Nanoscale materials are showing great promise in various optoelectronics applications, especially the fast-developing fields of optical communication and optical computers. With silicon as the leading material for microelectronics, the integration of optical functions into silicon technology is a very important challenge. This book concentrates on the optoelectronic properties of silicon nanocrystals, associated phenomena and related topics, from basic principles to the most recent discoveries. The areas of focus include silicon-based light-emitting devices, light modulators, optical wavevguides and interconnectors, optical amplifiers and memory elements. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analyses of various properties of silicon nanocrystals, research methods and preparation techniques, and some promising applications.
Table of Contents
Silicon Nanocrystals Enabling Silicon Photonics, N Daldosso & L Pavesi
Theoretical Studies of Absorption, Emission and Gain in Silicon Nanostructures, E Degoli et al.
Computational Studies of Free-Standing Silicon Nanoclusters, O Lehtonen & D Sundholm
Optical Gain in Silicon Nanocrystal Waveguides Measured by the Variable Stripe Length Technique, H Chen et al.
Si-nc Based Light Emitters and Er Doping for Gain Materials, O Jambois et al.
Silicon Nanocrystals: Structural and Optical Properties and Device Applications, F Iacona et al.
Optical Spectroscopy of Individual Silicon Nanocrystals, J Valenta & J Linnros
Silicon Nanocrystal Memories, P Dimitrakis et al.
Engineering the Optical Response of Nanostructured Silicon, J Diener et al.
Guiding and Amplification of Light Due to Silicon Nanocrystals Embedded in Waveguides, T Ostatnický et al.
Silicon Nanocrystals in Silica: Optical Properties and Laser-Induced Thermal Effects, L Khriachtchev
Light Emission from Silicon-Rich Nitride Nanostructures, L D Negro et al.
Energy Efficiency in Silicon Photonics, B Jalali et al.
Light Emitting Defects in Ion-Irradiated Alpha-Quartz and Silicon Nanoclusters, J Keinonen et al.
Auger Processes in Silicon Nanocrystals Assemblies, D Kovalev & M Fujii
Biological Applications of Silicon Nanostructures, S M Weiss
Leonid Khriachtchev graduated from Leningrad State University, Russia, in 1981. He completed his PhD study in Quantum Electronics in 1986 and became a Senior Scientist and a group leader in 1988 at the Institute of Physics of the same university. That time, his research mainly dealt with resonant light pressure and optical pumping of the ground state of atoms in the gas phase. In 1994, he joined the University of Helsinki, Finland, and he is currently with the Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of this university. His scientific interests include experimental optical and laser spectroscopy of matrix-isolated species and nanoscale materials. He has contributed to construction of new chemical bonds, including the first argon chemical compound, HArF, and light-induced conformational changes at low temperatures. Optical and structural studies of silicon nanocrystals have been another important part of this research activity. He is the editor of the book ""Silicon Nanophotonics: Basic Principles, Present Status, and Perspectives"" (Pan Stanford Publishing, 2008). He has authored over 180 refereed articles.
"Silicon Nanophotonics, edited by Leonid Khriachtchev, is a most useful and up-to-date collection of review articles covering the various aspects of silicon-based photonics, written by leading experts in the area. Both theoretical and experimental issues of silicon nanocrystals were considered, as well as device applications in both solid-state photonics and biology. This volume is an essential read for those working to make silicon shine as optoelectronics material."
—Prof. Risto M. Nieminen, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland