In the present era, rapid industrialization and urbanization has resulted in unwanted physiological, chemical, and biological changes in the environment that have harmful effects on crop quality and productivity. This situation is further worsened by the growing demand for food due to an ever increasing population. This forces plant scientists and agronomists to look forward for alternative strategies to enhance crop production and produce safer, healthier foods. Biotic and abiotic stresses are major constraints to crop productivity and have become an important challenge to agricultural scientists and agronomists due to the fact that both stress factors considerably reduce agriculture production worldwide per year.
Silicon has various effects on plant growth and development, as well as crop yields. It increases photosynthetic activity, creates better disease resistance, reduces heavy metal toxicity, improves nutrient imbalance, and enhances drought tolerance. Silicon in Plants: Advances and Future Prospects presents the beneficial effects of silicon in improving productivity in plants and enhancing the capacity of plants to resist stresses from environmental factors. It compiles recent advances made worldwide in different leading laboratories concerning the role of silicon in plant biology in order to make these outcomes easily accessible to academicians, researchers, industrialists, and students. Nineteen chapters summarize information regarding the role of silicon in plants, their growth and development, physiological and molecular responses, and responses against the various abiotic stresses.
Table of Contents
Mechanisms of Silicon-Mediated Alleviation of Abiotic Stress in Plants: Recent Advances and Future Perspective
Denis Líška, Milan Soukup, Zuzana Lukačová, Boris Bokor, and Marek Vaculík
Role of Silicon under Nutrient Deficiency: Recent Advances and Future Perspective
Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, Fatima Akmal, Noorani Mir, Muhammad Rizwan, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Sabir, and Zahoor Ahmad
Regulatory Mechanisms by Silicon to Overcome the Salinity-Induced Imbalance of Essential Nutrient Elements
Prabhakaran Soundararajan, Abinaya Manivannan, and Byoung Ryong Jeong
Silicon: A Potential Element to Impart Resistance to Photosynthetic Machinery under Different Abiotic Stresses
Gausiya Bashri, Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Vijay Pratap Singh, Sheo Mohan Prasad, and Devendra Kumar Chauhan
Silicon and Heavy Metal Tolerance of Plants
Clístenes Williams Araújo do Nascimento and Karina Patrícia Vieira da Cunha
Silicon and Nanotechnology: Role in Agriculture and Future Perspectives
Anita Singh, Shikha Singh, and Sheo Mohan Prasad
Silicon and Floricultural Crops: Evaluation of Silicon Uptake and Deposition in Floricultural Plants
Yoo Gyeong Park, Chung Ho Ko, Sowbiya Muneer, and Byoung Ryong Jeong
Silicon and Alleviation of Salt Stress in Crop Genotypes Differing in Salt Tolerance
Muhammad Shahzad, Abdul Qadir, and Sajid Masood
Silicon-Mediated Modulations of Genes and Secondary Metabolites in Plants: A Comprehensive Overview
Abinaya Manivannan, Prabhakaran Soundararajan, and Byoung Ryong Jeong
Role of Silicon under Heavy Metal and Toxic Element Stress: An Emphasis on Root Biology
Marek Vaculík and Miroslava Vaculíková
Silicon Uptake and Translocation in Plants: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives
Anuradha Patel, Jitendra Kumar, Madhulika Singh, Vijay Pratap Singh, and Sheo Mohan Prasad
Silicon and Chromium Toxicity in Plants: An Overview
Rehan Ahmad, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Ibrahim, Muhammad Rizwan, Fakhir Hannan, Muhammad Adrees, and Muhammad Daud Khan
Role of Silicon in Plants: Present Scenario and Future Prospects
Shweta, Swati Singh, Bishwajit Kumar Kushwaha, Parvaiz Ahmad, Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Nawal Kishore Dubey, and Devendra Kumar Chauhan
Silicon and Cadmium Toxicity in Plants: An Overview
Fakhir Hannan, Shafaqat Ali, Rehan Ahmad, Muhammad Rizwan, Muhammad Iqbal, Hina Rizvi, and Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman
Roles of Silicon in Improving Drought Tolerance in Plants
Silicon Nutrition and Crop Improvement: Recent Advances and Future Perspective
Arkadiusz Artyszak and Katarzyna Kucińska
Silicon and Antioxidant Defense System against Abiotic Stresses in Plants: An Overview
Muhammad Zia-ur-Rehman, Hinnan Khalid, Fatima Akmal, Maqsooda Waqar, Muhammad Rizwan, Farooq Qayyum, and Muhammad Nadeem
Silicon Nutrition and Rice Crop Improvement in Iran: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives
Efficacy of Silicon against Aluminum Toxicity in Plants: An Overview
Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Gausiya Bashri, Shweta, Swati Singh, Parvaiz Ahmad, Vijay Pratap Singh, Sheo Mohan Prasad, Nawal Kishore Dubey, and Devendra Kumar Chauhan
Dr. Durgesh Kumar Tripathi works as a UGC Dr. D. S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellow in the Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. Dr. Tripathi earned his D. Phil. degree from D. D. Pant Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India. His main research area is Crop stress physiology, Plant biotechnology, Agro-nanotechnology, Plant molecular biology, Phytolith, and applications of Laserspectroscopy for the study of several plant materials. His research interest is to obtain novel abiotic stress tolerance mechanisms to plants. He has published more than 50 national and international research papers, review articles and several book chapters in international books. He is a life member of several academic and professional societies and an editor and reviewer of several international journals of repute.
Dr. Vijay Pratap Singh is an assistant professor, Department of Botany, Government Ramanuj Pratap Singhdev Post Graduate College, Baikunthpur, Koriya, an affiliated degree college of Sarguja University, Chhattisgarh, India. Dr. Singh earned his D. Phil. degree from the University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India, in the study of oxidative stress and antioxidant systems in some cyanobacteria simultaneously exposed to ultraviolet B and heavy metals. He has authored 49 publications, as well as editorials, in international journals of repute. His research interest is abiotic stress tolerance in cyanobacteria and plants. Dr. Singh is also an editor and reviewer of several international journals of repute.
Dr. Parvaiz Ahmad is senior assistant professor in the Department of Botany at Sri Pratap College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He completed his postgraduation in botany in 2000 from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. After earning a doctorate degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi, in 2007. His main research area is stress physiology and molecular biology. He has published more than 50 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and 35 book chapters. He is also an editor of 14 volumes (1 with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., 9 with Springer, 3 with Elsevier, and 1 with John Wiley). He is a recipient of the Junior Research Fellowship and Senior Research Fellowship by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz has been awarded the Young Scientist Award under the fast-track scheme in 2007 by the Department of Science and Technology, India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physiobiochemical responses of different agricultural and horticultural plants under environmental stress.
Prof. Devendra Kumar Chauhan is a professor in the Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India. Professor Chauhan earned his M. Sc. and D. Phil. degrees from the University of Allahabad. He has published more than 100 research papers, review articles, and book chapters in journals of national and international repute and has also published one edited book. His main research areas are agro-nanotechnology, anatomy, stress physiology, evolutionary botany, morphology, and biodiversity. Professor Chauhan is a member of the National Academy of Science, Allahabad, India, and a life member and fellow of several academic and professional societies. He is also an editor and reviewer for several international journals of repute.
Prof. Sheo Mohan Prasad is a professor in the Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India. Professor Prasad earned his academic degrees from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. He has authored more than 133 scientific publications. His main area of research is the physiology and biochemistry of plants, as well as cyanobacteria under abiotic stresses, for example, ultraviolet B, heavy metals, pesticides, temperature, salinity, and high light intensity. Professor Prasad is an editor and reviewer of several international journals of repute.