. The book is also based on an embedded multiple-case study; the states studied are the United States, France, and Luxembourg. Within each state, the embedded subcases are three types of state security organizations: the armed forces, law enforcement, and intelligence agencies, which have rarely been compared in this way. Comparing different types of states and different types of state security organizations has allowed temporal, spatial, national, and functional variation in cooperation to be identified and theorized. The empirical evidence studied includes participant observations at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and documents such as state policy documents, annual reports by organizations, reports by parliaments and non-governmental organizations, autobiographies, books by investigative journalists, and articles by newspapers and magazines. The book is also based on a score of elite interviews with ambassadors, diplomatic liaisons, ministerial advisors, foreign ministry officials, and military commanders.

    This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, intelligence studies, military studies and International Relations in general.

    1. Introduction

    2. What Makes Security Cooperation Possible

    3. Military Cooperation and the Search for Flexible Security

    4. Law Enforcement Cooperation and the Forces of Social Order

    5. Intelligence Cooperation and the Benefits of Differentiation

    6. Conclusions: Change within Limits


    Olivier Lewis has a PhD in International Relations from the University of St Andrews, Scotland. He is a Lecturer in Defence Studies Education in the Defence Studies Department at King's College London.

    ‘Lewis’ is an original book that pushes theoretical boundaries and investigates why states cooperate. It comes up with a, perhaps, counterintuitive answer: because state actors do not want to integrate. Cooperation is, hence, their (next best) alternative. Looking at Luxemburg, France and the US – and a multitude of actors within these states – Lewis draws on a wealth of information, and provides a thought-provoking argument; as well as an interesting read.’-

    Bernhard Blumenau, The University of St Andrews, UK