1st Edition

Security, Religion, and the Rule of Law International Perspectives

Edited By Tania Pagotto, Joshua M. Roose, G. P. Marcar Copyright 2024
    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    Security, Religion, and the Rule of Law argues that true, substantive, and sustainable national security is only possible through respect for the rule of law, human rights, and religious freedom.

    Despite the emphasis on national security and the war on terror that has preoccupied governments for over two decades, nations – and the world – seem to be more divided than ever, with a concomitant impact of increasing the risk of terrorism and religious and political violence. The national security paradigm, previously reserved primarily for foreign threats, has been turned increasingly inwards, focusing on a state’s own citizens as potential threats. This is often along religious lines, threatening fundamental human freedoms. This book provides a series of critical engagements on some of the most pressing issues at the interface of religion and security today, including proposing a deeper engagement with theology when dealing with freedom of religious belief, exploring a better understanding between domestic peace and international relations, abiding by the rule of law while countering terrorism, and developing a broader understanding of identities and of the nature of citizenship. It provides the resources to further reflect upon and address these topics, as well as stimulate further discussions on religion and security matters across a range of different disciplines. Wide-ranging case studies consider Australia, China, Europe, the Kurdish people, Nigeria, Russia, Ukraine, the United Nations, and the United States.

    This book will appeal to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including international relations, law, philosophy, political science, religious studies, security studies, and theology. It will also appeal to human rights lawyers, judges, NGO researchers, governmental agency specialists, and policy makers.

    Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.


    List of contributors


    Introduction: From Spaces of Tension, to Spaces of Conversation: Freedom of Religion or Belief and National Security

    Tania Pagotto and G. P. Marcar

    PART I: Religion, Security, and Theology

    1 Doubtful Civil Belief: Or, Tolerating One’s Damned Neighbours with Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    G. P. Marcar

    2 Religious Freedom, Human Security, and Human Fraternity: Is Religious Freedom a Forgotten Freedom within the Human Security Framework?

    Elena López Ruf

    PART II: Religion, Security, and Geopolitics

    3 The International Protection of Freedom of Religion or Belief in the Context of Counter-Terrorism

    Rodrigo Vitorino Souza Alves

    4 Religion as a Matter of U.S. National (In)Security?

    Michelle Flynn

    5 New Religious Legislation in Ukraine as a Response to Russian Aggression

    Maksym Vasin

    PART III: Religion, Security, and Identities

    6 Towards Resolving the Conflict between National and Muslim Identities in Nigeria

    Azizat Omotoyosi Amoloye-Adebayo

    7 Rejecting Security: A Comparative Analysis of the Rejection of Security, Public Safety, and Public Order Concerns as a Ground for Restricting Freedom of Religion in Religious Dress Cases

    Renae Barker

    8 Religion-Based Boundaries: Restricting Pluralism through Symbolic Barriers

    Tania Pagotto

    9 Religion, Citizenship Revocation, and Foreign Combatant Laws: The Illiberal Turn

    Joshua M. Roose

    Conclusion: Freedom of Religion as Shield, Sword, and Contributor in Relation to National Security

    Joshua M. Roose and G. P. Marcar



    Tania Pagotto is a Postdoctoral Researcher in Law and Religion at the University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy.

    Joshua M. Roose is an Associate Professor of Politics at the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Deakin University, Australia.

    G. P. Marcar is a Research Affiliate and former Harold Turner Research Fellow with the Centre for Theology and Public Issues at the University of Otago, New Zealand.

    Security, Religion, and the Rule of Law: International Perspectives offers a multidisciplinary and multidimensional analysis of relationships between the paradigms of national security and freedom of religion. Employing rigorous argument through overarching chapters and a selection of case studies, the authors signal moves towards a positive understanding of the potential of freedom of religion to function as a healing mechanism in fractured polities, contextualising and undermining simplistic perceptions of religion as a threat to national and international security. This ‘flipping of the coin’ of voguishly negative discourse on the role of religion in society is important, overdue, and deserving of the widest readership.”

    Patrick Thornberry CMGEmeritus Professor of International Law at Keele University, UK, and Fellow of Kellogg College, University of Oxford, UK