Social protection is an increasingly important part of the social policy dialogue in Africa, and yet because of its relatively new place in a rapidly evolving agenda, evidence on critical design choices such as targeting, and on impacts of social protection interventions, is mostly limited to case studies or small, unrepresentative surveys. This impressive collection makes a major contribution to building the evidence base, drawing on rigorous analysis of social protection programmes in several African countries, as well as original research and thinking on key topical issues in the social protection discourse.
Social Protection for Africa’s Children is divided into four parts. The first presents economic and human-rights based right arguments for social protection as an integral part of the social policy menu in Africa. This is followed by a part on targeting, which highlights some of the key policy trade-offs faced when deciding between alternative target groups. The third part presents rigorous quantitative evidence on the impact of social cash transfers on children from programmes in South Africa, Malawi and Ethiopia and the final part addresses a set of issues related to social justice and human rights.
This book significantly advances existing knowledge about social protection for children in Africa, both conceptually and empirically. It makes a strong case for social protection interventions that address the short term (amelioration) and long term (structural) needs of children, and shows that programming in this sector for children is both feasible and achievable. Policy makers and practitioners in this sector will have, in this book, the theoretical and empirical evidence necessary to advance social protection for Africa’s children in the decades to come. Furthermore, this book should be an essential resource to postgraduates and students focussing on development economics in Africa.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Context 1. Social Protection for Africa’s Children Sudhanshu Handa, Stephen Devereux, and Douglas Webb 2. The Case for Social Protection for Children Lorraine Blank, Stephen Devereux and Sudhanshu Handa Part 2: Targeting 3. Reaching Orphans and Vulnerable Children through Cash Transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa Simulation results from alternative targeting schemes Scott R. Stewart and Sudhanshu Handa 4. Targeting of Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program for Orphan and Vulnerable Children Sudhanshu Handa, Carlos Alviar, Daniel Musembi and Samuel Ochieng Part 3: Impacts 5. The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net program on Schooling and Child Labor John Hoddinott, Daniel O. Gilligan and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse 6. Impacts on Children of Cash Transfers in Malawi Candace Miller, Maxton Tsoka and Kathryn Reichert 7. Impacts of South Africa’s Child Support Grant Michael Samson, Carolyn Heinrich, Sheshangai Kaniki, Ferdinando Regalia, Kenneth Mac Quene, Tendie Muzondo, Ms. Ingrid van Niekerk and Martin Williams Part 4: Social Justice 8. Lessons Learned from the Campaign to Expand the Child Support Grant in South Africa Paula Proudlock 9. Children and AIDS as a Driver of Social Protection Douglas Webb 10. Child Vulnerability and the Community Coping Mechanisms Implications for social protection policy in Africa Erick Otieno Nyambedha 11. Transformative Social Protection for Africa’s Children Stephen Devereux and Rachel Sabates-Wheeler
Sudhanshu Handa is Associate Professor of Public Policy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He served as UNICEF Regional Social Policy Advisor for East and Southern Africa in 2007-08 while on leave from UNC.
Stephen Devereux is a researcher at the Institute of Development Studies and a Director of the Centre for Social Protection. He has worked extensively in Africa and his research interests include famine, food security and social protection.
Douglas Webb is a social scientist with 20 years of experience of HIV and social development issues in east and southern Africa. He has worked for Save the Children UK as HIV Adviser in London and is currently based in UNICEF in Ethiopia.
"Social protection has come to occupy centre stage in a wide range of development debates. This volume is the first to make a convincing call for a "child-sensitive approach". A series of case studies set in a coherent analytical framework take the reader through new research and stimulating insights from the African continent".
Finn Tarp, University of Copenhagen