Shopping While Black: Consumer Racial Profiling in America, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Shopping While Black

Consumer Racial Profiling in America, 1st Edition

By Shaun L. Gabbidon, George E. Higgins


150 pages | 19 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9780367482244
pub: 2020-06-15
Available for pre-order. Item will ship after 15th June 2020
Hardback: 9780367483203
pub: 2020-06-15
Available for pre-order. Item will ship after 15th June 2020

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Shopping While Black: Consumer Racial Profiling in America lays out the results of nearly two decades of research on racial profiling in retail settings.

Gabbidon and Higgins address the generally neglected racial profiling that occurs in retail settings. Although there is no existing national database on shoplifting or consumer racial profiling (CRP) from which to study the problem, they survey relevant legal cases and available data sources. This problem clearly affects a large number of racial/ethnic minorities, and causes real harm to the victims, such as the emotional trauma attached to being excessively monitored in stores and, in the worst-case scenarios, falsely accused of shoplifting. Their analysis is informed by their own experience: one co-author is a former security executive for a large retailer, and both are Black men who understand firsthand the sting of being profiled because of their color. After providing an overview of the history of CRP and the official and unofficial data sources and criminological literature on this topic, they address public opinion polls, as well as the extent and impact of victimization. They also provide a review of CRP litigation, provide recommendations for retailers to reduce racial profiling, and also chart some directions for future research.  

This book is appropriate for researchers as well as advanced undergraduates and graduate students in Criminology, Black Studies, Ethnic Studies, Sociology, Security Studies, and Law programs, and will be of interest to the general reader.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Shopping While Black: An Introduction

Chapter 2. Public Opinion on Consumer Racial Profiling

Chapter 3. Consumer Racial Profiling Victimization

Chapter 4. Consumer Racial Profiling Litigation: State and Federal Case Studies


Methodological Appendix

About the Authors

Shaun L. Gabbidon, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor of Criminal Justice at Penn State Harrisburg. He has also served as a fellow at Harvard University’s W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research, and has taught at the Center for Africana Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Professor Gabbidon is the author of more than 100 scholarly publications including more than 70 peer-reviewed articles and 12 books. Professor Gabbidon can be contacted at [email protected]

George E. Higgins is Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Louisville. He received his Ph.D. in Criminology from Indiana University of Pennsylvania in 2001. Dr. Higgins is the recipient of numerous international, national, and regional awards for his scholarship and research, teaching, leadership, and service. He is the author of more than 200 scholarly publications including 200 peer-reviewed articles, and 9 books. His most recent publications appear or are forthcoming in Journal of Criminal Justice, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Justice Quarterly, Deviant Behavior, and Youth and Society.

About the Series

Criminology and Justice Studies

Criminology and Justice Studies publishes books for undergraduate and graduate courses that model the best scholarship and innovative thinking in the criminology and criminal justice field today, but in a style that connects this scholarship to a wide audience of students, researchers, and possibly the general public.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / Social Theory
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Discrimination & Race Relations
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Black Studies (Global)
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Privacy & Surveillance (see also POLITICAL SCIENCE / Privacy & Surveillance)