This book re-examines the origins of modern Mongolian nationalism, discussing nation building as sponsored by the socialist Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party and the Soviet Union and emphasizing in particular the role of the arts and the humanities. It considers the politics and society of the early revolutionary period and assesses the ways in which ideas about nationhood were constructed in a response to Soviet socialism. It goes on to analyze the consequences of socialist cultural and social transformations on pastoral, Kazakh, and other identities and outlines the implications of socialist nation building on post-socialist Mongolian national identity. Overall, Socialist and Post-Socialist Mongolia highlights how Mongolia’s population of widely scattered seminomadic pastoralists posed challenges for socialist administrators attempting to create a homogenous mass nation of individual citizens who share a set of cultural beliefs, historical memories, collective symbols, and civic ideas; additionally, the book addresses the changes brought more recently by democratic governance.
Chapters 2 and 3 of this book are freely available as downloadable Open Access PDFs at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.
1. Introduction (Phillip P. Marzluf and Simon Wickhamsmith)
2. Khural Democracy: Post-Imperial Debates in Russia and China and the Making of the Mongolian Constitution, 1905–1924 (Ivan Sablin, Jargal Badagarov, and Irina Sodnomova)
3. D. Natsagdorj, Mongolian Travel Writing, and Ideas about National Identity (Phillip P. Marzluf)
4. Andre Simukov and Mongolian Nationalism (Morris Rossabi and Mary Rossabi)
5. Official Script Changes in Socialist Mongolia (Myagmar Saruul-Erdene)
6. D. Sengee and the Birth of Mongolian Socialist Realism (Simon Wickhamsmith)
7. Faces of the State: Film and State Propaganda in Socialist Mongolia (Zoljargal Enkh-Amgalan)
8. "Capitalist Art" and the Invention of Tradition in Twentieth-Century Mongolia (Uranchimeg Tsultemin)
9. "Running in My Blood": The Musical Legacy of State Socialism in Mongolia (Baatarnaran Tsetsentsolmon)
10. Shadows of a Heroic Singer: J. Dorjdagva (1904-1991) and the Mongolian Long-song Tradition (Sunmin Yoon)
11. Mongolia in Transition: 1986–1990 (Joe Lake and Michael A. Lake)
12. Language, Identity, and Relocalization: Social Media Users in Post-Socialist Mongolia (Sender Dovchin)
13. Boundaries and Peripheries: Shifting Frames of Identity, Territoriality, and Belonging among Kazakh Ethnic Minorities in Mongolia (Holly R. Barcus)
14. Milk and Human–Livestock Relations in Contemporary Mongolia (Ariell Ahearn)