Stressing the potential application of biochemical processes in soil to environmental biotechnology, this state-of-the-art reference considers the vital role that such biochemical processes have in the environment - emphasizing the activity of micro-organisms in soil.;An up-to-date analysis of biological reactions in soil, Volume 8 of Soil Biochemistry highlights: traditional as well as molecular and immunlogical techniques for detecting specific micro-organisms in soil; the fate of introduced genetically-modified organisms; the problem of competition by the indigenous microbial populations with the introduced organisms; the use of a white rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, for bioremediative purposes in soil; the interaction of xenobiotics, such as pesticides, with soil organisms; generic microbial metabolism and degradation pathways; the inhibition of the nitrification process by allelochemicals released by plants; the microbial mineralization of various compounds under anaerobic conditions, explaining its importance in the global carbon cycle; the formation of soil organic matter, particularly in forest soils; and CPMAS 13C-NMR spectroscopy, a major analytical technique to determine the chemicals or chemical groups involved in the humification process.;Presenting a multidisciplinary approach to the field by internationally acclaimed scientists, Soil Biochemistry, Volume 8 is intended for professionals and students in the fields of soil science; microbiology; biochemistry; environmental science, engineering and technology; biogeochemistry; biotechnology; agronomy; plant pathology; and microbial ecology.
Table of Contents
Detection, survival and activity of bacteria added to soil, Caroline S. Young and Richard G. Burns; white rot fungi and their potential use in soil bioremediation processes, John A. Bumpus; biodegradation and humification processes in forest soils, Ingrid Kogel-Knabner; pesticide interactions with cyanobacteria in soil and pure culture, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu; inhibition of nitrification in soil by allelochemicals derived from plants and plant residues, John M. Bremner and Gregory W. McCarty; bacterial mineralization of organic carbon under anaerobic conditions, Henry L. Ehrlich; immunological and molecular techniques for studying the dynamics of microbial population and communities in soil, Jonathan P. Carter and James M. Lynch; pesticide effects on enzyme activities in the soil ecosystem, Andreas Schaffer; microbial degradation of chlorinated biphenyls, Dennis D. Focht.
G. STOTZKY Department of Biology New York University New York; JEAN-MARC BOLLAG Department of Agronomy The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania