Sickle Cell and the Social Sciences
Health, Racism and Disablement
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a severe chronic illness and one of the world’s most common genetic conditions, with 400,000 children born annually with the disorder, mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Brazil, the Middle East and in diasporic African populations in North America and Europe. Biomedical treatments for SCD are increasingly available to the world’s affluent populations, while such medical care is available only in attenuated forms in Africa, India and to socio-economically disadvantaged groups in North America and Europe.
Often a condition rendered invisible in policy terms because of its problematic association with politically marginalized groups, the social study of sickle cell has been neglected. This illuminating volume explores the challenges and possibilities for developing a social view of sickle cell, and for improving the quality of lives of those living with SCD. Tackling the controversial role of screening and genetics in SCD, the book offers a brief thematic history of approaches to the condition, queries the role of ethnicity and includes a discussion of how the social model of disability can be applied, as well as featuring chapters focusing on athletics, prisons and schools.
Bringing together a wide range of original research conducted in the USA, the UK, Ghana and Nigeria, Sickle Cell and the Social Sciences is anchored in the discipline of sociology, but draws upon a diverse range of fields, including public health, anthropology, social policy and disability studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Sickle Cell and the Simplifications of Science 2. Why Genes are not "For" Sickle Cell 3. A Social History of Sickle Cell Part I: Sickle Cell and Malaria 4. A Social History of Sickle Cell Part II: Politics and Molecules 5. Sickle Cell and Athletes 6. Sickle Cell and Deaths in State Custody 7. Ethnicity and Sickle Cell 8. Genetic Carriers and Antenatal Screening 9. Newborn Screening 10. SCD and the Social Model of Disability 11. Sickle Cell and Social Policy: The Case of SCD and Schools Conclusion
Simon Dyson is Professor of Applied Sociology and Director of the Unit for the Social Study of Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell at De Montfort University, UK.