Sharks and Their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation (Hardback) book cover

Sharks and Their Relatives II

Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation

Edited by Jeffrey C. Carrier, John A. Musick, Michael R. Heithaus

CRC Press

746 pages | 107 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2010-03-09
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Description

Since the award-winning first volume, The Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, published in 2004, the field has witnessed tremendous developments in research, rapid advances in technology, and the emergence of new investigators beginning to explore issues of biodiversity, distribution, physiology, and ecology in ways that eluded more traditional studies. As an entirely new companion volume, Sharks and Their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation brings you up to speed on these significant changes, specifically examining how elasmobranch fishes – the sharks, skates, rays, and chimaeras – successfully survive in a wide range of habitats.

Emphasizes Conservation of Threatened Species

This multidisciplinary volume begins by examining elasmobranch biodiversity patterns and their integrated sensory systems. It then explores the physiological adaptations – from unique sensory modalities to compensatory mechanisms for physiological and environmental stress – that make these animals particularly well-suited for the range of habitats where they are found, in both oceanic and freshwater realms.

Features Established Researchers and Introduces New Pioneers in the Field

The book then considers the human interactions and anthropogenic effects on worldwide elasmobranch populations and the potential extinction risks posed by increasing threats from changes in habitat, changes in water chemistry, and growing commercial exploitation. This text truly is unrivaled in terms of coverage and readability, and it is a must-have reference for marine biologists, fishery scientists, oceanographers, and also marine, zoo, and aquarium veterinarians.

To address subject areas and subdisciplines where coverage was absent or superficial in volume one, Jeffrey Carrier and associates have assembled in the current volume a collection of works that reveal patterns of biodiversity, the physiological attributes that contribute to elasmobranchs’ successful exploitation of oceanic and freshwater realms, and the unique issues associated with the interaction between elasmobranchs and humans, all of this with overarching attention to issues of conservation.

"We begin with chapters examining biodiversity. We have chosen to approach this discussion by presenting elasmobranchs as inhabitants of the range of zoogeographic provinces, realizing that significant overlap may occur for more pelagic species. This realization was reflected in the dialogue that occurred during preparation of the book between our chapter authors, and the recognition that many species simply cannot be confined to a specific habitat or range of habitats. We then continue by examining some of the unique physiological adaptations that allow these animals to exploit the range of habitats where they are found, from unique sensory modalities to compensatory mechanisms for physiological and environmental stress.

"Our concluding section presents some of the challenges faced by members of these groups. We have asked our authors to consider human interactions and anthropogenic effects on worldwide populations and the potential extinction risks posed from survival under increasing threats from changes in habitat, changes in water chemistry, and increasing commercial exploitation. Conservation of species under threat remains a theme throughout the book.

"Our authors represent an international group of investigators including established scientists whose work has been widely published and respected, and emerging younger scientists who have exploited recent advances in technology to ask and answer new questions as well as offering new insights and interpretations to enduring problems in the fields of ecology and physiology. We have asked them to be speculative and challenging, and we have asked them to predict future areas for investigation in hopes that their work will both inspire and provoke additional studies of these fascinating animals."

- from the Preface

Table of Contents

CHONDRICHTHYAN BIODIVERSITY: ECOSYSTEMS AND DISTRIBUTION OF FAUNA

Epipelagic Oceanic Elasmobranchs

John D. Stevens

Deepwater Chondrichthyans

Peter M. Kyne and Colin A. Simpfendorfer

Chondrichthyans of High Latitude Seas

David A. Ebert and Megan V. Winton

Elasmobranchs of Tropical Marine Ecosystems

William T. White and Emma Sommerville

Biology of the South American Potamotrygonid Stingrays

Ricardo S. Rosa, Patricia Charvet-Almeida, and Carla Christie Diban Quijada

Life History Strategies of Batoids

Michael G. Frisk

ADAPTIVE PHYSIOLOGY

Ontogenetic Shifts in Movements and Habitat Use

R. Dean Grubbs

Tracking and Analysis Techniques for Understanding Free-Ranging Shark Movements and Behavior

David W. Sims

Sensory Adaptations to the Environment: Electroreceptors as a Case Study

Stephen M. Kajiura, Anthony D. Cornett, and Kara E. Yopak

Molecular Insights into Elasmobranch Reproductive Behavior for Conservation and Management

David S. Portnoy

Physiological Responses to Stress in Sharks

Gregory Skomal and Diego Bernal

Pollutant Exposure and Effects in Sharks and Their Relatives

James Gelsleichter and Christina J. Walker

CONSERVATION

Factors Contributing to Shark Attacks on Humans: A Volusia County, Florida, Case Study

George H. Burgess, Robert H. Buch, Felipe Carvalho, Brittany A. Garner, and Christina J. Walker

Shark Control: Methods, Efficacy, and Ecological Impact

Sheldon F.J. Dudley and Geremy Cliff

DNA Forensic Applications in Shark Management and Conservation

Mahmood S. Shivji

Unraveling the Ecological Importance of Elasmobranchs

Michael R. Heithaus, Alejandro Frid, Jeremy J. Vaudo, Boris Worm, and Aaron J. Wirsing

Life Histories, Population Dynamics, and Extinction Risks in Chondrichthyans

Nicholas K. Dulvy and Robyn E. Forrest

About the Editor

Under the editorial guidance of Jeffrey C. Carrier, Ph.D., John A. (Jack) Musick, Ph.D., and Michael R. Heithaus, Ph.D., this book includes much of the team’s original research along with keen insights from their combined nearly 80 years of teaching in higher academia. Dr. Carrier’s current research is focused on the reproductive biology and mating behaviors of nurse sharks in a long-term study from an isolated region of the Florida Keys. Dr. Musick has published more than 150 scientific papers and co-authored or edited 16 books focused on the ecology and conservation of sharks, other marine fishes, and sea turtles. Dr. Musick served as co-chair of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group for nine years, and is currently the vice chair for science. Dr. Heithaus’ current work is centered on predator–prey interactions and the factors influencing behavioral decisions, especially of large marine taxa including marine mammals, sharks and rays, and sea turtles.

About the Series

CRC Marine Biology Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT001000
NATURE / Animals / General
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology