1st Edition

Smart Buildings Digitalization IoT and Energy Efficient Smart Buildings Architecture and Applications

    413 Pages 201 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book discusses various artificial intelligence and machine learning applications concerning smart buildings. It includes how renewable energy sources are integrated into smart buildings using suitable power electronic devices. The deployment of advanced technologies with monitoring, protection, and energy management features is included, along with a case study on automation. Overall, the focus is on architecture and related applications, such as power distribution, microgrids, photovoltaic systems, and renewable energy aspects. The chapters define smart building concepts and their related benefits.


    • Discusses various aspects of the role of the Internet of things (IoT) and machine learning in smart buildings
    • Explains pertinent system architecture and focuses on power generation and distribution
    • Covers power-enabling technologies for smart cities
    • Includes photovoltaic system-integrated smart buildings

    This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and professionals in building systems engineering, architectural engineering, and electrical engineering.

    1. Building Smart Cities and Smarter Data Centers for the 21st-Century Global Citizen: A Brief Study

    Luke Gerard Christie and Ralph Thangaraj

    2. Big Data for SMART Sensor and Intelligent Electronic Devices – Building Application

    Mohammad Zand, Morteza Azimi Nasab, Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban, and Mohammad Khoobani

    3. IoT-Based Condition Monitoring and Automatic Control of Rotating Machines

    Rubia Ramesh Kumar, Saloni Sharma, Priyank Mehra, V. Berlin Hency, and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    4. Design of CNTFET-Based Ternary Processor for IoT Devices

    Vidhi Choudhary and Reena Monica P

    5. IoT-Based Smart Buildings

    Swetha KK, Karthik G, V. Berlin Hency, and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    6. Benefits of Smart Buildings

    Prasanna Venkatesh S, R. Ramesh, and C.T. Chidambaram

    7. An Approach to Realize Luxury Transit Residential Tower Aided with State-of-the-Art Automation Technologies

    O.V. Gnana Swathika, K. Karthikeyan, Vaishnavi Chirravuri, and K.T.M.U. Hemapala

    8. ANN-Based Overcurrent Relay Using the Levenberg–Marquardt Algorithm for Smart Cities

    Aayush Sharma, O.V. Gnana Swathika, and V. Berlin Hency

    9. A Neural Network–Based Vector Control Scheme for Regenerative Converters to Use in Elevator Systems

    K.T.M.U. Hemapala, Suren Senadheera Wewalage, and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    10. Protection in Smart Building: Mini Review

    P. Tejaswi and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    11. A Review of Bio-Inspired Computational Intelligence Algorithms in Electricity Load Forecasting

    Siva Sankari Subbiah and Jayakumar Chinnappan

    12. Arduino-Based Fault Detection Schemes for DC Microgrids

    Faazila Fathima S and Premalatha L

    13. Characterizing Voltage-Dependent Loads and Frequency-Dependent Loads for Load Stability Analysis

    G Naveen Kumar

    14. Enabling Technologies for Smart Buildings: High Power Density Power Electronic Converters

    M Mahesh, K Vinoth Kumar, and M Prabhakar

    15. Benefits of Smart Meters in Institutional Building – A Case Study

    A.C. Vishnu Dharssini, S. Charles Raja, and T. Karthick

    16. Placement of Distributed Generation (DG) and Reconfiguration in Radial Distribution Systems – A Review in View of the Smart Building Concept

    S. Angalaeswari and K. Jamuna

    17. Photovoltaic System-Integrated Smart Buildings: Mini Review

    Aadyasha Patel and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    18. Design of a Hybrid Photovoltaic and Battery Energy Storage System Using HOMER Software

    J. Nishanthy, S. Charles Raja, and J. Jeslin Drusila Nesamalar

    19. AI Applications to Renewable Energy – An Analysis

    G Naveen Kumar and O.V. Gnana Swathika

    20. Development of UAV-Based Aerial Observation Platform to Monitor Medium-Voltage Networks in Urban Areas

    K.T.M.U. Hemapala, D.H. Ranasinghe, and O.V. Gnana Swathika


    Dr. O.V. Gnana Swathika (Member’11–Senior Member'20, IEEE) received B.E degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from Madras University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India, in 2000, MS in Electrical Engineering from Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA, in 2004, PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from VIT University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India, in 2017. She has also completed her post-doc at the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. Her current research interests include microgrid protection, power system optimization, embedded systems, photovoltaic systems.

    .Mr. K. Karthikeyan is an Electrical & Electronics engineering graduate with a Master’s in Personnel Management from the University of Madras. With his two decades of rich experience in electrical design, he has immensely contributed towards the Building services sector comprising airports, ITOS, tall statues, railway station/depots, Hospital, Educational institutional buildings, Residential, Hotel, Steel plants, Automobile plants in India and abroad (Sri Lanka, Dubai & UK). Currently working as Chief Engineering Manager – Electrical designs for Larsen & Toubro construction, commonly known as L&T, is an Indian multinational EPC contracting company. Also, he has worked in other major companies like Voltas, ABB, Apex Knowledge technology private limited. His primary role involved to prepare/review complete electrical system designs up to 110KV voltage levels. Detailed engineering stage covering by various electrical design calculations, design basis reports, suitable for construction drawings, and MEP design coordination. He is the point of contact for both client and internal project team, lead and manage a team of design and divisional personnel, day-to-day interaction with clients, peer review, managing project deadlines, Project time estimation, assisting in staff appraisals, training, and recruiting.

    Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban (Member’12–Senior Member'15, IEEE) received the bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from the University of Madras, Chennai, India, in 2002, the master's degree (Hons.) in electrical engineering from Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India, in 2006, and the PhD degree in electrical engineering from the University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy, in 2012. He was an Associate Professor with VIT University from 2012 to 2013. In 2013, he joined the National Institute of Technology, India, as a Faculty Member. In 2014, he was invited as a Visiting Researcher at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar, funded by the Qatar National Research Foundation (Government of Qatar). He continued his research activities with the Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland, in 2014. Further, he served as an Associate Professor with the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa, from 2016 to 2018. From 2018 to 2021, he has been a Faculty Member with the Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Esbjerg, Denmark. He is currently working with Aarhus University, Herning, Denmark. He has authored over 300 scientific papers.

    S. Padmanaban was the recipient of the Best Paper cum Most Excellence Research Paper Award from IET-SEISCON'13, IET-CEAT'16, IEEE-EECSI'19, IEEE-CENCON'19 and five best paper awards from ETAEERE'16 sponsored Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Springer book. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers, India, the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, India, and the Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK. He is an Editor/Associate Editor/Editorial Board for refereed journals, in particular the IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL, IEEE Transaction on Industry Applications, IEEE ACCESS, IET Power Electronics, IET Electronics Letters, and Wiley-International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, Subject Editorial Board Member—Energy SourcesEnergies Journal, MDPI, and the Subject Editor for the IET Renewable Power Generation, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, and FACTS journal (Canada).