Demographic trends indicate that, if the size of our nation's military forces is to be maintained through the 1990s, a larger proportion of the declining number of eligible young men and women must be recruited and retained. Some experts have suggested that it may be necessary to return to conscription in order to achieve the necessary force levels. However, the pool of young people, on whom the military must rely, have had the unprecedented experience of having been exhorted for most of their lives to conscientiously question the use of armed force. Our political and moral systems are in conflict over their right to refuse military service. Ninety-four percent of Americans believe in God and seventy percent attend a church or synagogue. 1 Their religious leaders insist on the individual's obligation to selectively object to the use of military force and urge that the law be changed to protect selective objectors. At present, the legal system recognizes only the conscientious objection claims of complete pacifists, who need not be religiously motivated.
Acknowledgments -- Conscience and Security: An Introduction /Michael F. Noone, Jr. -- 1 Accommodation to Selective Conscientious Objection: How and Why /Kent Greenawalt -- 2 The Right to Accommodation: Should It Be Legislatively Recognized? /William J. Wagner -- 3 Selective Service and the Conscientious Objector /George Q. Flynn -- 4 A Pacifist's View of Conscientious Objection /Gordon C. Zahn -- 5 The U.S. Catholic Bishops and Selective Conscientious Objection: History and Logic of the Position /J. Bryan Hehir -- 6 A Bishop Looks at Selective Conscientious Objection /Walter F. Sullivan -- 7 The Good of Selective Conscientious Objection /John P. Langan -- 8 Alternative Service: The Significance of the Challenge /James L. Lacy -- 9 In-Service Conscientious Objection /Edward F. Sherman -- 10 The Moral Judgment, Action, and Credibility of Israeli Soldiers Who Refused to Serve in Lebanon (1982-1985) /Ruth Linn -- Notes on Contributors -- Index.