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1st Edition

Semiconductor Materials



ISBN 9780849389122
Published December 13, 1996 by CRC Press
496 Pages

 
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Book Description

Semiconductor Materials presents physico-chemical, electronic, electrical, elastic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, and other properties of a vast group of elemental, binary, and ternary inorganic semiconductors and their solid solutions. It also discusses the properties of organic semiconductors. Descriptions are given of the most commonly used semiconductor devices-charge-coupled devices, field-effect transistors, unijunction transistors, thyristors, Zener and avalanche diodes, and photodiodes and lasers. The current trend of transitioning from silicon technology to gallium arsenide technology in field-effect-based electronic devices is a special feature that is also covered.
More than 300 figures and 100 tables highlight discussions in the text, and more than 2,000 references guide you to further sources on specific topics. Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book.
Engineers who design and improve semiconductor devices, researchers in physics and chemistry, and students of materials science and electronics will find this a valuable guide.

Table of Contents

Semiconductor Materials: Definition, History, Systematization
Introduction to Semiconductor Physics
Chemical Bonds in Semiconductor Crystals
Electrical Conductivity in Semiconductors
Thermoelectric Phenomena in Semiconductors
Recombination of Electrons and Holes
Photoconductivity and Photo-emf
Phenomena at the Interface of n-Type and p-Type Semiconductors
Brief Description of the Methods of Evaluation of the Basic Properties of Semiconductors
Electrical Conductivity, Hall Effect, Nernst Effect
Generation/Recombination Parameters
Thermal and Thermoelectric Measurements
Elemental Semiconductors
Boron
Diamond
Silicon
Germanium
Gray Tin
Phosphorus
Selenium
Tellurium
Chemical Interaction Between the Elemental Semiconductors: Solid Solutions and Compounds
Boron-Carbon
Boron-Silicon
Boron-Phosphorus
Carbon-Silicon
Silicon-Germanium
Silicon-Tin and Germanium-Tin
Binary IV-VI and III-V Semiconductors
IVb-IVb Compound-Silicon Carbide
IIIb-Vb Compounds
Crystal Structure
Boron Nitride
Boron Phosphide
Boron Arsenide
Aluminum Nitride
Aluminum Phosphide
Aluminum Arsenide
Aluminum Antimonide
Gallium Nitride
Gallium Phosphide
Gallium Arsenide
Gallium Antimonide
Indium Nitride
Indium Phosphide
Indium Arsenide
Indium Antimonide
Binary II-VI and I-VII Tetrahedral Semiconductors
Binary II-VI Compounds
Zinc Oxide
Zinc Sulfide
Zinc Selenide
Zinc Telluride
Cadmium Sulfide
Cadmium Selenide
Cadmium Telluride
Mercury Sulfide
Mercury Selenide
Mercury Telluride
Ternary Adamantine Semiconductors
Ternary Analogs of the III-V Adamantine Semiconductors
The II-IV-V2 Compounds (Ternary Pnictides)
The I-IV2-V3 Compounds
Ternary Analogs of II-VI Adamantine Semiconductors
I-III-VI2 Compounds
I2-IV-VI3 Compounds
I3-V-VI4 Compounds
Defect Adamantine Semiconductors
IV3-V4 Compounds
III2-VI3 Compounds
Defect Ternary Compounds
III2-IV-VI Compounds
Non-Adamantine Semiconductors and Variable-Composition Semiconductor Phases
IA-IB Semiconductors
Semiconductors in the I-V Binary Systems
IA-VB Compounds
(IA)3-VB Compounds
I-VI Compounds
Copper and Silver Oxides
Copper and Silver Chalcogenides
II2-IV Compounds with Antifluoride Structure
IV-VI Galenite Type Compounds
V2-VI3 Compounds
Binary Compounds of the Group VIIIA Elements
Semiconductor Solid Solutions
Alloys of Elemental Semiconductors
III-V/III-V Semiconductor Alloys
II-VI/II-VI Solid Solutions
Solid Solutions of II-VI and III-V Compounds
Organic Semiconductors
Semiconductor Devices
p-n Junction and Schottky Barrier
p-n Junction
p-n Junction Diode
Metal-Semiconductor Rectifying Contact. Schottky Barrier Diode
Ohmic Contact
p-n-Junction and Schottky-Barrier Two-Electrode Devices
Varistors and Varactors
Zener and Avalanche Diodes
Tunnel Diode
Photodiode (Solar Cell)
Unijunction Transistor
Multiterminal (Multibarrier) Devices
Bipolar Devices
Unipolar Devices
Conclusion
Index

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