Social Vulnerability to Disasters
The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss.
This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts.
By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall.
Features and Highlights from the Second Edition:
- Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations
- Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available
- In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies
- Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches
- Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text
- Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability
- Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption
Table of Contents
Framing Social Vulnerability
Understanding Social Vulnerability: Maureen Fordham, William E. Lovekamp, Deborah S.K. Thomas, and Brenda D. Phillips
Theoretical Framing of Worldviews, Values, and Structural Dimensions of Disasters: Jean Scandlyn, Deborah S.K. Thomas, and John Brett
The Intrinsic Link of Vulnerability to Sustainable Development: John Brett and Kate Oviatt
Socially Vulnerable Groups & Building Capacity
Class: Brenda McCoy and Nicole Dash
Race and Ethnicity: Nicole Dash
Gender: Jennifer Tobin-Gurley and Elaine Enarson
Age: Lori Peek
Disability: Elizabeth A. Davis, Rebecca Hansen, Maria Kett, Jennifer Mincin, and John Twigg
Health: Deborah S.K. Thomas, Mary Shannon Newell, and Debra Kreisberg
Language and Literacy: Jenniffer M. Santos-Hernández and Betty Hearn Morrow
Households and Families: Tricia Wachtendorf, Mary M. Nelan, and Lynn Blinn-Pike
Violence: Brenda D. Phillips and Pam Jenkins
Religion, Faith, and Faith-Based Organizations: Brenda Phillips and Michael D. Thompson
Animals: Tamara Gull
The Nature of Human Communities: Pam Jenkins
Measuring and Conveying Social Vulnerability: Deborah S.K. Thomas, Iain Hyde, and Michelle A. Meyer
Social Change and Empowerment: William E. Lovekamp and Sudha Arlikatti
New Ideas for Practitioners: DeeDee Bennett, Brenda D. Phillips, Deborah S.K. Thomas, Eve Gruntfest, and Jeanette Sutton
We dedicate this book to our late colleague, friend, and mentor Mary Fran Myers, to all people who have suffered from natural, technological, and human-induced events, and to those who work tirelessly to reduce disaster risk. All royalties from the sale of this volume go to the Mary Fran Myers Scholarship, which recognizes individuals who have a "commitment to disaster research and practice and have the potential to make a lasting contribution to reducing disaster vulnerability."
Deborah S.K. Thomas, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Denver, where she also has a secondary appointment in the Department of Environmental & Occupational Health in the Colorado School of Public Health. She specializes in hazards and health geography and has over twenty years of experience working with geographic information systems (GIS) in disaster management and health applications, both in the U.S. and internationally. Her research and teaching interests focus on issues of vulnerability/resilience as they relate to both natural and human-induced hazards and health outcomes.
Brenda D. Phillips, Ph.D., is the Associate Dean and Full Professor of Sociology at Ohio University-Chillicothe. She is the author of Mennonite Disaster Service and an editor on Social Vulnerability to Disasters (CRC Press). In 2013, she was inducted into the International Network of Women in Emergency Management’s Hall of Fame. In 2012, she received the Blanchard Award for Excellence in Emergency Management Education. Professor Phillips has conducted research on disaster recovery since 1982, beginning as a student of E.L. Quarantelli at The Ohio State University’s Disaster Research Center. Her published research can be found in a variety of journals including the International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, Disaster Prevention, Disasters, Humanity and Society, the Journal of Emergency Management, Natural Hazards Review, and Environmental Hazards. She has been funded multiple times by the National Science Foundation to study disasters and vulnerable populations. Dr. Phillips has been invited to teach, consult or lecture in New Zealand, Australia, Germany, India, Costa Rica, Mexico, Canada, and the People’s Republic of China. She is a graduate of Bluffton University (Ohio) and The Ohio State University.
William E. Lovekamp, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at Eastern Illinois University. He specializes in gender and disaster vulnerability, college student disaster preparedness, and social change and empowerment. Most recently, he is utilizing geographic information systems for mapping disaster risks and cultural preservation in disaster risk areas. He is a member of the U.S. Gender and Disaster Resilience Alliance, the Natural Hazard Mitigation Association, the International Gender and Disaster Network, the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Disasters. He is co-organizer of the IRCD Researchers Meeting at the Annual Natural Hazards Workshop at the University of Colorado-Boulder and is an advisory council member and disaster response volunteer for the Coles & Clark Counties, Illinois Branch Office of the American Red Cross.
Alice Fothergill, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Vermont. Her areas of interest include family and childhood studies, disaster vulnerability, gender, inequality, service learning, and qualitative methods. Her book, Heads Above Water: Gender, Class, and Family in the Grand Forks Flood (SUNY Press 2004), examines women’s experiences in the 1997 flood in Grand Forks, North Dakota. She has conducted research on volunteerism in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City. Professor Fothergill is a member of the Social Science Research Council’s (SSRC) Research Network on Persons Displaced by Hurricane Katrina and is currently finishing her book, Children of Katrina (forthcoming, University of Texas Press), with co-author Professor Lori Peek.