© 2014 – Routledge
232 pages | 40 B/W Illus.
For centuries, criminologists have looked for scientific ways to study, understand, and ultimately prevent crime. In this volume, a unique offense, poaching, is explored in various contexts to determine what opportunity structures favor this crime and how situational crime prevention may reduce its prevalence. The data sources used range from publically available secondary data about animal populations, to interviews with hunters, to actual law enforcement data collected inside protected areas. Various methods are utilized to look for patterns in poaching behaviour regarding where poachers strike, which species they target and their modus operandi.
Collectively, the volume shows that principles of criminal opportunity theory and situational crime prevention are useful for studying and preventing poaching in a variety of contexts. The methods employed by each chapter are easily replicated and meant to stimulate empirical poaching research where data is available. While the theoretical grounding of this volume is drawn from criminology, it is written for a broad audience of academics, practitioners and those interested in wildlife conservation.
'Andrew Lemieux once said to me that animals don't vote. That is why it falls to those who care about the diversity of the animal population and the future of this planet to prevent the crimes that are so well documented in this book. To ignore its content and the exciting, preventative ideas that are offered is to do a huge disservice to our children. I recommend the book as an inspiring publication, which I hope will lay the foundation for more to come.' - Gloria Laycock, Professor of Crime Science, University College London, UK
'Poaching is a crime with global and historical repercussions. This important and timely book, written by some of the most influential scholars in the field, fills a critical void in the criminology and crime prevention literature.' - D. Kim Rossmo, School of Criminal Justice, Texas State University, USA
'Andrew Lemieux’s Situational Prevention of Poaching is a marvellous book. Its internationally respected contributors go far beyond lamenting the impact of poaching on our wildlife. They show with rigorous research why this is happening, and as important, they show how practical steps can be taken to stop it. Anyone – wildlife manager, conservation official, policy maker, researcher, student, or informed citizen – concerned with the protection of wildlife must read this book.' - John E. Eck, Professor, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, USA
‘This volume represents the first step in establishing the criminology of poaching and its prevention. It is remarkable for its multi-faceted treatment - including various actors, diverse disciplinary approaches, and a range of poaching operations - of an important but neglected problem. This work will be influential for many years.' - Michael Townsley, Senior Lecturer, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Australia
1. Introduction, AM Lemieux 2.Rhino Poaching in Kruger National Park, South Africa: Aligning Analysis, Technology and Prevention, Corné Eloff and AM Lemieux 3. Does Opportunity Make the Poacher?: An Analysis of Neo-Tropical Illicit Parrot Markets, Stephen Pires and Rob T. Guerette 4. Can the Problem Analysis Module (PAM) Help Us Imagine New Preventative Solutions to a Specific Tiger Poaching Issue?, Jennifer Mailley 5. Law Enforcement Monitoring in Uganda: The Utility of Official Data and Time/Distance-Based Ranger Efficiency Measures, William D. Moreto, AM Lemieux, A. Rwetsiba, N. Guma, M. Driciru and H. Kulu Kirya 6. Tracking Poachers in Uganda: Spatial Models of Patrol Intensity and Patrol Efficiency, AM Lemieux, Wim Bernasco, A. Rwetsiba, N. Guma, M. Driciru and H. Kulu Kirya 7. Potential Uses of Computer Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in the Evaluation of Wildlife Poaching, Joanna F. Hill, Shane D. Johnson and Hervé Borrion 8. Poaching and Tiger Populations in Indian Reserves, Jeong Hyun Kim, Ronald V. Clarke and Joel Miller 9. Eyes on the Forest: CCTV and Ecotourism in Indian Tiger Reserves, Ronald V Clarke, Kevin Chetty and Mangai Natarajan.
Crime science is a new way of thinking about and responding to the problem of crime in society. First, crime science is about crime. Instead of the usual focus in criminology on the characteristics of the criminal offender, crime science is concerned with the characteristics of the criminal event. Second, crime science is about science, advocating an evidence-based, problem-solving approach to crime control. Crime scientists actively engage with front-line criminal justice practitioners to reduce crime by making it more difficult for individuals to offend, and making it more likely that they will be detected if they do offend
The Crime Science series is utilitarian in its orientation and multidisciplinary in its foundations, drawing on disciplines from both the social and physical sciences, including criminology, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, architecture, industrial design, epidemiology, computer science, mathematics, engineering, and biology.