Protected areas and conservation policies ore usually established with only local nature and wildlife in mind. Yet they con have far reaching consequences for local populations, often undermining their access to resources and their livelihoods. This book is the first comprehensive discussion of the social consequences of protected area schemes and conservation policies. Drawing on case studies from North America, Europe, Asia, Central America and Africa, it critically reviews current trends in protected area management, and shows how local people have been affected in terms of their customary rights, livelihoods, wellbeing and social cohesion. The loss of secure livelihoods ultimately threatens conservation, as poverty and environmental degradation intensify in and around protected areas. The leading authorities who have contributed to this ground breaking volume argue for a thorough overhaul of conservation thinking and practice.
List of Contributors Acknowledgements and a Caveat to the Reader List of Figures List of Tables I. Social Change and Conservation: an Overview of Issues and Concepts Krishna B. Ghimire and Michel P. Pimbert II. Biodiversity and Human Welfare Piers Blaikie and Sally Jeanrenaud III. National Parks and Protected Area Management in Costa Rica and Germany: a Comparative Analysis Jens Briiggemann IV. Salvaging Nature: Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas Marcus Colchester V. Women, Forest Products and Protected Areas: a Case Study of Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, West Bengal, India Chandana Dey VI. Local Development and Parks in France Andrea Finger-Stich and Krishna B. Ghimire VII. Conservation and Social Development: an Assessment of Wolong and other Panda Reserves in China Krishna B. Ghirnire VIII. Ecotourism and Rural Reconstruction in South Africa: Reality or Rhetoric? Eddie Koch IX. Management of Wildlife, Tourism and Local Communities in Zimbabwe Chris Mayor X. Protected Areas, Conservationists and Aboriginal Interests in Canada James Morrison XI. Parks, People and Professionals: Putting 'Participation' into Protected Area Management Michel P. Pimbert and Jules N. Pretty List of Abbreviations and Acronyms Land and Weight Measurements; Currency Conversion