This volume seeks to unravel and contextualize the so-called dichotomy of ‘old’ and ‘new’ India and what binds them together. To understand this complex process, it attempts to apply a long-term historical perspective, a different conception of the economy and cross-disciplinary approaches.
The exceptional feature of this volume is the large historical canvas of essays and its sensitivity to the regional dimension in a country as large and diverse as India. They deal with issues ranging from land and agriculture, entrepreneurship, industry and demographic trends to a critical anatomy of modern Indian economic historiography. Together these essays contribute in providing significantly new and enriching insights into the complex process of transition from colonial to post-colonial economic development. There has been a conscious effort in most cases to capture the influence of the colonial economic structures and processes in shaping the trajectory of growth and development in the post-independence period. Drawing upon a large amount of extremely rich and varied data and information on the socio-economic trends, the book is lucid, well-crafted and reader-friendly.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations -- List of Tables -- List of Figures -- Preface -- Introduction -- Paradox of Development/Rising Growth and Disparity/Decline of Agriculture/Poverty Reduction/History and -- Part I Land and Agriculture -- 1. Evolution of Land Rights in India/S. Neelakantan -- 2. Structural Changes in Land Distribution and Their Implications for Improving Access to Land/K. N. Nair and Arindam Banerjee -- 3. Changing Agrarian Structure in India: Reflections on Pre-independence Ideology and Post-independence Reality/A. Vaidyanathan -- 4. Population Pressure and Labour Intensification: An Indian Historical Perspective/N. Krishnaji -- 5. Institutional Strangleholds: Agricultural Science and the State in India/Rajeswari S. Raina -- Part II Entrepreneurship and Industry -- 6. Revisiting Indian Capitalists in Colonial India: Some Critical Reflections/Raman Mahadevan -- 7. From Merchants to Multi-national Enterprises: European Trading Firms in South India’s Plantation Sector/Tharian George K. -- 8. Fiat or Trust? A Story of Indian Banking (1857–2007) with a Regional Perspective/D. Narayana -- 9. Six Decades of Industrial Development: Growth of the Manufacturing Sector in India from the 1940s/C. P. Chandrasekhar -- Part III Demographic Trends -- 10. Fertility in India since Independence: An Overview/K. Srinivasan -- 11. Mortality Trends and Patterns in India: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives/K. Navaneetham and C. S. Krishnakumar -- 12. A Long Haul: Revisiting International Migration from India during the 19th and 20th Centuries/S. Irudaya Rajan and Prabhat Kumar -- Part IV A Critical Theoretical Perspective -- 13. Pathways to India’s Economic Past/K. T. Rammohan -- About the Editors -- Notes on Contributors -- Index.
D. Narayana is Reserve Bank of India Chair Professor at Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
Raman Mahadevan is Professor, Institute of Development Alternatives, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.