Sensors in Biomedical Applications: Fundamentals, Technology and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Sensors in Biomedical Applications

Fundamentals, Technology and Applications, 1st Edition

By Gabor Harsanyi

CRC Press

368 pages

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pub: 2000-05-01
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Description

While most books contain some information on related sensors topics, they are limited in their scope on biomedical sensors. Sensors in Biomedical Applications: Fundamentals, Design, Technology and Applications is the first systematized book to concentrate on all available and potential sensor devices of biomedical applications!

Sensors in Biomedical Applications presents information on sensor types in a comprehensive and easy to understand format. The first four chapters concentrate on the basics, lending an understanding to operation and design principles of sensor elements. Introduced are sections on: basic terms, sensor technologies, sensor structure and sensing effects. The next three chapters describe application possibilities: physical sensors, sensors for measuring chemical qualities and biosensors. Finally, a chapter covers biocompatability, in addition to an appendix and glossary.

Sensors in Biomedical Applications is the definitive reference book for a broad audience. All physicists, chemists and biologists interested in the chemical basis and effects of sensors will find this work invaluable. Biomedical engineers and sensor specialists will find the text useful in its pointed analysis of special design, processing and application problems. Physicians practicing with diagnostic tools will want to see the possibilities and limits of biomedical sensors. Finally, students of all of the above areas who wish to learn more about the basics of biomedical sensors need to have this book.

Reviews

"For scientists, engineers, and manufacturers involved in developing, designing, and applying biomedical sensors… surveys sensors that have existing and potential applications in biomedicine."

-Sci Tech Book News, Vol. 25, No. 3, September 2001

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Sensors And Their Characteristics

Integrated And Smart Sensors: Up-To-Date Requirements

Special Requirements Of Biomedical Applications

Sensor Technologies

Monolithic Semiconductor Technologies

Ceramics

Thin- And Thick-Film Technologies

Processing Of Polymer Films

Optical-Fiber Technologies

Basic Sensor Structures

Impedance-Type Structures

Semiconductor Devices As Sensors

Sensors Based On Acoustic-Wave Propagation

Calorimetric Sensors

Electrochemical Cells As Sensors

Potentiometric Sensors

Amperometric Sensors

Other Types Of Electrochemical Measurements

Sensors With Optical Waveguides

Sensing Effects

Thermoresistive Effects

Thermoelectric Effect

Other Thermoeffects Used In Sensors

Piezoelectric Effect

Electrets In Capacitive Transducers

Pyroelectric Effect

Piezoresistive Effect

Hall Effect

Further Effects For Sensing Magnetic Field

Superconductor Quantum Interference Device (Squid)

Radiation Induced Effects And Related Sensor Structures

Adsorption And Absorption Of Chemical Species

Selective Molecular Receptors

Permeation Through Membranes

Ion-Selective Membranes

Chemical-Optical Transduction Effects

Physical Sensors And Their Application In Biomedicine

Measuring Temperature

Measuring Core Temperature

Surface Temperature Mapping

Invasive Temperature Measurements

Other Applications Of Temperature Sensors

Skin Blood Flow Sensor

Hot-Film Anemometry For Measuring Blood Flow

Respiratory Flow Monitoring By Hot-Film Anemometry

Mechanical Sensors In Biomedicine

Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurements

Invasive Blood Pressure Sensors

Mechanical Sensors In Spirometry

Sensors For Pressure Pulses And Movement

Measuring Internal Ocular Pressure

Acoustic Sensors In Hearing Aids

Sensors In Ultrasound Imaging

Ultrasound Imaging Modes

Ultrasound Transducers And Arrays

Doppler-Sonography For Blood Flow Measurements

Detectors In Radiology

X-Ray Imaging With Sensors

X-Ray Sensors In Computer Tomography

Detectors In Nuclear Radiology

Other Applications Of Nuclear Detectors

Biomedical Applications Of Magnetic Field Sensors

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Sensors For Recording Biomagnetism

Magnetic Backprojection Imaging

Further Applications Of Physical Sensors

Electrodynamic Sensors For Blood Flow-Rate

Sensors In Ophthalmoscopy

Artificial Retina

Tactile Sensors For Artificial Limbs

Pick-Ups For Bioelectrical Measurements

Microwave Tomography

Sensors For Measuring Chemical Quantities In Biomedicine

Sensors For Monitoring Blood Gases And Ph

Operation Principles Of Electrochemical Cells

Invasive Electrochemical Sensors

Transcutaneous Electrochemical Sensors

Optical Fiber Sensors

Other Techniques

Combined Sensors

Optical Oximetry

Theoretical Bases Of Blood Oximetry

Invasive Oximetry

Non-Invasive Ear-Oximetry

Pulse Oximetry

Other Oximetry Methods

Other Applications Of Chemical Sensors

Ionic Compounds In Blood And Other Secretions

Chemical Parameters Of The Inner Eyelid

Monitoring Ph In The Gastric Acid

Measuring And Mapping Of Tissue Ph/Po2

Miscellaneous Gas Sensor Applications

Biosensors

Enzymatic Biosensors

Theoretical Bases

Time-Dependent And Stationary Measuring Methods

Transducer Types

Multi-Enzyme Reactions, Reagents In Enzymatic Processes

Enzyme Immobilization Techniques

Operation Characteristics

Glucose Sensors

Urea Sensors

Other Enzymatic Sensor Types

Application Perspectives Of Enzymatic Biosensors

Affinity Biosensors

Operation Principles Of Immunosensors

Indirect (Labeled) Immunosensors

Direct (Non-Labeled) Immunosensors

Dna-Sensors

Living Biosensors

Microbial Biosensors

Tissue-Based Sensors

Microphysiometers

Neuronal Biosensors

Direct Methods For Monitoring Bioactive Compounds

Direct Electrochemical Sensing Of Glucose

Direct Optical Approaches

Infrared Spectroscopy

Biocompatibility Of Sensors

Summary, Future Trends

Appendix

Glossary Of The Often Used Acronyms

Index

About The Author

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science