1840 Pages
    by Routledge

    With just over a century of history, social work has come of age as a powerful global profession in possession of its own body of knowledge based on research, skills, competence, and an international value system with a code of ethics. Today, social work has developed from humble origins to become a vital guardian of human rights and a bulwark against the social injustices caused by global marketization.

    This new title in the Routledge series, Major Themes in Health and Social Welfare, meets the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this evolution—and the accompanying explosion in research output. Edited by a leading social work scholar, this Routledge Major Work brings together in four volumes the canonical and the best cutting-edge scholarship in the field.

    Volume 1 traces the development of social work from its parochial origins at the end of the nineteenth century in the UK and US, through to its formal recognition in legislation, and the huge growth in the profession after the Second World War. The first volume also contains material about the ‘export’ of social work to other countries, and how training and international professional bodies developed to monitor its activities.

    The next three volumes focus on particular client groups, bringing together key research on social work as it applies to specific consumers of social workers’ services. Each volumes offers international perspectives, together with client-focused research.

    Volume 2 explores social work with children and families and includes material dealing with family support; prevention of maltreatment; and abuse. It also brings together the key writings on looking after children in public care, with material on residential work, fostering, and adoption. Volume 2 also considers social work in schools, the divorce courts, and in children’s hospitals.

    Volume 3 examines social work with adults: those with mental-health problems; the elderly and people who are disabled. The material here focuses in particular on issues around ‘the demographic timebomb’, a particular challenge for scholars and practitioners of social work in many countries with ageing populations. There is also a particular focus on the social model of disability.

    Finally, Volume 4 brings together the best social work research on offending and considers issues such as the progression from juvenile delinquency to adult offending; what works in reducing criminal behaviour; probation and prison work; and rehabilitation. The research gathered here also explores the links between homelessness, mental health and offending.

    With comprehensive introductions to each volume, newly written by the editor, which place the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, Social Work is an essential work of reference and is destined to be valued by scholars, students and practitioners as a vital research resource.

    Volume I: The Development of Social Work


    Part 1: What is Social Work?

    1. International Federation of Social Workers, ‘Definition of Social Work’ (IFSW, 2000) (www.ifsw.org).

    2. International Federation of Social Workers, ‘Ethics in Social Work: Statement of Principles’ (IFSW, 2004) (www.ifsw.org).

    3. Linda Kreitzer, ‘Social Work Values and Ethics Issues of Universality’, Currents: New Scholarship in the Human Services (2006).

    4. Elisabeth Reichert, ‘Human Rights: An Examination of Universalism and Cultural Relativism’, Journal of Comparative Social Welfare, 22, 1, 2006, pp. 23–36.

    Part 2: History and Development of Social Work

    A. History

    5. Lynne M. Healey, ‘Milestones in the International History of Social Work around the World’, International Social Work: Professional Action in an Independent World (Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 290–3.

    6. Lynne M. Healey, ‘The History of the Development of Social Work’, International Social Work: Professional Action in an Independent World (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 19–44.

    7. Ilona Pešatová, Dana Švingalová, and Pavel Pešat, ‘Social Services Development in European Post-Communist Countries: A Reality of the Czech Republic’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    8. Rolv Lyngstad, ‘The Welfare State in the Wake of Globalization and Nationally Performed Policy: The Case of Norway’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    B. Social Work Education

    9. International Federation of Social Workers, ‘Global Qualifying Standards for Social Work Education and Training’ (IFSW, 2002) (www.ifsw.org).

    10. Malcolm Payne, ‘Education and Training’, The Origins of Social Work (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 227–41.

    11. Darja Zaviršek, ‘Gender, Welfare and Social Work Education under Communism in Slovenia’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    C. Theories and Practice

    12. Karen Healey, ‘Dominant Discourses in Health and Welfare: Biomedicine, Economics and Law’, Social Work Theories in Context: Creating Frameworks for Practice (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 17–46.

    13. Gerard Egan, ‘Overview of the Helping Model’, The Skilled Helper (Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1994), pp. 20–45.

    14. Nigel Parton, ‘Some Thoughts on the Relationship Between Theory and Practice in and for Social Work’, British Journal of Social Work, 2000, 30, pp. 449–63.

    15. Department for Community Development, ‘Contemporary Literature on Capacity Building and the Strengths Perspective’ (Department for Community Development, Western Australia, 2006) (www.community.wa.gov.au).

    16. Malcolm Payne, ‘Cognitive-Behavioural Theories’, Social Work Theories in Context: Creating Frameworks for Practice (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 119–41.

    17. Albert Bandura, ‘Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective’, Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 1999, 2, pp. 21–41.

    18. Susan S. Lang, ‘Urie Bronfenbrenner, Father of Head Start Program and Pre-eminent "Human Ecologist", Dies at Age 88’, Ecological Theory: The Socio-Cultural View of Development (Cornell University News Service, 2005).

    D. Looking to the Future

    19. Eda G. Goldstein, ‘What is Clinical Social Work? Looking Ahead to Move Ahead’, Clinical Social Work Journal, 1996, 26, 1, pp. 89–104.

    20. Karen Lyons, ‘The Place of Research in Social Work Education’, British Journal of Social Work, 2000, pp. 433–47.

    21. Ann Buchanan, ‘Evidence-Based Social Policy and Practice: A New Ideology or a Human Rights Imperative?’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    22. Eileen Gambrill, ‘The Future of Evidence-Based Social Work Practice’, in B. Thyer and M. Kazi, International Perspectives on Evidence Based Practice in Social Work (Venture Press, 2004), pp. 215–34.

    23. Hazel Kemshall et al., ‘Concepts of Risk in Relation to Organizational Structure and Functioning Within the Personal Social Services and Probation’, Social Policy and Administration, 31, 3, pp. 213–32.

    24. Greta Galloway, ‘Political Empathy: The Quest for Radical Practice in Conservative Times: The Plight of Indigenous Australians’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    25.Social Services Inspectorate/Audit Commission, ‘People Need People: Releasing the Potential of People Working in Social Services’ (London: SSI/Audit Commission, 2000), pp. 1–26.

    26. International Federation of Social Workers, ‘International Policy Statement on Globalisation and the Environment’ (IFSW, 2006) (www.ifsw.org).

    Volume II: Children and Families


    Part 3: Promoting the Wellbeing of the World’s Children

    27. United Nations, Convention on the Rights of the Child (New York, 1989) (www.unhchr.ch).

    28. Rex Stainton Rogers, ‘The Social Construction of Childhood’, in Wendy Stainton Rogers et al., Child Abuse and Neglect: Facing the Challenge (B. T. Batsford, 1992), pp. 23–9.

    29. Beatrice Blyth Whiting and Carolyn Pope Edwards, Children of Different Worlds: The Formation of Social Behavior (Harvard University Press, 1992), pp. 266–79.

    30. Avshalom Caspi, Glen H. Elder, Jr., and Ellen S. Herbener, ‘Childhood Personality and the Prediction of Life-Course Patterns’, in Lee Robins and Michael Rutter (eds.), Straight and Devious Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood (Cambridge Press, 1991), pp. 13–35.

    31. Edward F. Zigler and Nancy W. Hall, ‘Issues in Child Development and Social Policy’, Child Development and Social Policy (McGraw-Hill, 2000), pp. 1–21.

    32. Ann Buchanan, ‘Present Issues and Concerns’, in Ann Buchanan and Barbara L. Hudson (eds.), Promoting Children’s Emotional Well-Being: Messages from Research (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 1–27.

    Part 4: Child Welfare-Supporting Families

    33. Katherine van Wormer, ‘Exploring Child Welfare Through International Innovations’, in M. C. Hokenstad and James Midgley (eds.), Lessons from Abroad: Adapting International Social Welfare Innovations (NASW Press, 2004), pp. 31–51.

    34. Jenny Gray, ‘The Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families’, Child Psychology and Psychiatry Review, 2001, 6, pp. 4–10.

    35. Deborah Ghate and Neal Hazel, ‘Patterns of Need and Support in Parental in Poor Environments’ (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2002), pp. 233–42.

    36. Karen McCurdy and Deborah Daro, ‘Parent Involvement in Family Support Programs: An Integrated Theory’, Family Relations, 2001, 50, 2, pp. 113–21.

    37. Ann Buchanan, ‘Family Support’, in D. McNeish, T. Newman, and H. Roberts (eds.), What Works for Children? (Open University Press, 2002), pp. 247–52.

    Part 5: Child Protection

    38. The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, World Perspectives on Child Abuse: An International Resource Book, 7th edn. (2006) (executive summary).

    39. World Health Organization, ‘The Nature and Consequences of Child Maltreatment’, WHO Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence (WHO Press, 2006), pp. 7–16.

    40. World Health Organization, ‘The Prevention of Child Maltreatment’, WHO Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence (WHO Press, 2006), pp. 32–49.

    41. World Health Organization, ‘Services for Affected Children and Families’, WHO Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence (WHO Press, 2006), pp. 50–64.

    42. Jill Korbin, ‘Culture and Child Maltreatment: Cultural Competence and Beyond’, Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002, 26, 607, pp. 637–44.

    43. Jacqueline Spring, ‘Cry Hard and Swim: The Story of an Incest Survivor’, in Wendy Stainton Rogers et al. (eds.), Child Abuse and Neglect: Facing the Challenge (B. T. Batsford, 1992), pp. 221–3.

    44. David P. H. Jones, ‘Assessment of Suspected Child Sexual Abuse’, in Mary Edna Helfer, Ruth S. Kempe, and Richard D. Krugman (eds.), The Battered Child (University of Chicago Press, 1997), pp. 296–312.

    45. Maureen M. Black and Howard Dubowitz, ‘Child Neglect’, in Howard Dubowitz (ed.), Neglected Children (Sage, 1999), pp. 261–77.

    Part 6: Children in State Care

    46. Anthony N. Maluccio, Edith Fein, and Kathleen A. Olmstead, ‘What is Permanency Planning’, Permanent Planning for Children: Concepts and Methods (Tavistock Publications, 1986), pp. 3–16.

    47. Matthew Colton and Margaret Williams ‘Background to Special Issue’ (on residential care), International Journal of Child and Family Welfare, 2002, 5, 3, 66–75.

    48. June Thorburn, ‘Improving the Life Chances of Children Who Need Out-of-Home Care: Some Lessons From a Cross-National Study for Social Work Teachers and Researchers’ (IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006).

    49. Jo Dixon Mike Stein, ‘Developing Throughcare and Aftercare Services’, in Leaving Care: Throughcare and Aftercare in Scotland (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2005), pp. 163–73.

    50. Vera Fahlberg, ‘Direct Work with Children’, A Child’s Journey Through Placement (Perspective Press, 1991), pp. 225–75.

    Volume III: Social Work with adultS: People who are mentally ill; people who are disabled; people who are elderly


    Part 7: People Who are Mentally Ill

    51. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, ‘Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care’ (United Nations, 1991) (www.unhchr.ch).

    52. Mental Health Association, ‘Fact Sheet: Mental Health Statistics’ (2007) (www.nmha.org).

    53. Philip S. I. Wang, ‘Adequacy of Treatment for Serious Mental Illness in the United States’, American Journal of Public Health, 2002, 92, 1, 92–8.

    54. Peter Huxley, ‘Mental Illness’, in Martin Davies (ed.), Companion to Social Work, 2nd edn. (Blackwell Publishing, 2002), pp. 64–71.

    55. Jim Read, ‘What We Want from Mental Health Services’, in Jim Read and Jill Reynolds (eds.), Speaking Our Minds: An Anthology (Macmillan Press, 1996), pp. 175–9.

    56. Thomas J. Scheff, ‘Labelling Mental Illness’, in Tom Heller et al. (eds.), Mental Health Matters (Palgrave Macmillan, 1996), pp. 64–9.

    57. Suman Fernando, ‘Mental Health and Mental Disorder Across Cultures’, Mental Health, Race and Culture (Palgrave, 2002), pp. 38–69.

    58. Phyllis Chesler, ‘Women and Madness: The Mental Asylum’, in Tom Heller et al. (eds.), Mental Health Matters (Palgrave Macmillan, 1996), pp. 46–53.

    59. Janice Wood Wetzel, ‘Mental Health Lessons from Abroad’, in M. C. Hokenstad and James Midgley (eds.), Lessons From Abroad: Adapting International Social Welfare Innovations (NASW Press, 2004), pp. 93–116.

    60. George W. Brown, ‘Life Events: Loss and Depressive Disorders’, in Tom Heller et al. (eds.), Mental Health Matters (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1996), pp. 36–45.

    61. National Institute of Mental Health, ‘In Harm’s Way: Suicide in America’ (NIMH, 2003) (www.nimh.nih.gov).

    62. Michelle M. Haby et al., ‘Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression, Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Meta-Regression of Factors that May Predict Outcome’, Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 1, 2006, pp. 9–19.

    63. Ruth E. Crowther et al., ‘Helping People with Severe Mental Illness to Obtain Work: A Systematic Review’, British Medical Journal, 2001, 322, pp. 204–8.

    64. Jeanette Henderson, ‘The Challenges of Care and Control: Experiences and Observations from an Approved Social Worker’, in Lesley-Ann Cull and Jeremy Roche (eds.), The Law and Social Work: Contemporary Issues for Practice (Palgrave, 2001), pp. 191–7.

    Part 8: People Who are Disabled

    65. Geoff Adams-Spink, ‘UN Agrees Disability Treaty Text: An International Treaty That Will Give Greater Rights and Freedoms to Disabled People Around the World Has Been Agreed at the United Nations’ (www.bbc.co.uk).

    66. Colin Barnes, ‘A Working Social Model? Disability, Work and Disability Politics in the 21st Century’, Critical Social Policy, 2000, 20, pp. 441–57.

    67. A. Llewellyn and K. Hogan, ‘The Use and Abuse of Models of Disability’, Disability and Society, 2000, 15, 1, pp. 157–65.

    68. New Jersey Department of Human Services, ‘Disability Programs’ (www.state.nj.us).

    69. Bengt Nirje, ‘The Normalisation Principle and its Human Management Implications’, The International Social Role Valorization Journal, 1994, 1, 2, pp. 19–23.

    70. Coleen A. Boyle, P. Decoufle, and M. Yeargin-Allsopp, ‘Prevalence and Impact of Developmental Disabilities in US Children’, Pediatrics, 1994, 93, 3, pp. 399–403.

    71. Paul W. Newacheck et al., ‘Disparities in the Prevalence of Disability Between Black and White Children’, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157, 2003, pp. 244–8.

    72. P. Sloper, ‘Models of Service Support for Parents of Disabled Children: What Do We Know? What Do We Need to Know?’, Child-Care, Health and Development, 1999, 25, 2, pp. 85–99.

    73. Jan Waterson, ‘Redefining Community Care Social Work: Needs or Risks Led?’, Health and Social Care in the Community, 1999, 7, 4, pp. 276–9.

    74. Carolyn Dewa and Elizabeth Lin, ‘Chronic Physical Illness, Psychiatric Disorder and Disability in the Workplace’, Social Science and Medicine, 2000, 51, pp. 41–50.

    Part 9: People who are Elderly

    75. CESRC Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, ‘The Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of Older Persons’ (UN, 1995).

    76. Jeanette C. Takamura, ‘The Future is Aging’, in Frederick L. Ahearn (ed.), Issues in Global Aging (The Haworth Press, 2001), pp. 3–16.

    77. Robert Palacios, ‘ The Future of Global Ageing’, International Journal of Epidemiological Research, 2002, 31, pp. 786–91.

    78. Carole Cox, ‘Who is Responsible for the Care of the Elderly? A Comparison of Policies in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Israel’, in Frederick L. Ahearn (ed.), Issues in Global Aging (The Haworth Press, 2001), pp. 33–45.

    79. Elizabeth M. Bertera and Barbara Bailey-Etta, ‘Physical Dysfunction and Social Participation Among Racial/Ethnic Groups of Older Americans: Implications for Social Work’, in Frederick L. Ahearn (ed.), Issues in Global Aging (The Haworth Press, 2001), pp. 97–115.

    80. Kristen Stalker, Jane Gilliard, and Murna G. Downs, ‘Eliciting User Perspectives on What Works’, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 1999, 14, pp. 120–34.

    81. James A. Guseilo, Angela L. Curl, and M. C. Hokenstad, ‘Policies and Programs in Aging: International Initiatives’, in M. C. Hokenstad and James Midgley (eds.), Lessons from Abroad: Adapting International Social Welfare Innovations (NASW Press, 2004), pp. 13–30.

    82. Charles A. Emlet and Merl C. Hokenstad, ‘Geriatric Home- and Community-Based Care Training Project for Transitional Societies from Central and Eastern Europe through Asia’, Gerontology & Geriatrics Education, 2001, 21, 4, pp. 55–64.

    83. Marsha Mailick Szeltzer et al., ‘Predictors and Outcomes of the End of Co-Resident Caregiving in Aging Families of Adults with Mental Retardation or Mental Illness, Family Relations, 1997, 46, 1, pp. 13–22.

    84. M. C. ‘Terry’ Hokenstad and Lennarth Johansson, ‘Sweden’s Long-Term Eldercare System: Current Trends and Future Directions’, Global Aging: Issues and Actions, 2004, 2, 2, pp. 47–58.

    85. Suzanne K. Steinmetz, ‘The Abused Elderly are Dependent: Abuse is Caused by the Perception of Stress Associated with Providing Care’, in Richard J. Gelles and Donileen R. Loseke (eds.), Current Controversies on Family Violence (Sage Publications, 1993), pp. 222–36.

    86. Edward A. McKinney, ‘Who Will Care for the Older Population in Kenya? Kenya’s Major Social Policy Challenge in the New Millennium’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    87. Kelly Silva O’Rourke, ‘Training Meals on Wheels Volunteers and Other Elder Services Staff to Identify and Assist Victims of Elder Domestic Abuse’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    Volume IV: Social Work with Offenders; Emerging issues in social work


    Part 10: Offending, Values, and Beliefs

    88. James McGuire and Philip Priestley, ‘Responding to Crime’, Skills and Stratagems for Going Straight (B. T. Batsford, 1993), pp. 13–21.

    89. James McGuire and Philip Priestley, ‘Values, Beliefs and Crime’, Skills and Stratagems for Going Straight (B. T. Batsford, 1993), pp. 37–54.

    Part 11: Juvenile Offending

    90. David P. Farrington, ‘Childhood Risk Factors and Risk-Focussed Prevention’, in M. Maguire, R. Morgan, and R. Reiners (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 4th edn. (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

    91. University of Colorado, ‘Blueprints for Violence Prevention’ (‘model programs, promising programs, and example of a MPP program outline’) (www.colorado.edu).

    92. Stephanie Basham, ‘Family Treatment with Juvenile Offending’, in Jacqueline Corcoran (ed.), Evidence-Based Social Work Practice with Families: A Lifespan Approach (Springer Publishing Company, 2000), pp. 295–332.

    93. Stephanie Basham, ‘Family Treatment with Adolescent Substance Abuse’, in Jacqueline Corcoran (ed.), Evidence-Based Social Work Practice with Families: A Lifespan Approach (Springer Publishing Company, 2000), pp. 337–61.

    Part 12: Adult Offending

    94. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures (‘the Tokyo Rules’) (1999) (www.unhchr.ch).

    95. US Courts, ‘Probation Officers’ (www.uscourts.gov).

    96. Fergus McNeill et al., ‘21st-Century Social Work: Reducing Re-offending: Key Practice Skills’ (Scottish Executive Publications), pp. 6–46.

    97. William R. Miller, ‘Motivational Interviewing: Research, Practice, and Puzzles’, Addictive Behaviors, 1996, 21, 6, pp. 835–42.

    98. Roy Walmsley, ‘World Prison Population List’ (7th edn.) (International Centre for Prison Studies, King’s College London, 2006) (www.kcl.ac.uk).

    99. Scottish Executive, ‘Social Services in Prison’, National Objectives for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System: Standards Throughcare (Scottish Executive Publications, 2004).

    100. Joyce A Arditti, Jennifer Lambert-Shute, and Karen Joest, ‘Saturday Morning at the Jail: Implication of Incarceration for Families and Children’, Family Relations, 2003, 52, 3, pp. 195–204.

    Part 13: Emerging Issues in Social Work

    101. David Cox and Manohar Pawar, ‘International Social Work with Specific Populations’, International Social Work: Issues, Strategies, and Programs (Sage Publications, 2006), pp. 325–53.

    102. David Cox and Manohar Pawar, ‘The Field of Displacement and Forced Migration: Programs and Strategies’, International Social Work: Issues, Strategies, and Programs (Sage Publications, 2006), pp. 291–323.

    103. Adele Weiner and Kim Lorber, ‘Challenges of Gender, Homelessness and HIV in New York City’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    104. Clare Davina Masson, ‘Human Trafficking Education: Community Based Programs’, IASSW Conference, Chile, 2006.

    105. Michael Shernoff, ‘Getting Started: Basic Skills for Effective Social Work with People with HIV and AIDS’, in David M. Aronstein and Bruce J. Thompson (eds.), HIV and Social Work: A Practitioner’s Guide (The Haworth Press, 1998).


    Ann Buchanan is currently Director of the Centre for Research into Parenting and Children as well as Reader (Associate Professor) at the University of Oxford. She is also a qualified social worker who spent more than thirty years in the field before entering academia. She has taught on professional social work training courses at the University of Southampton, Bracknell College (an FE establishment teaching residential workers), as well as at Oxford.

    Taught courses include issues relating to children and families, mental health, special needs/disability, offending behaviour as well as law as applied to social work.

    She has written and researched widely since her arrival at Oxford in 1994. She has been funded by all the major funders in the UK including the government on a range of topics related to the family as well as the European Community. She has also lectured and undertaken joint projects with scholars from the US, Australia, Russia (St Petersburg and Perm), Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Japan, China, Romania, and Portugal. She has, in addition, among other countries, presented papers in Chile, Brazil, the US, Spain, Israel, Hungary, Hong Kong, Turkey, Germany, Poland, Hungary.