1st Edition

Silence and Silencing in Psychoanalysis Cultural, Clinical, and Research Perspectives

Edited By Aleksandar Dimitrijević, Michael B. Buchholz Copyright 2021
    414 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    414 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book is the first comprehensive treatment in recent decades of silence and silencing in psychoanalysis from clinical and research perspectives, as well as in philosophy, theology, linguistics, and musicology.

    The book approaches silence and silencing on three levels. First, it provides context for psychoanalytic approaches to silence through chapters about silence in phenomenology, theology, linguistics, musicology, and contemporary Western society. Its central part is devoted to the position of silence in psychoanalysis: its types and possible meanings (a form of resistance, in countertransference, the foundation for listening and further growth), based on both the work of the pioneers of psychoanalysis and on clinical case presentations. Finally, the book includes reports of conversation analytic research of silence in psychotherapeutic sessions and everyday communication. Not only are original techniques reported here for the first time, but research and clinical approaches fit together in significant ways.

    This book will be of interest to all psychologists, psychoanalysts, and social scientists, as well as applied researchers, program designers and evaluators, educators, leaders, and students. It will also provide valuable insight to anyone interested in the social practices of silence and silencing, and the roles these play in everyday social interactions.

    Table of contents

    Section I- Cultural

    Introduction to Section I

    Michael B. Buchholz & Aleksandar Dimitrijevic

     1. Silence in phenomenology: dream or nightmare?

     Donna Orange

    2. Encountering religious and spiritual silences-

    Colum Kenny

    3. Forms and Functions of Silence and Silencing. An Approach from Linguistics and Conversation Analysis with Reference to Psychotherapy

     Silvia Bonacchi

    4. The many forms of silence in music

     Helga de la Motte-Haber

    5. Silence in an Age of Distraction

    Patrick Shen

    Section II – Clinical

    Introduction to Section II

    Michael B. Buchholz & Aleksandar Dimitrijevic

     6. Cultural function and psychological transformation of silence in psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy

    Elsa Ronningstam

    7. Varieties of silence in the analytic setting

    Salman Akhtar

    8. Silence as a manifestation of resistance

     Aleksandar Dimitrijević

    9. Silence is Golden (Usually)

     Jay Frankel

    10. Winnicott’s Capacity for Silence in Understanding and Healing Human Nature

     Margaret Boyle Spelman

    11. Silence As A Condition For Analytic Listening. Site, Situation and Process

     Howard B. Levine

    12. Silence and silencing of the traumatized

     Aleksandar Dimitrijević

    Section III - Research

    Introduction to Section III

    Michael B. Buchholz & Aleksandar Dimitrijevic

     13. Measuring Silence. The Pausing Inventory Categorization System and a Review of Findings

     Heidi M. Levitt & Zenobia Morrill

    14. Pauses are Conversations. What they tell us when we listen

     Michael B. Buchholz

    15. How to move on after silences: Addressing thought processes to restart conversation

     Florian Dreyer, Michael M. Franzen

    16. The interaction order of silent moments in everyday life: Lapses as joint embodied achievements

     Anna Vatanen

    17. Speaking that silences. A single case multi-method analysis of a couple’s interview

     Michael B. Buchholz, Oliver Ehmer, Christopher Mahlstedt, Stefan Pfänder, Elke Schumann

    Concluding thoughts

    Michael B. Buchholz & Aleksandar Dimitrijevic










    Michael B. Buchholz is professor of social psychology at International Psychoanalytic University (IPU), Berlin, Germany. He is a psychologist and social scientist and a fully trained psychoanalyst. He is head of the Doctorate Program at IPU and chair of the social psychological department. He has published more than 20 books and more than 350 scientific papers on topics like analysis of therapeutic metaphors and therapeutic conversation, including the supervisory process, and he has contributed to psychoanalytic treatment technique, theory, and history. Michael has conducted conversation analytic studies on group therapy with sexual offenders about therapeutic "contact scenarios," as well as on therapeutic empathy. His current interest is the study of therapeutic talk-in-interaction using Conversation Analysis.

    Aleksandar Dimitrijević, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and psychoanalyst. He works as a lecturer at the International Psychoanalytic University and in private practice in Berlin. He has given lectures, seminars, university courses, and conference presentations throughout Europe and in the United States of America. He is author of many conceptual and empirical papers about attachment theory and research, psychoanalytic education, and psychoanalysis and the arts, some of which were translated into German, Hungarian, Italian, Slovenian, Spanish, and Turkish. He has also edited or co-edited ten other books or special journal issues, most recent of which is Ferenczi’s Influence on Contemporary Psychoanalytic Traditions (with Gabriele Cassullo and Jay Frankel, 2018).

    "This impressive edited volume significantly contributes to our knowledge of an under-investigated aspect of the talking cure. Silence, as readers will come to learn from a large cast of international experts, is not a mere absence of talk, but a resource that serves crucial interactional, therapeutic and cultural functions. This book will become essential reading for anyone wanting to know more about the importance of silence and silencing."Peter Muntigl, Simon Fraser University

    "This book contains a wealth of information about silence and silencing. It examines how psychoanalysts and psychotherapists understand their patients’ and their own silences during therapy sessions, but also the influence of culture, religion, history, and music on human behavior and communication patterns, as well as the research on short and long silences in the psychotherapeutic treatment room. I consider this publication to be a monumental textbook that peaks the reader’s knowledge of human nature and increases our awareness of therapeutic approaches to silence and silencing."

    Vamık D. Volkan, MD, emeritus professor of psychiatry, University of Virginia, and the author of Psychoanalytic Technique Expanded: A Textbook on Psychoanalytic Treatment

    "In the psychoanalytic literature, there are many papers that examine the communicative function and power of silence, yet there is no major comprehensive monographic treatment of silence. This book closes that gap. After an overview of culturally determined forms of silence, the two main sections focus on its significance in psychoanalytic treatments. The clinical perspective is complemented – and this is the special feature of this volume – by empirical studies using the method of conversation analysis, which provides results that will be inspiring for clinicians. The editors have succeeded in creating a book that shows silence as a fundamental human phenomenon, a tremendously important element of talk and interaction, and an inevitable part of psychoanalytic treatments."Werner Bohleber, PhD, former editor-in-chief of the German psychoanalytic journal Psyche