Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies
International Agendas and African Contexts
This book brings together a unique blend of researchers, civil society and community activists all working on different aspects of conflict sexual violence on the African continent. The contributions included here offer a detailed reading of the social and political climate within which some patterns of sexual violence unfold, and the increased policy and institutional responses shaping post-conflict environments. The chapters are organized around three main themes: the continuities between conflict sexual violence and post-conflict insecurity; the troubling category of "victim" and its representation in post-conflict settings; and the international contexts – such as international programming, aid and justice interventions – that shape how conflict sexual violence is addressed. The authors come to the topic from various academic disciplines - anthropology, gender studies, law, and psychology - and from different non-academic contexts, including civil society organizations in affected regions, and policy and activist organizations in the Global North. Collectively the chapters in this volume offer complex and detailed analysis of some of the debates and dynamics shaping contemporary understandings of conflict sexual violence, highlighting, in turn, new insights and emerging topics on which further research and advocacy is needed.
Table of Contents
Preface: On the Duty to Face Sexual Violence and Conflict The Honourable Michaëlle Jean. Acknowledgments. Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies: Situating International Agendas and their African Contexts 1. Seeing Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Societies: The Limits of Visibility Doris Buss 2. The Political Economy of War: What Women Need to Know Meredeth Turshen Sexual Violence and Conflict: Civil Society Perspectives on Patterns, Causes and Solutions 3. Sexual Violence Patterns, Causes, and Possible Solutions: An Interview with Kudakwshe Chitsike, Research and Advocacy Unit, Zimbabwe and Jessica Nkuuhe, Independent Consultant, Uganda Doris Buss 4. Sexual Violence Patterns, Causes, and Possible Solutions: An Interview with Julienne Lusenge, Solidarité Féminine pour la Paix Intégrale (SOFEPADI), Democratic Republic of Congo Sexual Violence and Harm: From Conflict to Post-Conflict Societies 5. Gendered Insecurity and the Enduring Impacts of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) in Northern Uganda Rebecca Tiessen and Lahoma Thomas 6. Through War to Peace: Sexual Violence and Adolescent Girls Donna Sharkey 7. Ritual and Reintegration of Young Women Formerly Abducted as Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda Christine Mbabazi Mpyangu 8. Considering Gender Relations and Culture in the Psychosocial Adaptation of Individuals and Communities Affected by Sexualised Violence in African Conflicts Sophie C. Yohani Representing Harms and the Trouble with (Victim) Categories 9. Sexual Violence, Female Agencies, and Sexual Consent: Complexities of Sexual Violence in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide Jennie E. Burnet 10. The Representation of Rape by the Special Court for Sierra Leone Valerie Oosterveld 11. Justice and Reparations for Rwanda’s Enfants Mauvais Souvenirs Sandra Le Courtois 12. On Transitional Justice Entrepreneurs and the Production of Victims Tshepo Madlingozi The Gender of Security 13. A Gendered Reading of Security and Security Reform in Post Conflict Societies Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, Naomi Cahn and Dina Haynes 14. Security Sector Reform in Africa: A Lost Opportunity to Deconstruct Militarised Masculinities? Yaliwe Clarke 15. Women Peacekeepers and UNPOL Officers in the Fight Against Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Post-Conflict Zones Sophie Toupin Post-Conflict Development and International Agendas 16. Development and Its Discontents: Ending Violence Against Women in Post-Conflict Liberia Pamela Scully 17. International Assistance to Combat Sexual Violence in the Congo: Placing Congolese Women at the Heart of the Process! Denis Tougas
Doris Buss is an associate professor in the Department of Law and Legal Studies at Carleton University.
Joanne Lebert is the Director of the Great Lakes Programme for Partnership Africa Canada.
Blair Rutherford is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Institute of African Studies at Carleton University in Ottawa.
Donna Sharkey’s research examines the effects of education on girls and young women in conflict and post-conflict societies and explores coping mechanisms and resilience enhancing strategies among girls and women in these settings.
Obijiofor Aginam is Senior Research Fellow and Head of Governance for Global Health program in the United Nations University-International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and concurrently Adjunct Research Professor of Law at Carleton University, Ottawa, and Visiting Professor at the University of Tokyo.