1st Edition

Sensors in Biomedical Applications Fundamentals, Technology and Applications

By Gabor Harsanyi Copyright 2000

    While most books contain some information on related sensors topics, they are limited in their scope on biomedical sensors. Sensors in Biomedical Applications: Fundamentals, Design, Technology and Applications is the first systematized book to concentrate on all available and potential sensor devices of biomedical applications!

    Sensors in Biomedical Applications presents information on sensor types in a comprehensive and easy to understand format. The first four chapters concentrate on the basics, lending an understanding to operation and design principles of sensor elements. Introduced are sections on: basic terms, sensor technologies, sensor structure and sensing effects. The next three chapters describe application possibilities: physical sensors, sensors for measuring chemical qualities and biosensors. Finally, a chapter covers biocompatability, in addition to an appendix and glossary.

    Sensors in Biomedical Applications is the definitive reference book for a broad audience. All physicists, chemists and biologists interested in the chemical basis and effects of sensors will find this work invaluable. Biomedical engineers and sensor specialists will find the text useful in its pointed analysis of special design, processing and application problems. Physicians practicing with diagnostic tools will want to see the possibilities and limits of biomedical sensors. Finally, students of all of the above areas who wish to learn more about the basics of biomedical sensors need to have this book.

    Sensors And Their Characteristics
    Integrated And Smart Sensors: Up-To-Date Requirements
    Special Requirements Of Biomedical Applications
    Sensor Technologies
    Monolithic Semiconductor Technologies
    Thin- And Thick-Film Technologies
    Processing Of Polymer Films
    Optical-Fiber Technologies
    Basic Sensor Structures
    Impedance-Type Structures
    Semiconductor Devices As Sensors
    Sensors Based On Acoustic-Wave Propagation
    Calorimetric Sensors
    Electrochemical Cells As Sensors
    Potentiometric Sensors
    Amperometric Sensors
    Other Types Of Electrochemical Measurements
    Sensors With Optical Waveguides
    Sensing Effects
    Thermoresistive Effects
    Thermoelectric Effect
    Other Thermoeffects Used In Sensors
    Piezoelectric Effect
    Electrets In Capacitive Transducers
    Pyroelectric Effect
    Piezoresistive Effect
    Hall Effect
    Further Effects For Sensing Magnetic Field
    Superconductor Quantum Interference Device (Squid)
    Radiation Induced Effects And Related Sensor Structures
    Adsorption And Absorption Of Chemical Species
    Selective Molecular Receptors
    Permeation Through Membranes
    Ion-Selective Membranes
    Chemical-Optical Transduction Effects
    Physical Sensors And Their Application In Biomedicine
    Measuring Temperature
    Measuring Core Temperature
    Surface Temperature Mapping
    Invasive Temperature Measurements
    Other Applications Of Temperature Sensors
    Skin Blood Flow Sensor
    Hot-Film Anemometry For Measuring Blood Flow
    Respiratory Flow Monitoring By Hot-Film Anemometry
    Mechanical Sensors In Biomedicine
    Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurements
    Invasive Blood Pressure Sensors
    Mechanical Sensors In Spirometry
    Sensors For Pressure Pulses And Movement
    Measuring Internal Ocular Pressure
    Acoustic Sensors In Hearing Aids
    Sensors In Ultrasound Imaging
    Ultrasound Imaging Modes
    Ultrasound Transducers And Arrays
    Doppler-Sonography For Blood Flow Measurements
    Detectors In Radiology
    X-Ray Imaging With Sensors
    X-Ray Sensors In Computer Tomography
    Detectors In Nuclear Radiology
    Other Applications Of Nuclear Detectors
    Biomedical Applications Of Magnetic Field Sensors
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    Sensors For Recording Biomagnetism
    Magnetic Backprojection Imaging
    Further Applications Of Physical Sensors
    Electrodynamic Sensors For Blood Flow-Rate
    Sensors In Ophthalmoscopy
    Artificial Retina
    Tactile Sensors For Artificial Limbs
    Pick-Ups For Bioelectrical Measurements
    Microwave Tomography
    Sensors For Measuring Chemical Quantities In Biomedicine
    Sensors For Monitoring Blood Gases And Ph
    Operation Principles Of Electrochemical Cells
    Invasive Electrochemical Sensors
    Transcutaneous Electrochemical Sensors
    Optical Fiber Sensors
    Other Techniques
    Combined Sensors
    Optical Oximetry
    Theoretical Bases Of Blood Oximetry
    Invasive Oximetry
    Non-Invasive Ear-Oximetry
    Pulse Oximetry
    Other Oximetry Methods
    Other Applications Of Chemical Sensors
    Ionic Compounds In Blood And Other Secretions
    Chemical Parameters Of The Inner Eyelid
    Monitoring Ph In The Gastric Acid
    Measuring And Mapping Of Tissue Ph/Po2
    Miscellaneous Gas Sensor Applications
    Enzymatic Biosensors
    Theoretical Bases
    Time-Dependent And Stationary Measuring Methods
    Transducer Types
    Multi-Enzyme Reactions, Reagents In Enzymatic Processes
    Enzyme Immobilization Techniques
    Operation Characteristics
    Glucose Sensors
    Urea Sensors
    Other Enzymatic Sensor Types
    Application Perspectives Of Enzymatic Biosensors
    Affinity Biosensors
    Operation Principles Of Immunosensors
    Indirect (Labeled) Immunosensors
    Direct (Non-Labeled) Immunosensors
    Living Biosensors
    Microbial Biosensors
    Tissue-Based Sensors
    Neuronal Biosensors
    Direct Methods For Monitoring Bioactive Compounds
    Direct Electrochemical Sensing Of Glucose
    Direct Optical Approaches
    Infrared Spectroscopy
    Biocompatibility Of Sensors
    Summary, Future Trends
    Glossary Of The Often Used Acronyms
    About The Author


    Gabor Harsanyi

    "For scientists, engineers, and manufacturers involved in developing, designing, and applying biomedical sensors… surveys sensors that have existing and potential applications in biomedicine."
    -Sci Tech Book News, Vol. 25, No. 3, September 2001