The recent revival of interest in the Muslim world has generated numerous studies of modern Islam, most of them focusing on the Sunni majority. Shi'ism, an often stigmatized minority branch of Islam, has been discussed mainly in connection with Iran. Yet Shi'i movements have been extraordinarily effective in creating political strategies that have
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- Shi'ism, Islam, and the West -- The Shi'a in Islamic History -- Western Studies of Shi'a Islam -- Iran: Shi'ism and Revolution -- Shi'ism as Interpreted by Khomeini: An Ideology of Revolutionary Violence -- Mahmud Taleqani and the Iranian Revolution -- Islam and Social Justice in Iran -- Repetitions in the Iranian Revolution -- Iraq and the Gulf: Between Shi'ism and Arabism -- The Iraqi Shi'is and Their Fate -- The Islamic Republic's Foreign Policy in the Gulf -- Shi'i Unrest in the Gulf -- Lebanon and Syria: Protest of the Disinherited -- The Shi'is and the Lebanese State -- The Origins and Resurgence of Amal -- Lebanon's Shi'is After the 1982 War -- Syria's Alawis and Shi'ism -- South Asia: Frontier Shi'ism -- The Iranian Revolution and the Afghan Resistance -- The Shi'is of Pakistan -- Shi'i Identity and the Significance of Muharram in Lucknow, India
Martin Kramer is a historian and political analyst.