Smart Cities and the Poor Towards an Agenda for Inclusive Urbanization in India
Developing countries worldwide have been embarking on ‘smart cities’ programmes using new technology solutions to improve public services. Faced with severe problems of digital divide, poverty, unemployment, inequality, and financial and social exclusion, these cities have to negotiate hard in order to reach their goals. This book examines urban governance, digital divide, poverty, unemployment, and financial and social exclusion and presents a theoretical perspective on inclusive cities, urbanization, migration, slums,and affordable housing.
The book aims at formulating and implementing an agenda for inclusive, equitable, and sustainable urban development in tune with the UN-SDGs, the New Urban Agenda of Habitat III, and India’s new national urban missions. It probes into the scope of adopting inclusionary urban planning, zoning, and housing, financing inclusive city development, and poverty alleviation through municipal finance reforms using findings and lessons from detailed field studies of Indian cities. It also suggests an agenda for slum-free and poverty-free cities in an attempt to make these cities more people-focused, humane, and inclusionary.
This book will be of interest to scholars and researchers of political science, policy studies, public administration, urban studies, urban planning and management, urban sociology, and geography, besides being of interest to policy researchers, community workers, grass roots researchers, policymakers, and sociologists.
List of Figures viii
List of Boxes ix
List of Tables x
List of Abbreviations xv
1 India’s Urban Missions: Addressing the Challenges of Inclusive Urbanization 1
2 Economic Perspective on Inclusive Urbanization: Cities, Rural–Urban Migration, Slums, and Urban Poverty 42
3 Challenges of Affordable Housing: Reform Strategy to Make Urban Planning Inclusive 71
4 Financing Urban Poverty Alleviation through Inclusive City Reforms 109
5 Urban Participatory Governance: Including the Urban Poor in Public Service Delivery 135
6 Policy Issues in Inclusive Urbanization: An Empirical Study of Select Cities in Telangana State 166
7 An Agenda for Slum-Free and Poverty-Free Cities in India 207