The concept of social identity occupies a central position in contemporary social psychology. Social Identities: Motivational, Emotional, Cultural Influences reports recent developments in the analysis of motivational and affective aspects of social identity processes. The book also examines the cross-cultural generality of Social Identity Theory explanations of intergroup competitiveness, which have strongly influenced international research in this area. People’s social identities and self-evaluation are thought to be largely derived from group memberships; it is presumed that people are motivated to attain positivity in these identities by favouring the ingroup in intergroup comparisons. An increasing stream of research is being devoted to extending the applicability of social identity concepts to intergroup relations and related fields.
The editors present here a collection of contributions from leading figures in social psychology which explore the state of the art in social identity theory. The most prominent motivational theories of identification are reported. Central themes concern:
- motivations which lead individuals to join a group and identify with it
- the role emotions have in favouring (or hindering) intergroup relations
- the effect of emotions on intergroup behaviour
- how people react to social identity threats
Shedding new light on important social problems like prejudice, bigotry, and intense conflicts around the world, this unique volume will be indispensable to students and researchers of social psychology, sociology and cultural studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction. R. Brown and D. Capozza, Motivational, emotional and cultural influences in social identity processes. Part 1: Motivation, identification and intergroup relations. M. A. Hogg, Self-conceptual uncertainty and the lure of belonging. D. Capozza, R. Brown, S. Aharpour and R. Falvo, A comparison of motivational theories of identification. E. Castano, V. Yzerbyt, M. Paladino and A. Carnaghi, Extending the self in space and time: Social identification and existential concerns. J. Jetten, N. R. Branscombe and R. Spears, Living on the edge: Dynamics of intragroup and intergroup rejection experiences. A. Maass & M. Cadinu, Protecting a threatened identity through sexual harassment: A social identity interpretation. Part 2: Cultural and evolutionary aspects of ingroup identification. M. B. Brewer & L. R. Caporael, Social identity motives in evolutionary perspective. P. B. Smith & K. M. Long, Social identity theory in cross-cultural perspective. Part 3: Emotions in intergroup relations. E. R. Smith & D. M. Mackie, It’s about time: Intergroup emotions as time-dependent phenomena. P. Garcia-Prieto & K. R. Scherer, Connecting social identity theory and cognitive appraisal theory of emotions. S. Paolini, M. Hewstone, A. Voci, J. Harwood & E. Cairns, Intergroup contact and the promotion of intergroup harmony: The influence of intergroup emotions. K. M. Johnson, S. L. Gaertner, J. F. Dovidio, M. A. Houlette, B. M. Riek & E. W. Mania, Emotional antecedents and consequences of common ingroup identity. R. González & R. Brown, Intergroup contact and levels of categorization: Effects on intergroup emotions.
Rupert Brown received his PhD from the University of Bristol in 1979. Since then he has taught at the Universities of Kent and Sussex, where he has held Chairs in Social Psychology. His research interests include intergroup relations, prejudice and its reduction, and acculturation.
Dora Capozza has taught Social Psychology in different Italian Universities and different Faculties. Since 1981 she has been full professor of Social Psychology at the University of Padova. Her primary area of research is the study of social identity and intergroup relations.
'This book provides an impressive collection of contributions addressing some of the most exciting work that is being done in this area. By extending our insight into the role of motivation, culture, and emotions in social identity, it provides a unique resource for those interested in gaining in-depth knowledge of social identities.' - Naomi Ellemers, Professor of Social and Organizational Psychology, Leiden University
'This volume testifies that Social Identity Theory continues to raise fascinating questions, even if some answers appear controversial. The chapters, well organized, examine a myriad of intriguing problems. Moreover, statements and conclusions may contribute to heated debates in advanced seminars.' - Jacques-Philippe Leyens, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve.