Although national governments and international agencies have committed vast sums of money to development, many projects have not only failed to improve the lives of the poor but in some cases have created additional social and economic problems. Such failures can often be traced to an inadequate understanding of the socio-cultural reality of the people most directly affected and to a lack of their participation in project planning, implementation, and evaluation. In this collection of essays, scholars and practitioners from diverse disciplines examine many of the perplexing social issues of development planning from the perspective of social impact analysis. Drawing on national, regional, and local case studies, the authors demonstrate why sociocultural factors are seldom adequately understood and discuss how they can be effectively incorporated into the planning process.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction: Issues in Social Impact Analysis and Development -- Social Impact Assessment and Development Projects -- Social Analysis and the Dynamics of Advocacy in Development Assistance -- Who Learns What, When, How? Development Agencies and Project Monitoring -- Mexico: The Policy Context of Social Impact Analysis -- Social Impact Assessment and Agricultural Projects: A Case Study in Ndiemane, Senegal -- Issues of Scale and Context -- International Development Projects, Communities, and Social Impact: Some Critical Notes -- Social Impact, Economic Change, and Development—With Some Illustrations from Nepal -- The Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry in Retrospect -- Social Impacts of Development Strategies -- Poverty in Rural Costa Rica: A Conceptual Model -- Nutrition, Social Impact, and Development: A Mexican Case -- Expansion of Commercial Cattle Production and Its Effects on Stratification and Migration: A Costa Rican Case -- Issues of Power, Participation, and Advocacy -- Development and Women: Critical Issues -- The Social Impacts of Differential Access to New Health Programs in Northern Nigeria -- Policy and Praxis: Planning for Health Care in Nicaragua -- Social Impact, Socialism, and the Case of Mozambique
William Derman is professor of anthropology and African studies at Michigan State University. He has most recently been studying potential dam impacts and irrigation projects in the Gambia River Basin. His more general interests include rural transformation, peasantries, river basin development, and West Africa. Scott Whiteford is associate professor of anthropology at Michigan State University. He has done extensive research on political economy, agrarian change, and labor migration in Latin America. His most recent research has focused on the salinization of the Colorado River and the social, political, and ecological impact of that process on northern Mexico.