This volume brings together classic key concepts and innovative theoretical ideas in the psychology of judgment and decision-making in social contexts. The chapters of the first section address the basic psychological processes underlying judgment and decision-making. The guiding question is "What information comes to mind and how is it transformed?" The second section poses the question of how social judgments and decisions are to be evaluated. The chapters in this section present new quantitative models that help separate various forms of accuracy and bias. The third section shows how judgments and decisions are shaped by ecological constraints. These chapters show how many seemingly complex configurations of social information are tractable by relatively simple statistical heuristics. The fourth section explores the relevance of research on judgment and decision making for specific tasks of personal or social relevance. These chapters explore how individuals can efficiently select mates, form and maintain friendship alliances, judiciously integrate their attitudes with those of a group, and help shape policies that are rational and morally sound. The book is intended as an essential resource for senior undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers, and practitioners.
Table of Contents
Part 1. The Processes of Judgment and Decision Making. T. Gilovich, J. Cone, E. Rosenzweig, Where the Mind Goes: The Influence of Endogenous Priming on Thought and Behavior. P. Fischer, J.K. Köppl, D. Frey, S.E.G. Lea, The Cognitive Economy Model of Selective Exposure: Integrating Motivational and Cognitive Accounts of Confirmatory Information Search. B.K. Payne, J.L.B. Iannuzzi, Automatic and Controlled Decision Making: A Process Dissociation Perspective. J.I. Krueger, The (Ir)rationality Project in Social Psychology: A Review and Assessment. Part 2. Measurement Issues. H. Blanton, J. Jaccard, Irrational Numbers: Quantifying Accuracy and Error. L. Jussim, S.T. Stevens, E. Salib, The Extraordinary Strengths of Social Judgment: A Review Based on the Goodness of Judgment Index. J. Ullrich, A Multivariate Approach to Ambivalence Models: It’s More Than Meets the IV. Part 3. Ecological Rationality. U. Hoffrage, R. Hertwig, Simple Heuristics in a Complex Social World. J. Denrrell, G.L. Mens, Social Judgments from Adaptive Samples. K. Fiedler, J.I. Krueger, More Than an Artifact: Regression as a Theoretical Construct. Part 4. Applications. P.M. Todd, S.S. Place, R.I. Bowers, Simple Heuristics for Mate Choice Decisions. P. DeScioli, R. Kurzban, The Company You Keep: Friendship Decisions From a Functional Perspective. R.P. Larrick, J.B. Soll, A.E. Mannes, The Social Psychology of the Wisdom of Crowds. L.L. Shu, C.J. Tsay, M.H. Bazerman, Cognitive, Affective, and Special-Interest Barriers to Policy Making. J. Baron, Where Do Non-Utilitarian Moral Rules Come From?
"Social Judgment and Decision Making contains valuable accounts of ways in which the study of judgment and decision making in a social setting has progressed. Anyone who is interested in this area can find hypotheses that are worth testing further, useful ideas for research methodology, and important cautions concerning the interpretation of data." - Gordon Pitz, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, USA, in PsycCRITIQUES
"Social Judgment and Decision Making compares favorably with other books reviewing decision-making research (e.g., Ken Manktelow's Thinking and Reasoning, CH, Oct'12, 50-1163; Social Decision Making, ed. by Roderick Kramer, Ann Tenbrunsel, and Max Bazerman, 2010), but with a special focus on the interaction of social context and decision making. The 15 essays address issues of social judgment, rationality, and cognitive and social process influences. Of particular note are chapters covering measurement and research issues. Summing Up: Recommended " - M. Bonner, Hawai'i Pacific University, CHOICE