This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Providing a nuanced study of the connections between sleep, circadian rhythms, and metabolis, this informative book examines how circadian actions affect the liver and adipose tissue, the brain, and metabolism. This important book introduces the reader to circadian rhythms in the body and the external cues that set them, discusses on a molecular and organ level how disrupting these clocks results in metabolic and sleep disorders, and looks at the clinical applications of circadian rhythms, with a focus on sleep.
The book covers a variety of important research in the field, including:
• The power of computational biology to uncover new nodes in the network of circadian rhythms
• Circadian rhythms as they relates to obesity
• How late-night shift conditions impair the body’s ability to keep time and promote metabolic diseases and how this can be mitigated by strategic planning of feeding times
• The relationship between the suprachiasmatic nuclei and orexin neurons, demonstrating the elegant interplay between our biological clocks and wakefulness
• How sleep disorders can result from irregular circadian rhythms and potential ways to diagnose this in individuals
• How sleeping behaviors can disturb the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the repercussions of this disruption on female reproduction
• How disruption of sleep can be clinically beneficial for depressed patients
• How mental state is influenced by circadian rhythm
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Watch Inside all of Us
Regulation of Prokineticin 2 Expression by Light and the Circadian Clock, Michelle Y. Cheng, Eric L. Bittman, Samer Hattar, and Qun-Yong Zhou
Circadian Signatures in Rat Liver: From Gene Expression to Pathways, Meric A. Ovacik, Siddharth Sukumaran, Richard R. Almon, Debra C. DuBois, William J. Jusko, and Ioannis P. Androulakis
Body Weight, Metabolism, and Clock Genes, Melissa M. Zanquetta, Maria Lúcia Corrêa-Giannella, Maria Beatriz Monteiro, and Sandra M.F. Villares
Metabolism at Night versus the Morning
Circadian Desynchrony Promotes Metabolic Disruption in a Mouse Model of Shiftwork, Johanna L. Barclay, Jana Husse, Brid Bode, Nadine Naujokat, Judit Meyer-Kovac, Sebastian M. Schmid, Hendrik Lehnert, and Henrik Oster
Circadian Rhythms and Obesity in Mammals, Oren Froy
Food and the Circadian Activity of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis, A. M. O. Leal and A. C. Moreira
Circadian and Dark-Pulse Activation of Orexin/Hypocretin Neurons, Oliver J. Marston, Rhîannan H. Williams, Maria M. Canal, Rayna E. Samuels, Neil Upton, and Hugh D. Piggins
Meal Time Shift Disturbs Circadian Rhythmicity Along with Metabolic and Behavioral Alterations in Mice, Ji-Ae Yoon, Dong-Hee Han, Jong-Yun Noh, Mi-Hee Kim, Gi Hoon Son, Kyungjin Kim, Chang-Ju Kim, Youngmi Kim Pak, and Sehyung Cho
A Metabolic–Transcriptional Network Links Sleep and Cellular Energetics in the Brain, Jonathan P. Wisor
Effects of Artificial Light and Sleep Disruption on Metabolism
Pathophysiology and Pathogenesis of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders, Akiko Hida, Shingo Kitamura, and Kazuo Mishima
Shift Work, Jet Lag, and Female Reproduction, Megan M. Mahoney
A New Approach to Understanding the Impact of Circadian Disruption on Human Health, Mark S. Rea, Andrew Bierman, Mariana G. Figueiro, and John D. Bullough
Waking and Sleeping in the Rat Made Obese Through a High-Fat Hypercaloric Diet, Marco Luppi, Matteo Cerri, Davide Martelli, Domenico Tupone, Flavia Del Vecchio, Alessia Di Cristoforo, Emanuele Perez, Giovanni Zamboni, and Roberto Amici
Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Brain Metabolism of Depressed Patients, Joseph C. Wu, J. Christian Gillin, Monte S. Buchsbaum, Tamara Hershey, J. Chad Johnson, and William E. Bunney, Jr.
William Olds has an undergraduate degree from University of Michigan and is working on his graduate degree at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, in the laboratory of Tian Xu. His current research focuses on satiety signals from the gut and how that communication to the brain breaks down in the pathogenesis of obesity.
"This is a compilation of recent research in the field of circadian rhythms, sleep, and metabolism, exploring the connections between these concepts and how perturbations of these rhythms manifest in disorders of metabolism and sleep. ... The primary audience is researchers and scientists with an interest in the interrelationship between circadian neurobiology, metabolism, and sleep. ... This is a noteworthy contribution to the field that brings together current knowledge at the intersection of circadian rhythms, sleep, and metabolism."
—M. Isabel L. Crisostomo, MD, Rush University Medical Center, writing Doody's Book Reviews