Sexual violence against men is an under-theorised and under-noticed topic, though it is becoming increasingly apparent that this form of violence is widespread. Yet despite emerging evidence documenting its incidence, especially in conflict and post-conflict zones, efforts to understand its causes and develop strategies to reduce it are hampered by a dearth of theoretical engagement. One of the reasons that might explain its empirical invisibility and theoretical vacuity is its complicated relationship with sexual violence against women. The latter is evident empirically, theoretically, and politically, but the relationship between these violences conjures a range of complex and controversial questions about the ways they might be different, and why and how these differences matter.
It is the case that sexual violence (when noticed at all) has historically been understood to happen largely, if not only, to women, allegedly because of their gender and their ensuing place in gender orders. This begs important questions regarding the impact of increasing knowledge about sexual violence against men, including the impact on resources, on understandings about, and experiences of masculinity, and whether the idea and practice of gender hierarchy is outdated. This book engages this diverse set of questions and offers fresh analysis on the incidences of sexual violence against men using both new and existing data. Additionally, the authors pay close attention to some of the controversial debates in the context of sexual violence against men, revisiting and asking new questions about the vexed issue of masculinities and related theories of gender hierarchy.
The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of sex, gender, masculinities, corporeality, violence, and global politics, as well as to practitioners and activists.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION - Sexual Violence Against Men in Global Politics "Tribulations" SECTION 1: PROVOCATIONS 1 – Provocations in Debates about Sexual Violence against Men 2 – Battle-Induced Urotrauma, Sexual Violence, and American Servicemen 3 – Masculinity, Men and Sexual Violence in the U.S. Military 4 – Languages of Castration – Male genital mutilation in conflict and its embedded messages 5 – Medical Approaches to Sexual Violence in War, in Guidelines and in Practice 6 – The Political Economy of Sexual Violence Against Men and Boys in Armed Conflict Reflections Reflections on Sexual Violence Against Men and Boys in Global Politics Homo Interruptus Can Our Intellectual Curiosity on Gender Cause Harm? Gender, Sex and Sexual Violence Against Men Not for the faint of heart: reflections on rape, gender, and conflict SECTION 2: FRAMING 7 – Uncovering Men’s Narratives of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence 8 – Sex, Violence and Heteronormativity: Re-visiting performances of sexual violence against men in former Yugoslavia 9 – "Only a fool…" Why Men Don’t Disclose Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in an Age of Global Media 10 – Masculine subjectivities in United Nations discourse on gender violence (1970-2015): perpetrators, allies, and victims 11 – Sexual Violence or torture? The Framing of Sexual Violence against Men in armed conflict in Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch Reports 12 – Conflict-related Sexual Violence Against Men and the International Criminal Jurisprudence Reflections Familiar Stories, the Policing of Knowledge and Other Challenges Ahead Reflections on the Slippery Politics of Framing Male Victims: A blind spot in law Sexual Violence Against Men and Boys in the Congo SGBV Against Men and Boys as a Site of Theoretical and Political Contestation "People you May Know" – Poem by Kevin Kantor
Marysia Zalewski is Professor at Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom.
Paula Drumond is Assistant Professor, Institute of International Relations at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (IRI/PUC-Rio), Brazil.
Elisabeth Prügl is Professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland.
Maria Stern is Professor at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.