Providing universal access to social protection and health systems for all members of society, including the poor and vulnerable, is increasingly considered crucial to international development debates. This is the first book to explore from an interdisciplinary and global perspective the reforms of social protection systems introduced in recent years by many governments of low and middle-income countries.
Although a growing body of literature has been concerned with the design and impact of social protection, less attention has been directed towards analyzing and explaining these reform processes themselves. Through case studies of African, Asian, and Latin American countries, this book examines the ‘global phenomenon’ of recent social protection reforms in low and middle-income areas, and how it differs across countries both in terms of scope and speed of institutional change. Exploring the major domestic and international factors affecting the political feasibility of social protection reform, the book outlines the successes and failures of recent reform initiatives.
This invaluable book combines contributions from both academics and practitioner experts to give students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of social security, economics, law and political science an in-depth understanding of political reform processes in developing countries.
Introduction Katja Bender, Markus Kaltenborn and Christian Pfleiderer Part 1: Social Protection Reforms: Objectives and Political Economy of Social Protection Reforms 1. Rescuing Social Protection from the Poverty Trap: New Programmes and Historical Lessons Sarah Cook 2. Social Protection for Poverty Reduction: Approaches, Effectiveness and Challenges Armando Barrientos 3. The Political Economy of Social Protection Reforms – What to Explain and How? Katja Bender 4. Social Cohesion: Does it matter for Growth and Development? Johannes Jütting and Annalisa Prizzon Part 2: The Legal Framework of Social Protection Reforms 5. The Human Rights-Based Approach to Social Protection Markus Kaltenborn 6. The Role of Law and Legal Institutions in the Reform of Social Protection Systems: Experiences from South Africa Ockert Dupper 7. The Role of the Law of Regional Organisations in Reforms of Social Protection Systems: Portability of Social Security Benefits in the East African Community Tulia Ackson 8. Reforms of Social Protection Systems in Latin America—The Legal Context Lorena Ossio Bustillos Part 3: Political Feasibility of Basic Social Protection 9. Attitudes towards Hard Work and Redistributive Preferences in Developing Countries Anil Duman 10. Populous, Precarious – Protected? The Paradox of Social Security for South Asian Agricultural Workers Karin Astrid Siegmann 11. Whom to Target – An Obvious Choice? Esther Schüring and Franziska Gassmann 12. How to target – Overview on current targeting methods in social protection Christian Pfleiderer Part 4: Social Protection Systems – Between Fragmentation and Integration 13. Building Social Protection and Labour Systems David A. Robalino, Laura Rawlings and Ian Walker 14. The Political Economy of Social Protection Reforms in Indonesia Bambang Widianto 15. Social Protection Reforms in Vietnam: Experiences and Challenges Nguyen Thi Lan Huong and Matthias Meissner 16. Social Protection: Political Reform and Policy Innovations in South Asia Gabriele Koehler 17. Caring for the Urban Middle Class: The Political Economy of Social Protection in Arab Countries Markus Loewe Part 5: Social Protection Reforms – International Contexts 18. Building National Social Protection Floors and Social Security Systems: The ILO's Two-Dimensional Social Security Strategy Christina Behrendt 19. Developing Countries’ Social Protection Measures in Reaction to the Global Economic and Financial Crisis Yanchun Zhang and Nina Thelen 20. Social Protection and the Four Horsemen of the Donor Apocalypse Nicholas Freeland