Settlement and Crusade in the Thirteenth Century sheds new light on formerly less explored aspects of the crusading movement and the Latin East during the thirteenth century.
In commemoration of the 800th anniversary of the construction of 'Atlit Castle, a significant section of this volume is dedicated to the castle, which was one of the most impressive built in the Latin East. Scholarly debate has centred on the reasons behind the construction of the castle, its role in the defence of the Kingdom of Jerusalem during the thirteenth century, and its significance for the Templar order. The studies in this volume shed new light on diverse aspects of the site, including its cemetery and the surveys conducted there. Further chapters examine Cyprus during the thirteenth century, which under the Lusignan dynasty was an important centre of Latin settlement in the East, and a major trade centre. These chapters present new contributions regarding the complex visual culture which developed on the island, the relation between different social groups, and settlement patterns.
Adopting a multidisciplinary approach, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of the medieval period, as well as those interested in the Crusades, archaeology, material culture, and art history.
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Latin Kingdom in the 13th Century
1. On Some Characteristics of the Second Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1191-1291
Benjamin Z. Kedar
2. The statutes of the Italian brotherhood of the Holy Spirit in Acre: ‘Italian’ interactions between East and West during the fifth crusade
3. "Make Camp, Lord Brothers, on behalf of God": First Archaeological Evidence for Encampments in the Latin East, Excavated in the Spring of Saforie
Rafael Lewis, Nimrod Getzov and Ianir Milevsky
4. Ex Mari Lux or the Development of the Naval Siege Warfare in the Crusading Levant
Part 2: ‘Atlit Castle
5. The Templars and ‘Atlit
6. ‘Atlit Castle Surveys: Charters vs. the Archaeological Evidence
7. Medieval ‘Atlit in the Historiography of Incarceration
8. The Medieval Cemetery of ‘Atlit: Historiography and New Archaeological Data (2014-2019)
Part 3: Cyprus under the Lusignans
9. Towards a history of thirteenth-century gothic in the Latin East
10. Limassol from 1191 to 1300: Its Importance in the Context of Crusades, Trade and Settlement
11. Arab Christian refugees in Lusignan Cyprus during the thirteenth century: Pictorial impact and evidence
12. The Predicaments of Aimery de Lusignan: Baronial Factionalism and the Consolidation of Power in the Kingdoms of Jerusalem and Cyprus, 1197-1205
Part 4: Literary and Textual Traditions
13. The Charters of the Fifth Crusade Revisited
Thomas W. Smith
14. "Por Ce Qu'i Mielz L’Eentendent Qui Ne Sunt Letree": Translating the Story of the First Crusade
Part 5: The Latin East and the West in the 13th Century
15. Biebelried near Würzburg: A Thirteenth-Century Hospitaller Castle in Franconia and its Contexts
16. Echoes of the Latin East among the Hospitallers of the West: The Priory of St Gilles, c.1260–c.1300
17. Thinking about the Holy Land and Crusading in the Crown of Aragon and Navarre (Thirteenth Century)
Maria Bonet and Julia Pavón
18. The Babenberg Dukes of Austria – Crusaders 'par excellence'
19. Eberhard of Sayn: The Teutonic Grand Commander and his Contribution to the Military Order's Position in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
Gil Fishhof teaches medieval and crusader art history at the University of Haifa. He specialises in French Romanesque art and crusader art.
Judith Bronstein teaches medieval history at the University of Haifa. Her research focuses on the military orders, the Latin East, and modern perceptions of the Crusades.
Vardit Shotten-Hallel is an archaeologist at the Archaeological Research Department, Israel Antiquities Authority. Her research focuses on various aspects of architecture in the Middle Ages. She is founder and director of ‘Atlit Castle Project.