Sediments Contamination and Sustainable Remediation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Sediments Contamination and Sustainable Remediation

1st Edition

By Catherine N. Mulligan, Masaharu Fukue, Yoshio Sato

CRC Press

320 pages | 137 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2009-12-16
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Although valuable resources in river basins and other aqueous environments, sediments often receive much less attention from researchers, policymakers, and other professionals than other components of the ecosystem. Until now. Highlighting the important role that sediments play in the geoenvironment, Sediments Contamination and Sustainable Remediation focuses on sediment management for the purpose of environmental cleanup or management. It provides the in-depth understanding of the sediment-water environment needed to develop better management practices and meet sustainability requirements.

The book discusses the contamination of sediments resulting from discharge of pollutants, excessive nutrients, and other hazardous substances from anthropogenic activities. It examines impacts observed as a result of these discharges, including the presence of hazardous materials and eutrophication, and elucidates the remediation techniques developed to restore the health of sediments and how to evaluate the remediation technologies using indicators. The text explores the problems inherent in dealing with contaminated sediments in rivers, lakes, and estuaries and includes numerous case studies that illustrate key concepts.

The authors provide wide-ranging coverage of the topic and include methods for evaluating the effectiveness of different remediation technologies. They make the case for the development and application of innovative management practices that create long-term solutions to sediment contamination to reduce natural resource depletion, continued landfill contamination, and diminished biodiversity in the aquatic geoenvironment.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Sediment Contamination and Management


Sustainable Development and the Aquatic Geoenvironment

Sources of Pollutants

Management of Contaminated Sediments

Natural Mitigation Processes

Bioaccumulation of Contaminants

Sustainable Sediment Management Practices

Concluding Remarks


Introduction to Sediments


Definition of Sediments

Types of Sediments


Uses of Sediments and Water

Management of Sediments

Concluding Remarks


Contaminant–Sediment Interactions


Factors Influencing Contaminant–Sediment Interactions

Sorption of Pollutants and Partition Coefficients

Biotransformation and Degradation of Organic Chemicals and Heavy Metals

Interaction of Contaminants, Organisms, and Sediments

Chemical Reactions, Geochemical Speciation, and Transport Predictions

Concluding Remarks


Remediation Assessment, Sampling, and Monitoring


Cleanup Goals and Background Values


Analysis and Evaluation

Case Studies

Concluding Remarks


Natural Recovery of Contaminated Sediments


Natural Recovery Processes of Sediments

Evaluation of the Natural Recovery of Sediments

Models for Natural Remediation

Regulatory Framework

Protocols Developed for Monitored Natural Recovery

Case Studies of Natural Recovery

Enhanced Natural Recovery

Concluding Remarks


In Situ Remediation and Management of Contaminated Sediments


In Situ Capping

Rehabilitation of the Coastal Marine Environment

Chemical Remediation Technologies

Biological Remediation Technologies

Creation of Seaweed Swards

Case Studies of Remediation

Concluding Remarks


Dredging and the Remediation of Dredged Contaminated Sediments


Sustainable Dredging Strategies

Physical Remediation Technologies

Chemical/Thermal Remediation

Biological Remediation

Beneficial Use of Sediments

Confined Disposal

Comparison between Treatment Technologies

Case Studies of Remediation

Concluding Remarks


Management and Evaluation of Treatment Alternatives for Sediments


Generic Framework

Remediation Objectives

Lines of Evidence

Evaluation of the Management Alternatives

Selection of Technologies

Management Plan

Sustainable Remediation

Strategy for Remediated Sediment Sustainability

Concluding Remarks


Current State and Future Directions


Disposal at Sea

Beneficial Use of Dredged Materials

Sustainability Evaluation

Case Study of Lachine Canal

Barriers to Technology Development and Implementation

Current Needs and Future Directions

Concluding Remarks


Appendix A: Sediment Quality Guidelines from Environment Canada and MDDEP, 2008

Appendix B: London Convention and Protocol: Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972

Appendix C: Prediction of Sediment Toxicity Using Consensus Based Freshwater Sediment Quality Guidelines: USGS. 2000

Appendix D: International Sediment Quality Criteria


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply