Social Enterprise in Asia: Theory, Models and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Social Enterprise in Asia

Theory, Models and Practice, 1st Edition

Edited by Eric Bidet, Jacques Defourny


374 pages

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pub: 2019-06-11
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In the absence of a widely accepted and common definition of social enterprise (SE), a large research project, the "International Comparative Social Enterprise Models" (ICSEM) Project, was carried out over a five-year period; it involved more than 200 researchers from 55 countries and relied on bottom-up approaches to capture the SE phenomenon. This strategy made it possible to take into account and give legitimacy to locally embedded approaches, thus resulting in an analysis encompassing a wide diversity of social enterprises, while simultaneously allowing for the identification of major SE models to delineate the field on common grounds at the international level.

These SE models reveal or confirm an overall trend towards new ways of sharing the responsibility for the common good in today’s economies and societies. We tend to consider as good news the fact that social enterprises actually stem from all parts of the economy. Indeed, societies are facing many complex challenges at all levels, from the local to the global level. The diversity and internal variety of SE models are a sign of a broadly shared willingness to develop appropriate—although sometimes embryonic—responses to these challenges, on the basis of innovative economic/business models driven by a social mission. In spite of their weaknesses, social enterprises may be seen as advocates for and vehicles of the general interest across the whole economy. Of course, the debate about privatisation, deregulation and globalised market competition—all factors that may hinder efforts in the search for the common good–has to be addressed as well.

The first of a series of four ICSEM books, Social Enterprise in Asia will serve as a key reference and resource for teachers, researchers, students, experts, policy makers, journalists and other categories of people who want to acquire a broad understanding of the phenomena of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship as they emerge and develop across the world.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Rising Interest for Social Enterprise in Asia

Eric Bidet and Jacques Defourny

Part I: National Overviews of Social Enterprise

1. Social Enterprise in Cambodia: Typology and Institutionalisation

Sothy Khieng and Isaac Lyne

2. Social Enterprise in China: Key Features and New Trends

Xiaomin Yu

3. Social Entrepreneurship in India: Models and Application

Anirudh Agrawal and Prajakta Khare

4. Social Enterprise in Indonesia: Emerging Models under Transition Government

Aluisius Hery Pratono, Pauline Pramudija and Ari Sutanti

5. Models of Social Enterprise in South Korea

Eric Bidet, Hyungsik Eum and Jieun Ryu

6. Taiwanese Social Enterprises: A Context Marked by Strong Interactions between the State and Civil Society

Yu-Yuan Kuan and Shu-Twu Wang

7. Social Enterprise Landscape in Thailand

Prapin Nuchpiam and Chanya Punyakumpol

Part II: Social Enterprise in Specific Fields

Social Enterprise and Rural Community Development

8. The Emergence of Community-Oriented Rural Social Enterprises in Japan

Matsuyo Makino and Ken’ichi Kitajima

9. Social Enterprise for Rural Community Development: Lessons from Two Case Studies in Taiwan and Indonesia

Aluisius Hery Pratono and Yu-Feng Wong

Social Enterprise and Health and Social Services Provision

10. Social Enterprise Models Providing Health and Social Services in Japan

Akira Kurimoto

11. Social-Service-Provision Social Enterprises in Korea

Deok Soon Hwang

Social Enterprise and Social Inclusion

12. Social Enterprise in the Philippines: Social Enterprises with the Poor as Primary Stakeholders

Marie Lisa Dacanay

13. Dependent Interdependence: Government/Non-Profit Relationship in Human Services in China

Yuanfeng Zhang and Huifeng Zhang

Part III: Comparative Analyses and Perspectives

14. Religious Influences on Social Enterprise in Asia: Observations in Cambodia, Malaysia and South Korea

Isaac Lyne, Jieun Ryu, Yong Yuan Teh and Tetsuya Morita

15. Social Enterprises and Agricultural Value Chains in South-East Asia

Marie Lisa Dacanay

16. Asian Social Enterprise Models in a Worldwide Perspective

Jacques Defourny, Marthe Nyssens and Olivier Brolis

Conclusion: Main Highlights about Social Enterprise in Asia

Eric Bidet and Jacques Defourny

About the Editors

Eric Bidet is an associate professor at the School of Law, Economics and Business Administration of Le Mans University (France), where he is the director of the Master in Social and Solidarity Economy. His research on social enterprise has been supported by the Korea Foundation, Field Research Programme.

Jacques Defourny isa professor of non-profit and cooperative economics and comparative economic systems at HEC Liege - Management School of the University of Liege, where he serves as the director of the Centre for Social Economy,which he founded in 1992.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Social Enterprise & Social Innovation

Over the last decades, in parallel to major changes towards privatization in the welfare regimes of advanced industrialized countries, social innovation, social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have gradually become "à la mode". They are interpreted in policy documents in market-economic terms, making social enterprises a valuable partner for policy makers looking for innovative ways of addressing social and societal problems, among which bringing the excluded back into society and increasing social cohesion. However, balancing active citizenship and empowerment, on the one hand, and market-based social service delivery and innovation in a sustainable manner, on the other, represents a daunting challenge.

In this context, social innovation is conceived as creative solutions to existing wicked social problems, at the level of both concrete outcome and process; and social enterprises are heralded as vehicles for such societal improvement. However, beyond the superficial approaches to social innovation, its relationship with social enterprises and social entrepreneurship remains to be better understood and systematized. Therefore, the series invites contributions that are committed to understanding the complexity of these transformations by engaging in new dialogues within and among all regions of the world, each with its specific historical, cultural, social and political contexts, as well as among disciplines, as these evolutions must be tackled in their multi-dimensional nature.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Entrepreneurship
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development