1st Edition

Sensors in Biomedical Applications
Fundamentals, Technology and Applications

ISBN 9781566768856
Published May 1, 2000 by CRC Press
368 Pages

USD $400.00

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Book Description

While most books contain some information on related sensors topics, they are limited in their scope on biomedical sensors. Sensors in Biomedical Applications: Fundamentals, Design, Technology and Applications is the first systematized book to concentrate on all available and potential sensor devices of biomedical applications!

Sensors in Biomedical Applications presents information on sensor types in a comprehensive and easy to understand format. The first four chapters concentrate on the basics, lending an understanding to operation and design principles of sensor elements. Introduced are sections on: basic terms, sensor technologies, sensor structure and sensing effects. The next three chapters describe application possibilities: physical sensors, sensors for measuring chemical qualities and biosensors. Finally, a chapter covers biocompatability, in addition to an appendix and glossary.

Sensors in Biomedical Applications is the definitive reference book for a broad audience. All physicists, chemists and biologists interested in the chemical basis and effects of sensors will find this work invaluable. Biomedical engineers and sensor specialists will find the text useful in its pointed analysis of special design, processing and application problems. Physicians practicing with diagnostic tools will want to see the possibilities and limits of biomedical sensors. Finally, students of all of the above areas who wish to learn more about the basics of biomedical sensors need to have this book.

Table of Contents

Sensors And Their Characteristics
Integrated And Smart Sensors: Up-To-Date Requirements
Special Requirements Of Biomedical Applications
Sensor Technologies
Monolithic Semiconductor Technologies
Thin- And Thick-Film Technologies
Processing Of Polymer Films
Optical-Fiber Technologies
Basic Sensor Structures
Impedance-Type Structures
Semiconductor Devices As Sensors
Sensors Based On Acoustic-Wave Propagation
Calorimetric Sensors
Electrochemical Cells As Sensors
Potentiometric Sensors
Amperometric Sensors
Other Types Of Electrochemical Measurements
Sensors With Optical Waveguides
Sensing Effects
Thermoresistive Effects
Thermoelectric Effect
Other Thermoeffects Used In Sensors
Piezoelectric Effect
Electrets In Capacitive Transducers
Pyroelectric Effect
Piezoresistive Effect
Hall Effect
Further Effects For Sensing Magnetic Field
Superconductor Quantum Interference Device (Squid)
Radiation Induced Effects And Related Sensor Structures
Adsorption And Absorption Of Chemical Species
Selective Molecular Receptors
Permeation Through Membranes
Ion-Selective Membranes
Chemical-Optical Transduction Effects
Physical Sensors And Their Application In Biomedicine
Measuring Temperature
Measuring Core Temperature
Surface Temperature Mapping
Invasive Temperature Measurements
Other Applications Of Temperature Sensors
Skin Blood Flow Sensor
Hot-Film Anemometry For Measuring Blood Flow
Respiratory Flow Monitoring By Hot-Film Anemometry
Mechanical Sensors In Biomedicine
Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurements
Invasive Blood Pressure Sensors
Mechanical Sensors In Spirometry
Sensors For Pressure Pulses And Movement
Measuring Internal Ocular Pressure
Acoustic Sensors In Hearing Aids
Sensors In Ultrasound Imaging
Ultrasound Imaging Modes
Ultrasound Transducers And Arrays
Doppler-Sonography For Blood Flow Measurements
Detectors In Radiology
X-Ray Imaging With Sensors
X-Ray Sensors In Computer Tomography
Detectors In Nuclear Radiology
Other Applications Of Nuclear Detectors
Biomedical Applications Of Magnetic Field Sensors
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Sensors For Recording Biomagnetism
Magnetic Backprojection Imaging
Further Applications Of Physical Sensors
Electrodynamic Sensors For Blood Flow-Rate
Sensors In Ophthalmoscopy
Artificial Retina
Tactile Sensors For Artificial Limbs
Pick-Ups For Bioelectrical Measurements
Microwave Tomography
Sensors For Measuring Chemical Quantities In Biomedicine
Sensors For Monitoring Blood Gases And Ph
Operation Principles Of Electrochemical Cells
Invasive Electrochemical Sensors
Transcutaneous Electrochemical Sensors
Optical Fiber Sensors
Other Techniques
Combined Sensors
Optical Oximetry
Theoretical Bases Of Blood Oximetry
Invasive Oximetry
Non-Invasive Ear-Oximetry
Pulse Oximetry
Other Oximetry Methods
Other Applications Of Chemical Sensors
Ionic Compounds In Blood And Other Secretions
Chemical Parameters Of The Inner Eyelid
Monitoring Ph In The Gastric Acid
Measuring And Mapping Of Tissue Ph/Po2
Miscellaneous Gas Sensor Applications
Enzymatic Biosensors
Theoretical Bases
Time-Dependent And Stationary Measuring Methods
Transducer Types
Multi-Enzyme Reactions, Reagents In Enzymatic Processes
Enzyme Immobilization Techniques
Operation Characteristics
Glucose Sensors
Urea Sensors
Other Enzymatic Sensor Types
Application Perspectives Of Enzymatic Biosensors
Affinity Biosensors
Operation Principles Of Immunosensors
Indirect (Labeled) Immunosensors
Direct (Non-Labeled) Immunosensors
Living Biosensors
Microbial Biosensors
Tissue-Based Sensors
Neuronal Biosensors
Direct Methods For Monitoring Bioactive Compounds
Direct Electrochemical Sensing Of Glucose
Direct Optical Approaches
Infrared Spectroscopy
Biocompatibility Of Sensors
Summary, Future Trends
Glossary Of The Often Used Acronyms
About The Author

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"For scientists, engineers, and manufacturers involved in developing, designing, and applying biomedical sensors… surveys sensors that have existing and potential applications in biomedicine."
-Sci Tech Book News, Vol. 25, No. 3, September 2001