The remarkable performance of the Chinese economy in the last three decades has placed China at the centre of the world stage. In 1993, China became a net importer of energy, although it was not until the early 2000s that the world began to pay more attention to China’s energy needs and its potential impact on the world. With China’s energy search occurring within a hegemonic global structure dominated by the United States, the US watches with interest as China enhances its ties with energy-rich states.
The book examines this triangular relationship and questions whether the US and China are in competition regarding access to the energy of a third state, within the context of a potential power transition. It includes case studies on China's energy relationship with countries such as Canada, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Iran, Sudan and Venezuela and aims to understand the way a rising power interacts with the existing leading power and the possible outcome of this competition. The analytical framework employed helps the reader to understand not only the nature and pattern of triangles among US, China and the Resource Rich States under ‘resource diplomacy’, but also the salient features of US-China competition around the world.
Making an impressive contribution to the literature in fields such as US-China relations, international relations, Chinese foreign policy and global energy geopolitics, this book will appeal to students and scholars of these subjects.
Table of Contents
Introduction Sino-American Energy Competition in Resource Rich States Hao Yufan and David Zweig Part I: Conceptual Frameworks 1. "Resource Diplomacy" Under Hegemony: The Triangular Nature of Sino-U.S Energy Relations David Zweig 2. China's Energy Needs and Energy Security Philip Andrews-Speed 3. US Energy Security Strategy and China’s Energy Diplomacy Mikkal Herberg Part II: US and Its Allies 4. Sweet and Sour: Sino-Saudi Crude Collaboration and US Crippled Hegemony Yitzhak Shichor 5. Resourcing Sino-Australian Relations Nicholas Thomas 6. The True North Strong and Full of Energy: China’s Resource Diplomacy and Canada-US Relations Wenran Jiang and David Zweig Part III: America’s Neutrals 7. Angolan Agency and Chinese and US Oil Politics (1975-2014) Alex Vines 8. Triangular or Parallel? China’s Relations with Nigeria and the American Context Ian Taylor 9. Perspectives and limits on Sino-US competition: the Kazakhstan case study Sébastien Peyrouse 10. The Impact of Brazil’s Expanding Hydrocarbon Reserves on its Relations with the U.S. and the PRC Susana Moreira Part IV: America’s "Pariahs" and China’s Energy Supply 11. The U.S. Factor in Sino-Iranian Energy Relations John W. Garver 12. The Case of Darfur: Diplomacy under influence of Sino-U.S. Resource Rivalry Sonja Regler13. Resource Diplomacy under Hegemony: The Peculiar Case of Venezuela under the Bolivarian Revolution Cynthia Watson 14. Conclusion: China's "Energy Anxiety" David Zweig
David Zweig is Chair Professor, Division of Social Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and Director of the Center on China’s Transnational Relations. He is Senior Research Fellow of the Asia-Pacific Foundation, Vancouver, Canada, and Associate Chairman, Center on China and Globalization, Beijing, China. His widely known works include Internationalizing China: domestic interests and global linkages (2002).
Yufan Hao is Chair Professor of Political Science and Dean of Faculty of Social Sciences at University of Macau. He has written and edited 24 books and monographs, and authored more than 50 journal articles and book chapters on Chinese politics, Chinese foreign relations, U.S.-China relations, and Macao Studies.
"The China-US triangular energy partnership explored here is a concept which expands our conventional wisdom of the bilateral relations between the two powers, and their interactions with other countries: issues which respectively we have to tackle today and tomorrow. "
Xiaojie Xu, World Energy China Outlook, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
"David Zweig and Yufan Hao are to be congratulated for conceptualizing this important book on an understudied but key aspect of US-China relations, and they have assembled a top-flight group of expert contributors. The volume is filled with important data and insights and is further evidence of the truly global nature of Sino-American relations today. This volume should be carefully read not only by scholars, but also by energy industry practitioners."
David Shambaugh, George Washington University & The Brookings Institution, USA
"Sino-U.S. Energy Triangles examines the international political consequences of China’s growing presence in the economies and politics of resource rich exporting countries. With the rise of China, the country’s growing reliance on imported energy resources is increasingly important for international politics and U.S.-China relations. The contributors are all specialists in their fields and they address Chinese activity in those countries most important to the international politics of energy. Sino-U.S. Energy Triangles makes a valuable contribution to the literature on the rise of China, China’s growing importance in international energy politics, and international politics of international energy resource completion."
Robert Ross, Harvard University, USA