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Sociological Work
Method and Substance





ISBN 9780878556304
Published January 15, 1976 by Routledge
369 Pages

 
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Book Description

Howard S. Becker is a leading contemporary sociologist who interprets society as collective action and sociology, therefore, as the study of collective action. This volume explores the theory and methods necessary to study collective action and social interaction. Becker includes most of his work on theory and method that has not previously appeared in book form. It reflects his unique way of thinking about and studying society.

The first part of the book treats methodological problems as problems of social interaction and lists a series of research problems requiring analytic attention. The second part illustrates Becker's approach through full reports on two of his major research projects. Four theoretical statements on how people change comprise the third part, and the fourth part includes important contributions to the study of deviance. These essays illustrate the need to study deviance as part of the general study of society, not as an isolated specialty.

Sociological Work is an important statement of the distinctive theoretical and methodological views associated with the Chicago School of Sociology; it shows a deep concern with the first-hand study of processes and human consequences of collective action and interaction. This illuminating volume is an engaging introduction to some of the issues of importance to sociologists and those interested in the studies of collective action and deviance, and it is well adapted to use in courses in these areas.

Table of Contents

PREFACE

PART I PROBLEMS OF SOCIOLOGICAL METHOD

1 On Methodology

2 Problems of Inference and Proof in Participant Observation

3 Field Work Evidence

4 The Life History and the Scientific Mosaic

5 Social Observation and Social Case Studies

6 The Nature of a Profession

7 Problems in the Publication of Field Studies

8 Whose Side Are We On?

PART II EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND EXPERIENCES

9 Social-Class Variations in the Teacher-Pupil Relationship

10 The Teacher in the Authority System of the Public School

11 The Career of the Chicago Public School Teacher

12 The Elements of Identification with an Occupation (with James Carper)

13 The Development of Identification with an Occupation (with James Carper)

14 Adjustment of Conflicting Expectations in the Development of Identification with an Occupation (with James Carper)

15 Schools and Systems of Social Status

16 Noncollege Youth

PART III THE PROCESSES OF PERSONAL CHANGE

17 Careers, Personality and Adult Socialization (with Anselm L. Strauss)

18 Notes on the Concept of Commitment

19 Personal Change in Adult Life

20 The Self and Adult Socialization

PART IV DEVIANCE

21 History, Culture and Subjective Experience: An Exploration of the Social Bases of Drug-Induced Experiences

22 Conventional Crime: Rationalizations and Punishment

23 Deviance and Deviates

INDEX

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