© 2016 – Routledge
390 pages | 127 B/W Illus.
Growing inequalities in Europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of European cities. While the levels of socio-economic segregation in European cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across Europe. An overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in Europe.
This book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 European cities. Cities include Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Milan, Madrid, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna and Vilnius. Comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. Hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. Each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities.
The main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across Europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of European cities. This book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in European cities.
A PDF version of the introduction and conclusion are available Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.
"It will be extremely useful for scholars concerned about general patterns of social inequality as well as specialists studying sociospatial division, gentrification, or segregation (ethnic as well as socioeconomic). The book could also be used to help teach courses on urban sociology and geography, housing studies, or social policy."
Rory Coulter, University of Cambridge, Journal of Urban Affairs
'This well-organized book provides the reader with a feel for the uniqueness of each city and its segregation problem. I especially appreciated the fact that the contributors combined statistical measures of segregation and mapped location coefficients with information on the city’s history, as well as its welfare and housing policies.'
David Varady, University of Cincinnati, Geography Research Forum (GRF)
"…the book will be useful for researchers (academic and policy) who are interested in spatial segregation in any of the cities featured in the book. The book presents the problems of small area comparisons internationally and provides a worthy attempt of differences in spatial segregation in Europe."
Stephen Jivraj, University College London, London, UK, International Journal of Housing Policy
1. A multi-factor approach to understanding socio-economic segregation in European capital cities Tiit Tammaru, Sako Musterd, Maarten van Ham & Szymon Marcińczak 2. Occupational segregation in London: A multilevel framework for modelling segregation David Manley, Ron Johnston, Kelvyn Jones, & Dewi Owen 3. Changing welfare context and income segregation in Amsterdam and its metropolitan area Sako Musterd & Wouter P.C. van Gent 4. Socio-economic segregation in Vienna: A social-oriented approach to urban planning and housing Gerhard Hatz, Josef Kohlbacher & Ursula Reeger 5. Widening gaps: Segregation dynamics during two decades of economic and institutional change in Stockholm Roger Andersson & Anneli Kährik 6. Economic segregation in Oslo: Polarisation as a contingent outcome Terje Wessel 7. Socio-economic segregation in Athens at the beginning of the twenty-first century Thomas Maloutas 8. Socio-economic divisions of space in Milan in the post-Fordist era Petros Petsimeris & Stefania Rimoldi 9. Economic crisis, social change and segregation processes in Madrid Jesús Leal & Daniel Sorando 10. Urban restructuring and changing patterns of socio-economic segregation in Budapest Zoltán Kovács & Balázs Szabó 11. The velvet and mild: Socio-spatial differentiation in Prague after transition Martin Ouředníček, Lucie Pospíšilová, Petra Špačková, Zuzana Kopecká & Jakub Novák 12. Occupation and ethnicity: Patterns of residential segregation in Riga two decades after socialism Zaiga Krisjane, Maris Berzins & Kalju Kratovitš 13. Large social inequalities and low levels of socio-economic segregation in Vilnius Vytautas Valatka, Donatas Burneika & Rūta Ubarevičienė 14. The ‘market experiment’: Increasing socio-economic segregation in the inherited bi-ethnic context of Tallinn Tiit Tammaru, Anneli Kährik, Kadi Mägi, Jakub Novák & Kadri Leetmaa 15. Inequality and rising levels of socio-economic segregation: Lessons from a pan-European comparative study Szymon Marcińczak, Sako Musterd, Maarten van Ham & Tiit Tammaru
In today’s globalised, knowledge-driven and networked world, regions and cities have assumed heightened significance as the interconnected nodes of economic, social and cultural production, and as sites of new modes of economic governance and policy experimentation. This book series brings together incisive and critically engaged international and interdisciplinary research on this resurgence of regions and cities, and should be of interest to geographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists and cultural scholars, as well as to policy-makers involved in regional and urban development.
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