1st Edition

Security Studies

Edited By

Theo Farrell

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ISBN 9780415456012
Published January 20, 2010 by Routledge
2176 Pages


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Book Description

Security Studies traces its origins to work on the causes of war. It remains the most significant subdiscipline of International Relations and, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, its concerns with the security of the international system and the individual, as well as the state, remain as pertinent and urgent as ever. While—especially since the events of 11 September 2001 and the remilitarization of US foreign policy—the focus on states and military power remains central to Security Studies, the subject also embraces economic, societal, and environmental security. Furthermore, Security Studies has spawned a dizzying range of competing theoretical approaches—liberal, constructivist, critical, postmodernist, and feminist among them—to challenge the dominant ‘realist’ take on security.

Addressing the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this rapidly growing and ever more complex corpus of scholarly literature, Security Studies is a new title in the Routledge series, Critical Concepts in International Relations. Edited by Theo Farrell of King’s College London and chair of the International Security Studies section of the International Studies Association, it is a five-volume collection of the foundational and the very best cutting-edge scholarship.

Security Studies is fully indexed and includes a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context. It is an essential reference work and is destined to be valued by scholars and students—as well as policy-makers and practitioners—as a vital one-stop research and pedagogic resource.

Table of Contents


Volume I: Theoretical debates


1. William C. Wohlforth, ‘Realism and the End of the Cold War’, International Security, 1994/5, 19, 3, 91–129.

2. Stephen G. Brooks, ‘Dueling Realisms’, International Organization, 1997, 51, 3, 445–77.

3. Robert Jervis, ‘Realism, Neoliberalism, and Cooperation: Understanding the Debate’, International Security, 1999, 24, 1, 42–61.


4. Michael W. Doyle, ‘Liberalism and World Politics’, American Political Science Review, 1986, 80, 4, 1151–69.

5. Bruce Russett and Zeev Maoz, ‘Normative and Structural Causes of the Democratic Peace’, American Political Science Review, 1993, 87, 3, 624–38.

6. G. John Ikenberry, ‘Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Persistence of American Postwar Order’, International Security, 1998/9, 23, 3, 43–78.


7. Alexander Wendt, ‘Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics’, International Organization, 1992, 46, 2, 391–425.

8. John Duffield, ‘Political Culture and State Behaviour: Why Germany Confounds Neorealism’, International Organization, 1999, 53, 4, 765–803.

9. Jeffrey W. Legro, ‘Culture and Preferences in the International Cooperation Two-Step’, American Political Science Review, 1996, 90, 1, 118–37.

10. Theo Farrell, ‘World Culture and Military Power’, Security Studies, 2005, 14, 3, 448–88.

Critical Approaches

11. K. M. Fierke, ‘Logics of Force and Dialogue: The Iraq/UNSCOM Crisis as Social Interaction’, European Journal of International Relations, 2000, 6, 3, 335–71.

12. Lene Hansen, ‘The Little Mermaid’s Secret Security Dilemma and the Absence of Gender in the Copenhagen School’, Millennium, 2000, 29, 2, 285–306.

13. Claudia Aradau and Rens van Munster, ‘Governing Terrorism Through Risk: Taking Precautions (Un)knowing the Future’, European Journal of International Relations, 2007, 13, 1, 89–115.

Bureaucratic Politics, Organizational Theory and Psychology

14. Jonathan Bendor and Thomas H. Hammond, ‘Rethinking Allison’s Models’, American Political Science Review, 1992, 86, 2, 301–22.

15. Scott Sagan, ‘The Perils of Proliferation: Organization Theory, Deterrence Theory, and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons’, International Security, 1994, 18, 4, 66–107.

16. Jon Mercer, ‘Rationality and Psychology in International Politics’, International Organization, 2005, 59, 77–106.

Volume II: National Security

Future of Conventional Warfare

17. Stephen Biddle, ‘Victory Misunderstood: What the Gulf War Tells Us about the Future of Conflict’, International Security, 1996, 21, 2, 139–79.

18. Richard B. Andres, Craig Wills, and Thomas Griffith Jr., ‘Winning with Allies: The Strategic Value of the Afghan Model’, International Security, 2005/6, 30, 3, 124–60.

19. Kober Avi, ‘The Israeli Defence Forces in the Second Lebanon War: Why the Poor Performance?’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 2008, 31, 3–40.

Nuclear Strategy and Deterrence

20. Charles L. Glaser and Steve Fetter, ‘Counterforce Revisited: Assessing the Nuclear Posture Review’s New Missions’, International Security, 2005, 30, 2, 84–126.

21. David S. Yost, ‘New Approaches to Deterrence in Britain, France and the United States’, International Affairs, 2005, 81, 1, 83–114.

Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency

22. Daniel Byman, ‘Understanding Proto-Insurgencies’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 2008, 31, 2, 165–200.

23. Mark Kramer, ‘The Perils of Counterinsurgency: Russia’s War in Chechnya’, International Security, 2004/5, 29, 3, 5–63.

24. Seth G. Jones, ‘The Rise of Afghanistan’s Insurgency: State Failure and Jihad’, International Security, 2008, 32, 4, 7–41.

25. Paul Cornish, ‘The United States and Counterinsurgency’, International Affairs, 2009, 85, 1, 61–79.

Civil–Military Relations

26. James Burk, ‘Theories of Democratic Civil-Military Relations’, Armed Forces and Society, 2002, 29, 1, 7–29.

27. Frank G. Hoffman, ‘Dereliction of Duty Redux? Post-Iraq American Civil-Military Relations’, Orbis, 2008, 52, 2, 217–37.

Intelligence and National Security

28. Arthur S. Hulnick, ‘What’s Wrong with the Intelligence Cycle’, Intelligence and National Security, 2006, 21, 6, 959–79.

Domestic Politics, Public Opinion and the Media

29. Jon Western, ‘Sources of Humanitarian Intervention: Beliefs, Information, and Advocacy in the US Decisions on Somalia and Bosnia’, International Security, 2002, 26, 4, 112–42.

30. Christopher Gelpi, Peter D. Feaver, and Jason Reifler, ‘Success Matters: Casualty Sensitivity and the War in Iraq’, International Security, 2004/5, 30, 3, 7–46.

Volume III: International Security

The Causes of War

31. Karen Ruth Adams, ‘Attack and Conquer? International Anarchy and the Offense-Defense-Deterrence Balance’, International Security, 2003/4, 28, 3, 45–83.

32. Stuart J. Kaufman, ‘Symbolic Politics or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence’, International Security, 2006, 30, 4, 45–87.

Humanitarian Intervention and Peace Operations

33. Stephen John Stedman, ‘Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes’, International Security, 1997, 22, 2, 5–53.

34. Alex J. Bellamy and Paul D. Williams, ‘Who’s Keeping the Peace? Regionalization and Contemporary Peace Operations’, International Security, 2005, 29, 4, 157–95.

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

35. Bruce Hoffman, ‘Rethinking Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Since 9/11’, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 2002, 25, 5, 303–16.

36. Robert A. Pape, ‘The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism’, American Political Science Review, 2003, 97, 3, 1–19.

37. Wyn Rees and Richard J. Aldrich, ‘Contending Cultures of Counterterrorism: Transatlantic Divergence or Convergence?’, International Affairs, 2005, 81, 5, 905–23.

Nuclear Proliferation

38. Peter D. Feaver, ‘Optimists, Pessimists, and Theories of Nuclear Proliferation Management’, Security Studies, 1995, 4, 4, 760–2.

39. S. Paul Kapur, ‘India and Pakistan’s Unstable Peace: Why Nuclear South Asia is Not Like Cold War Europe’, International Security, 2005, 30, 2, 127–52.

Economic Sanctions

40. David A. Baldwin, ‘The Sanctions Debate and the Logic of Choice’, International Security, 1999/2000, 24, 1, 80–107.

41. Eric Herring, ‘Between Iraq and a Hard Place: A Critique of the British Government’s Case for UN Economic Sanctions’, Review of International Studies, 2002, 28, 1, 39–56.

International Law and Armed Conflict

42. Thomas W. Smith, ‘The New Law of War: Legitimating Hi-tech and Infrastructural Violence’, International Studies Quarterly, 2002, 46, 355–74.

43. Colin H. Kahl, ‘In the Crossfire or the Crosshairs? Norms, Civilian Casualties, and US Military Conduct in Iraq’, International Security, 2007, 32, 1, 7–46.

Volume IV: Regional Security

Europe and NATO

44. Terry Terriff, ‘Fear and Loathing in NATO: The Atlantic Alliance after the Crisis Over Iraq’, Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 2004, 5, 3, 419–46.

45. Christopher O. Meyer, ‘Convergence Towards a European Strategic Culture? A Constructivist Framework for Explaining Changing Norms’, European Journal of International Relations, 2005, 11, 4, 523–49.

46. Alyson J. K. Bailes, ‘The EU and a "Better World": What Role for the European Security and Defence Policy’, International Affairs, 2008, 84, 1, 115–30.

Middle East

47. Keith Krause, ‘Insecurity and State Formation in the Global Military Order: The Middle East Case’, European Journal of International Relations, 1996, 2, 3, 319–54.

48. Zeev Maoz, ‘Evaluating Israel’s Strategy of Low-Intensity Warfare, 1949-2006’, Security Studies, 2007, 16, 3, 319–49.


49. David C. Kang, ‘Getting Asia Wrong: The Need for New Analytical Framework’, International Security, 2003, 27, 4, 57–85.

50. David Martin Jones and Michael L. R. Smith, ‘Making Process, Not Progress: ASEAN and the Evolving East Asian Regional Order’, International Security, 2007, 32, 1, 148–83.

51. Evelyn Goh, ‘Great Powers and Hierarchical Order in Southeast Asia: Analyzing Regional Security Strategies’, International Security, 2007/8, 32, 3, 113–57.


52. Ken Menkhaus, ‘Vicious Circles and the Security Development Nexus in Somalia?’, Journal of Conflict, Security and Development, 2004, 4, 2, 149–65.

53. Pierre Englebert and Denis M. Tull, ‘Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa: Flawed Ideas about Failed States’, International Security, 2008, 32, 4, 106–39.

54. Patrick Johnston, ‘The Geography of Insurgent Organization and its Consequences for Civil Wars: Evidence from Liberia and Sierra Leone’, Security Studies, 2008, 17, 1, 107–38.

Russia and the North Caucasus

55. Richard Sakwa, ‘"New Cold War" or Twenty Years’ Crisis? Russia and International Politics’, International Affairs, 2008, 84, 2, 241–67.

56. Domitilla Sargamoso, ‘Violence and Conflict in the Russian North Caucasus’, International Affairs, 2007, 83, 4, 681–705.

Volume V: Global Security

Non-State Actors

57. P. W. Singer, ‘Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry and its Ramifications for International Security’, International Security, 2001/2, 26, 3, 186–220.

58. Deborah Avant, ‘Conserving Nature in the State of Nature: The Politics of INGO Policy Implementation’, Review of International Studies, 2004, 30, 361–82.

Human Security

59. Colin McInnes and Kelley Lee, ‘Health, Security and Foreign Policy’, Review of International Studies, 2006, 32, 1, 5–24.

60. Michael Dillon and Luis Lobo-Guerrero, ‘The Biopolitics of Security in the 21st Century’, Review of International Studies, 2008, 32, 2, 265–92.

Democracy Promotion

61. David Chandler, ‘Back to the Future? The Limits of Neo-Wilsonian Ideals of Exporting Democracy’, Review of International Studies, 2006, 32, 3, 475–94.

62. Katerina Dalacoura, ‘US Democracy Promotion in the Arab Middle East Since 11 September 2001: A Critique’, International Affairs, 2005, 81, 5, 963–79.

Environmental Security and Climate Change

63. Oli Brown, Anne Hammill, and Robert McLemon, ‘Climate Change as the "New" Security Threat: Implications for Africa’, International Affairs, 2007, 83, 6, 1141–54.

64. Joshua W. Busby, ‘Who Cares about the Weather? Climate Change and US National Security’, Security Studies, 2008, 17, 3, 468–504.

Migration and Refugees

65. Fiona Adamson, ‘Crossing Borders: International Migration and National Security’, International Security, 2006, 31, 1, 165–99.

66. Arthur C. Helton and Eliana Jones, ‘What is Forced Migration?’, Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 1998–9, 13, 521–31.

Energy Security

67. Gawdet Bahgat, ‘Europe’s Energy Security: Challenges and Opportunities’, International Affairs, 2006, 82, 5, 961–75.

68. Eugene Gholz and Daryl Press, ‘Energy Alarmism: The Myths that Make Americans Worry about Oil’, CATO Institute Policy Analysis No. 589, 1–22.

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