First published in 1997, this volume examines why, while mature welfare states are being trimmed and privatised, new social welfare arrangement are implemented in formerly communist and newly industrialised countries. The papers in this volume bring together these different worlds, but also different academic approaches.
Micro-economic analyses of social insurance and welfare systems are joined with broader political descriptions of social policy in such disparate regions as Scandinavia, China, Italy, Poland and South Africa. They give the reader a sense of the fundamental problem of finding a social welfare system that fits specific economic and cultural conditions.
This volume is the second in a series on international studies of issues in social security. The series is initiated by the Foundation for International Studies on Social Security (FISS). One of its aims is to confront different academic approaches with each other, and with public policy perspectives. Another is to give analytic reports of cross-nationally different approaches to the design and reform of welfare state programs. The present and next volume form a twin set in the sense that they both are based on selections from papers presented at seminars held by FISS in 1994-1996.
Table of Contents
Section 1. Social Policy (General). 1.1. The Nordic Welfare Model and the European Union. Rune Ervik and Stein Kuhnle. 1.2. Convergence and Divergence in the Evolution of the Welfare State. Einar Overbye. 1.3. Private Provision of Social Security. Leo J. M. Aarts. 1.4. The Case for Equivalent Taxation of Social Security Benefits in the European Union. Henk Vording. Section 2. (Early) Retirement. 2. .1. he Role of Bridge Jobs in the Retirement Patterns of Older Americans in the 1990s. Joseph F. Quinn. 2.2. Retirement and Economic Development: an International Analysis. Robert L. Clark, Elizabeth Anne York, Richard Anker. Section 3. Disability and Rehabilitation. 3.1. The Concept of Work Capacity. Tor Eriksen and Edward Palmer. 3.2. Controlling Admissions and Stays in Social Security Benefit Programs. Han Emanuel. 3.3. Rehabilitation and Incentives. Philip R. de Jong. 3.4. Economic Evaluation of Vocational Rehabilitation Programs. Alf Erling Risa. 3.5. The Efficacy of Public-Sector Vocational Rehabilitation: Measuring Earnings Effects in Experimental Research Design. David H. Dean and Robert C. Dolan. Section 4. Unemployment Insurance. 4.1. An Analytic Framework for Unemployment Insurance and Labor Supply. Jun-Young Kim. Section 5. Welfare. 5.1. Social Assistance in Comparative Perspective. Jonathan Bradshaw. 5.2. Lone Mothers, Policy and Employment in 20 Countries. Jonathan Bradshaw and Ulla Bjornberg. 5.3. Single Parent Families and Social Security – the Case of Sweden. Björn Gustafsson, Ali Tasiran, and Håkan Nyman. 5.4. Is Old-Fashioned Private Assistance an Alternative to Modern Social Security? Frans van Dijk. Section 6. Social Welfare Systems in Transition. 6.1. Social Security in Poland in the Period of Transformation to a Market Economy. Miroslaw Ksiezopolski. 6.2. Social Security Reform in the Czech Republic. 6.3. Social Security for Disabled People in South Africa: Challenges Facing the New Society. Frances Lund. 6.4. China’s Social Security in the Context of the National Distribution System. Fung Ho Lup and Raymond Ngan. 6.5. Integrability of Social Welfare Systems for a Unified Korea. Jun-Young Kim.
’...a truly international volume with contributions from many different countries...’ Journal of Social Policy