Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity

1st Edition

By Jan Froestad, Clifford Shearing

CRC Press

257 pages | 18 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781420090147
pub: 2012-12-13
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429255045
pub: 2012-12-13
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The security governance of South Africa has faced immense challenges amid post-apartheid constitutional and political transformations. In many cases, policing and governmental organizations have failed to provide security and other services to the poorest inhabitants. Security Governance, Policing, and Local Capacity explores an experiment that took place in Zwelethemba—located in South Africa’s Western Cape Province—to establish legitimate and effective nonstate security governance within poor urban settlements.

There has been, and continues to be, much reticence to endorsing private forms of security governance that operate outside of state institutions within local communities. Those initiatives have often led to situations where force is used illegally and punishment is dispensed arbitrarily and brutally. This book explores the extent to which this model of mobilizing local knowledge and capacity was able to effectively achieve justice, democracy, accountability, and development in this region.

Whenever possible, the book includes raw data and a thorough analysis of existing information on security governance. Examining this case and its outcome, the authors provide a theoretical analysis of the model used and present a series of design principles for future applications in local security governance. The book concludes that poor communities are a significant source of untapped resources that can, under certain conditions, be mobilized to significantly enhance safety. This volume is an important examination of experimental models and a presentation of new groundbreaking theory on engaging the local community in solving security governance problems.

Table of Contents



Good Security Governance

The Zwelethemba Road

Reaching Zwelethemba

A Road Block

Roads from Zwelethemba

The Road to This Book

Justice Through Peace

Justice as Just Deserts

Restorative Justice: Justice as Healing

Restorative Justice and the Criminal Justice System

Zwelethemba’s Justice

Mechanisms for Building Justice Through Peace

Democracy in Many Places

Shifting Conceptions

Democratic Deficit

Democracy Blackmail

The Displacement of Politics as a Democratic Requirement

Zwelethemba and the Displacement of Politics

Zwelethemba and the Challenge of Building Private Democratic Spaces

Disputes over Property

"Futures Games" Versus "Blaming Games"

Making Up and Resolving Disputes

Building Symbolic Capital

Preventing Escalation

Social Disputes

Increasing the Level of Transparency

Drawing Upon Community Norms and Values

Root Causes

Domestic Disputes

Mobilizing Normative Standards

Aligning Local and Cosmopolitan Values

Reviews and Reflection on Practice

Multiple Accountabilities

Accountability—Where We Have Been

A New Crisis of Accountability?

New Ideas on How to Perceive and Strengthen Accountability

The Zwelethemba Experience—Accountability Mechanisms and Challenges

Communal Accountability

Deliberative Accountability

Horizontal Accountability

Hierarchical Accountability

Accountability Relations Between the Peace Committees and the Community Peace Program

Disrespecting the Framework

Accountability Relations to the South African State and Its Constitution

Accountability in Learning Processes

Accountability Through the Market

Human Rights in Development

No Development Without a Strong State

What Is a Strong State?

Development and Human Rights

Human Rights

Reconciling Universal Human Rights With Local Norms

Reconciling Tensions Within the Family of Human Rights

Human Development

Building Individual Capacity

Reimagining Strategies of Collective Engagement

The McGregor Experiment

Human Security

Zwelethemba—Mobilizing the Savages to Fight the Barbarians?

Conclusion: Zwelethemba’s Hope

A Road Block and Beyond?




About the Series

Advances in Police Theory and Practice

Presenting volumes that focus on the nexus between research and practice, the Advances in Police Theory and Practice series is geared toward those practitioners and academics seeking to implement the latest innovations in policing from across the world. This series draws from an international community of experts who examine who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities.

The series eeditor encourages the contribution of works coauthored by police practitioners and researchers. Proposals for contributions to the series may be submitted to the series editor Dilip Das at

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Government & Business
LAW / Criminal Law / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Affairs & Administration