This collection of essays highlights ethical issues in social work which are often overlooked as well as recurring clashes that influence how they play out, for example among different values and related moral judgements. A wide range of ethical issues are addressed such as the types of technologies incorporated into social work; issues raised by the common position of social workers as 'double agents' required to carry out state mandates while also honoring obligations to clients; and issues concerning the distribution of scarce resources. These topics are integrally related to other often neglected concerns such as harming in the name of helping; the ethics of claims making regarding what is true and what is not, and related concerns regarding empowerment and social justice. This collection, which includes essays from an array of professions and disciplines, is designed to bring these neglected topics to the attention of readers and to offer suggestions for addressing them in a manner that is faithful to obligations described in social work codes of ethics.
Contents: Introduction; Part I Ethical Obligations and Related Values: The reality principle: realism as an ethical obligation, Chris Beckett; What social workers should know about ethics: understanding and resolving practice dilemmas, Elaine P. Congress; A client-focused definition of social work practice, Eileen Gambrill; Moral foundations of social welfare and social work: a historical view, James Leiby; Responsibility and excuses, Banks McDowell; The evolution of social work ethics, Frederic G. Reamer. Part II Recurrent Clashes and Their Ethical Implications: Social work and social reform: an arena of struggle, Mimi Abramovitz; Mary Richmond and Jane Adams: from moral certainty to rational inquiry in social work practice, Donna L. Franklin; Putting Humpty together again: treatment of mental disorder and pursuit of justice as part of social work's mission, Jerome C. Wakefield. Part III Ethical Dilemmas of Being a Double Agent: The professional as double-agent, Israel Goldiamond; Organizational forms as moral practices: the case of welfare departments, Yeheskel Hasenfeld; Power in social work practice, Yeheskel Hasenfeld. Part IV Ethical Issues Regarding the Allocation of Scarce Resources: The artificial duties of contemporary professionals, Russell Hardin; Phantom welfare: public relief for corporate America, Daniel D. Huff and David A. Johnson. Part V Competence and Accountability as Ethical Issues: Program evaluation: arduous, impossible and political, Donald M. Baer; Trying to do more good than harm in policy and practice: the role of rigorous transparent, up-to-date evaluations, Iain Chalmers; Defining an acceptable treatment environment, Judith E. Favell and James F. McGimsey; Ethical dilemmas and the most effective therapies, Peter Sturmey. Part VI Ethical Obligations to Involve Clients as Informed Participants: A model consent form for psychiatric drug treatment, David Cohen and David Jacobs; Respecting autonomy: the struggle over rights and capacities, Jay Katz; Towards the 'tipping point': decision aids and informed patient choice, Annette M. O'Connor, John E. Wennberg, France Legare, Hilary A. Llewellyn-Thomas, Benjamin W. Moulton, Karen R. Sepucha; Andrea G. Sodano and Jaime S. King; What is a good treatment decision? The client's perspective, William O'Donohue, Jane E. Fisher, Joseph J. Plaud and William Link. Part VII The Ethics of Claims Making: Problematic phrases in the conclusions of published outcome studies: implications for evidence-based practice, Allen Rubin and Danielle Parrish; Fraudulent misrepresentation and eating disorder, Patricia E. O'Hagan; Science and ethics in conducting, analyzing, and reporting psychological research, Robert Rosenthal; 'Sanctified snake oil': ideology, junk science, and social work practice, Susan Kiss Sarnoff; Addendum 2: Some principles for a new professional ethics based on Xenophanes' theory of truth, Karl R. Popper. Part VIII Ethical Issues Regarding Professional Education and Schools of Social Work: Believing and doing: values in social work education, Helen Harris Perlman; The relationship between schools of social work, social research, and social policy, Richard M. Titmus; An innovative approach to educating medical students about pharmaceutical promotion, Michael S. Wilkes and Jerome R. Hoffman. Part IX The Obligation to Attend to Harming in the Name of Helping: Reification of psychiatric diagnoses as defamatory: implications for ethical clinical practice, Sonja Grover; Cures that harm: unanticipated outcomes of crime prevention programs, Joan McCord; Confidentiality in a preventive child welfare system, Eileen Munro; How to win friends and not influence clients: popular but problematic ideas that impair treatment decisions, William O'Donohue and Jeff Szymanski. Part X The Ethics of Technology: Screening for depression: preventive medicine or telemarketing?, David Cohen and Keith Hoeller; Viagra: medical technology constructing aging masculinity, Gregory Gross and Robert Blundo; Did I make the grade? Ethical issues in psychological screening of children for adoption placement, Sonja Grover; 'Problematics of government', (post)modernity and social work, Nigel Parton. Part XI Promising Directions for the Future: Ethical decisionmaking, Martin Leever, Gina DeCiani, Ellen Mulaney and Heather Hasslinger; The impact of the UK Human Rights Act 1998 on decision making in adult social care in England and Wales, Ann McDonald; Toward embracing clinical uncertainty. Lessons from social work, optometry and medicine, Marlee M. Spafford, Catherine F. Schryer, Sandra L. Campbell and Lorelei Lingard; Index.