This book examines Gulf Security in a holistic way seeing past the narrow military aspect and also trying to debunk the conventional narratives propagated by regional and external actors. In particular, the emphasis is be on the historical legacy of Gulf security and the fundamental domestic and international vulnerabilities of the various states in the region. This approach proves important in light of the recent efforts by Gulf states to recast their position in the international arena trying to peddle an image of self-assertiveness and autonomy in the security sphere. These new diplomatic stances do not seem to be borne out by their current security policies that are marked by apparent continuity with past practices. In particular, the new Gulf-Asia nexus and the claims by Gulf monarchies that regional confidence building measures are appearing on the horizon are placed under critical scrutiny. This is done by a sobering examination of the balance of threat in the region, the historical amity/enmity patterns and the evolving American stance.
A shorter, modified version of this book was previously published as a special issue of the British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.
Introduction - Matteo Legrenzi 1. From here we begin: A Survey of Scholarship on the International Relations of the Gulf - Fred Lawson 2. The Power of Narrative: Saudi Arabia, the United States and the Search for Security - Patrick Conge and Gwenn Okruhlik 3. La Longue Durée and Energy Security in the Gulf - Mary Ann Tétreault 4. Jihad, yes, but not revolution: Explaining the extraversion of Islamist violence in Saudi Arabia - Thomas Hegghammer 5. Saudi Arabia and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process: The Fluctuation of Regional Coordination - Joseph Kostiner 6. Dubai and the United Arab Emirates: Domestic and International Threats - Christopher M. Davidson 7. Iraq’s Gulf Policy and Regime Security from the Monarchy to the post-Baathist Era - Ibrahim Al-Marashi 8. Islamic Utopian Romanticism and the Foreign Policy Culture of Iran - Arshin Adib-Moghaddam