Sintering of Ceramics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Sintering of Ceramics

1st Edition

By Mohamed N. Rahaman

CRC Press

388 pages | 311 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-07-06
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Sintering of Ceramics provides the only comprehensive treatment of the theories and principles of sintering and their application to the production of advanced ceramics with the required target microstructure. Stemming from the author’s bestselling text, Ceramic Processing and Sintering, this book includes additional material selected from many sources, providing a single comprehensive volume of all aspects of sintering theory and practice. While the emphasis is on the sintering of ceramics, the book is also useful for the sintering of metals and other materials because of the comprehensive treatment.

Starting with a review of sintering fundamentals such as diffusion and defect chemistry, the book continues with a detailed treatment of solid-state sintering, viscous sintering of amorphous materials, grain growth and microstructural evolution in solid-state materials, and liquid-phase sintering. Special topics include sintering difficulties such as constrained sintering of composites, adherent thin films, and multilayers; solid solution additives and their role in microstructure control, morphological stability of continuous phases and thin films; and sintering with concurrent reaction or crystallization. The treatment concludes with coverage of practical methods for improving sintering techniques, the effects of process variables on sintering behavior, and applications of sintering to the development of advanced ceramics.

Sintering of Ceramics provides an up-to-date text for a senior undergraduate, introductory graduate, or continuing education course in sintering, as well as an ideal reference text for scientists and engineers involved in the research, development, and manufacture of ceramics or powder metallurgy products.


"This is very well-organized, very well-illustrated and accessible."

– In Book News, December 2007

Table of Contents

Sintering of Ceramics: Fundamentals

The Sintering Process

Driving Force for Sintering

Defects in Crystalline Solids

Diffusion in Crystalline Solids

The Chemical Potential

Diffusional Flux Equations

Diffusion in Ionic Crystals: Ambipolar Diffusion

Solid-State and Viscous Sintering

Mechanisms of Sintering

Effects of Grain Boundaries

Theoretical Analysis of Sintering

Herring’s Scaling Law

Analytical Models

Numerical Simulation of Sintering

Phenomenological Sintering Equations

Sintering Diagrams

Sintering with an Externally Applied Pressure

Stress Intensification Factor and Sintering Stress

Alternative Derivation of the Sintering Equations

Grain Growth and Microstructure Control

General Features of Grain Growth

Ostwald Ripening

Topological and Interfacial Tension Requirements

Normal Grain Growth in Dense Solids

Abnormal Grain Growth in Dense Solids

Grain Growth in Thin Films

Mechanisms Controlling the Boundary Mobility

Grain Growth and Pore Evolution in Porous Solids

Simultaneous Densification and Grain Growth

Fabrication Principles for Ceramics with Controlled Microstructure

Liquid-Phase Sintering

Elementary Features of Liquid-Phase Sintering

Stages of Liquid-Phase Sintering

Grain Boundary Films

The Basic Mechanisms of Liquid-Phase Sintering

Numerical Modeling of Liquid-Phase Sintering

Hot Pressing with a Liquid Phase

Use of Phase Diagrams in Liquid-Phase Sintering

Activated Sintering


Special Topics in Sintering

Inhomogeneities and their Effects on Sintering

Constrained Sintering I: Rigid Inclusions

Constrained Sintering II: Adherent Thin Films

Constrained Sintering III: Multilayers

Constitutive Models for Porous Sintering Materials

Morphological Stability of Continuous Phases

Solid Solution Additives and the Sintering of Ceramics

Sintering with Chemical Reaction: Reaction Sintering

Viscous Sintering with Crystallization

Sintering Process Variables and Sintering Practice

Sintering Measurement Techniques

Conventional Sintering

Microwave Sintering

Pressure-Assisted Sintering

Appendix A

Physical Constants

Appendix B

SI Units – Names and Symbols

Appendix C

Conversion of Units

Appendix D

Ionic Crystal Radii (in units of 10–10m)

Appendix E

Density and Melting Point of Some Elements and Ceramics

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: