1st Edition

Self-Organized 3D Tissue Patterns
Fundamentals, Design, and Experiments

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after May 31, 2021
ISBN 9789814877770
May 31, 2021 Forthcoming by Jenny Stanford Publishing
200 Pages

USD $129.95

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

Therapies for regenerating damaged tissue and organs have been attracting much attention. In order to efficiently regenerate the functions of living tissue and organs, diverse attempts have been made to utilize scaffolds to “mold” artificial tissue structures. However, the structural complexity of reconstituted tissue is limited by the mechanical precision of scaffolds, which still cause problems arising from their degradation, immunogenic reactions, and so forth. It is also being realized that ultimately the best approach might be to rely on the innate self-organizing properties of cells and the regenerative capability of the organism itself. This book investigates the 3D-pattern formation and evolution mechanism in multipotent cells embedded in 3D semi-synthetic hydrogels and the control methodology for self-organized patterns. The authors theoretically and experimentally demonstrate several types of topological 3D-pattern formation by cells in a 3D matrix in vitro, which can be modeled and predicted by mathematical models based on the reaction-diffusion (RD) dynamics of various chemical, physical, and mechanical cues. This study focused on 3D pattern formation of cells provides (i) a unique perspective for understanding the self-organized 3D tissue structures based on Turing instability, (ii) the scheme for rationally controlling the cellular self-organization via exogenous factors or tailored inner interfaces inside hydrogels, and (iii) the elaborate and sophisticated regulating method for tuning collective cellular behaviors in 3D matrices.

Table of Contents


X Zhu & Z Wang

Fundamentals of 3D Cell Culture in Hydrogels

X Zhu

3D Patterns of Tissues Emerging in Hydrogels

X Zhu

Patterning 3D Tissue Structures via Cellular Self-Assembly at the Patterned Interfaces Inside Hydrogel

X Zhu

Modeling Cellular Self-Assembly at the Patterned Interfaces Inside Hydrogel via Turing’s Reaction-Diffusion Frame

X Zhu

Tuning the Cellular Behaviors during Self-Organization of Cells in Hydrogel by Changing the Inner Nanostructure of Hydrogel

X Zhu & Z Wang

View More



Xiaolu Zhu is currently an associate professor at Hohai University, China. He graduated from Southeast University in 2007 and obtained a PhD in 2014. He worked as a research scholar at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), from 2011 to 2013. His work is mainly focused on understanding and controlling self-organized 3D patterns of cells.