Social Enterprise in Latin America: Theory, Models and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Social Enterprise in Latin America

Theory, Models and Practice, 1st Edition

Edited by Luiz Inácio Gaiger, Marthe Nyssens, Fernanda Wanderley


314 pages

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Hardback: 9780367151195
pub: 2019-06-11
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In the absence of a widely accepted and common definition of social enterprise (SE), a large research project, the "International Comparative Social Enterprise Models" (ICSEM) Project, was carried out over a five-year period; it involved more than 200 researchers from 55 countries and relied on bottom-up approaches to capture the SE phenomenon. This strategy made it possible to take into account and give legitimacy to locally embedded approaches, thus resulting in an analysis encompassing a wide diversity of social enterprises, while simultaneously allowing for the identification of major SE models to delineate the field on common grounds at the international level.

These SE models reveal or confirm an overall trend towards new ways of sharing the responsibility for the common good in today’s economies and societies. We tend to consider as good news the fact that social enterprises actually stem from all parts of the economy. Indeed, societies are facing many complex challenges at all levels, from the local to the global level. The diversity and internal variety of SE models are a sign of a broadly shared willingness to develop appropriate although sometimes embryonic—responses to these challenges, on the basis of innovative economic/business models driven by a social mission. In spite of their weaknesses, social enterprises may be seen as advocates for and vehicles of the general interest across the whole economy. Of course, the debate about privatisation, deregulation and globalised market competition—all factors that may hinder efforts in the search for the common good–has to be addressed as well.

The second of a series of four ICSEM books, Social Enterprise in Latin America will serve as a key reference and resource for teachers, researchers, students, experts, policy makers, journalists and other categories of people who want to acquire a broad understanding of the phenomena of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship as they emerge and develop across the world.

Table of Contents

Part 1: SE Landscapes and Their Ecosystems

1. Social and Solidarity Economy Organisations in Argentina: Diversity, Models and Perspectives

Gonzalo Vázquez

2. Bolivian Cooperative and Community Enterprises: Economic and Political Dimensions

Fernanda Wanderley

3. Social Enterprise in Brazil

Adriane Ferrarini, Luiz Inácio Gaiger, Marília Veronese and Paulo Cruz Filho

4. Social and Solidarity Economy Organisations in Chile: Concepts, Historical Trajectories, Trends, and Characteristics

Michela Giovannini, Pablo Nachar, Sebastián Gatica and Nicolás Gómez

5. Social Enterprise in Ecuador: Institutionalisation and Types of Popular and Solidarity Organisations in the Light of Political Embeddedness

María José Ruiz Rivera and Andreia Lemaître

6. Social Enterprise in Mexico

Carola Conde Bonfil and Leïla Oulhaj

7. The Encounter of Andean Solidarity and the Purpose-driven Business: Defining and Modeling Social Enterprises in Peru

María Angela Priallé and Susy Caballero

Part 2: Transversal Analysis

8. The Political Dimension of Social Enterprises

Jean-Louis Laville

9. Does Latin America have Specific SE Models? Some Empirical Evidence

Jacques Defourny, Marthe Nyssens and Olivier Brolis

10. SE in South America: Challenges and Perspectives

Luiz Inácio Gaiger and Fernanda Wanderley

Conclusion byMarthe Nyssens, Luis Inacio Gaiger and Fernanda Wanderley

About the Editors

Luiz Inácio Gaiger is a full professor at Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (Unisinos, Brazil). He holds a Master of Science and a PhD in Sociology from the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium).

Marthe Nyssens is a full professor at the School of Economics of the Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain, Belgium) and a member of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Work, State and Society (CIRTES, UCLouvain).

Fernanda Wanderley obtained her PhD in Sociology from Columbia University in the City of New York (US). She is the director of the Institute of Socio-Economic Research (IISEC) of the Bolivian Catholic University "San Pablo".

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Social Enterprise & Social Innovation

Over the last decades, in parallel to major changes towards privatization in the welfare regimes of advanced industrialized countries, social innovation, social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have gradually become "à la mode". They are interpreted in policy documents in market-economic terms, making social enterprises a valuable partner for policy makers looking for innovative ways of addressing social and societal problems, among which bringing the excluded back into society and increasing social cohesion. However, balancing active citizenship and empowerment, on the one hand, and market-based social service delivery and innovation in a sustainable manner, on the other, represents a daunting challenge.

In this context, social innovation is conceived as creative solutions to existing wicked social problems, at the level of both concrete outcome and process; and social enterprises are heralded as vehicles for such societal improvement. However, beyond the superficial approaches to social innovation, its relationship with social enterprises and social entrepreneurship remains to be better understood and systematized. Therefore, the series invites contributions that are committed to understanding the complexity of these transformations by engaging in new dialogues within and among all regions of the world, each with its specific historical, cultural, social and political contexts, as well as among disciplines, as these evolutions must be tackled in their multi-dimensional nature.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Entrepreneurship
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development