1st Edition

Simple Formal Logic With Common-Sense Symbolic Techniques

By Arnold vander Nat Copyright 2010
360 Pages
by Routledge

360 Pages
by Routledge

Also available as eBook on:

Perfect for students with no background in logic or philosophy, Simple Formal Logic provides a full system of logic adequate to handle everyday and philosophical reasoning. By keeping out artificial techniques that aren’t natural to our everyday thinking process, Simple Formal Logic trains students to think through formal logical arguments for themselves, ingraining in them the habits of sound reasoning.

Simple Formal Logic features:

• a companion website with abundant exercise worksheets, study supplements (including flashcards for symbolizations and for deduction rules), and instructor’s manual
• two levels of exercises for beginning and more advanced students
• a glossary of terms, abbreviations and symbols.

This book arose out of a popular course that the author has taught to all types of undergraduate students at Loyola University Chicago. He teaches formal logic without the artificial methods–methods that often seek to solve farfetched logical problems without any connection to everyday and philosophical argumentation. The result is a book that teaches easy and more intuitive ways of grappling with formal logic–and is intended as a rigorous yet easy-to-follow first course in logical thinking for philosophy majors and non-philosophy majors alike.

Chapter 1: Basic Logical Concepts  1.1 Introduction  1.2 Arguments  1.3 Evaluating Arguments  1.4 Classification of Sentences  1.5 Proofs, Inconclusive and Erroneous Arguments  1.6 Deductive and Inductive Validity Chapter 2: Propositional Logic  2.1 Introduction to Propositional Logic  2.2 Details about Negations  2.3 Details about Conditional Sentences  2.4 Determining the Truth-Value of Sentences  2.5 Truth-Tables to Test the Validity of Arguments  2.6 Truth-Table Tests for Other Logical Concerns  2.7 Presentation of the Rules of Deduction  2.8 Making Deductions for Arguments  2.9 Strategy in Deductions  2.10 The Rules of Conditional Proof and Indirect Proof  2.11 Further Uses of Deductions  Chapter 3: Traditional Logic  3.1 Introduction: New Perspectives  3.2 Categorical Sentences in Traditional Logic  3.3 English Variations on Categorical Forms  3.4 Venn Diagrams for Categorical Sentences  3.5 Venn Diagrams for Syllogisms and Equivalences  3.6 Equivalence Operations  3.7 Deductions in Traditional Logic  3.8 Combining Propositional Logic with Syllogistic Logic  Chapter 4: Modern Quantificational Logic  4.1 Introduction to Quantificational Logic  4.2 Types of English Simple Sentences and Other Detail  4.3 The Truth-Value of Quantificational Sentences  4.4 Deductions in Quantificational Logic  4.5 Deductions with Conditional Proof and Indirect Proof  4.6 Demonstrating Invalidity  4.7 Relational Sentences  4.8 Deductions with Relational Sentences  4.9 Working with Identities  Chapter 5: Logical Fallacies  5.1 Introduction  5.2 Fallacies of Irrelevance  5.3 Fallacies of Misconstrual  5.4 Fallacies of Presumption  Glossary and Index of Terms, List of Symbols and Abbreviation

Biography

Arnold vander Nat is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago. He has taught courses at the introductory, intermediate, and advanced levels in logic, epistemology, and early modern philosophy.

'Arnold vander Nat’s Simple Formal Logic is simply better than its closest competitors at presenting material for an undergraduate audience, new to the subject.  Its greatest merit is that it explains complex and challenging material in layman’s terms and then moves on to more technical language.  This approach makes it both highly accessible and engaging.  It’s one of the few logic textbooks that I really liked reading.'Chunghyoung Lee, California State University, Fresno, USA

'I was floored by this fabulous logic text and by the talents of its author! I tremendously enjoyed reading it, and can't wait until I can adopt it as my class text.'Michael Latzer, Gannon University, USA