Soil Bioventing: Principles and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Soil Bioventing

Principles and Practice, 1st Edition

By Robert E. Hinchee, Andrea Leeson

CRC Press

272 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781566701266
pub: 1996-12-09
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Soil bioventing is one of the most popular modern techniques for removing contaminants from soil. It has recently emerged as one of the most cost-effective and efficient technologies available for vadose zone remediation of petroleum-contaminated sites. This book explains in practical terms how to carry out a bioventing program. It is an interdisciplinary treatment of the subject, covering everything from basic physical and chemical properties of soils to site evaluation, project design, and post-bioventing monitoring.

The wide breadth of coverage makes Soil Bioventing useful to a large audience, including consulting firms, students, contractors, environmental managers, and anyone who is responsible for supervision of soil cleanup for regulatory reasons.

Table of Contents


Development of Bioventing

Oxygen Supply to Contaminated Areas

Bioventing Research and Development

Structure of U.S. Air Force Bioventing Initiative Field Treatability Studies and Bioventing System Design

Principles of Bioventing

Physical Processes Affecting Bioventing

Microbial Processes Affecting Bioventing

Compounds Targeted for Removal

BTEX Versus TPH Removal in Petroleum-Contaminated Sites

Case Histories of Early Bioventing Studies

Site 914, Hill AFB, Utah

Tyndall AFB, Florida

Site 280, Hill AFB, Utah

Site 20, Eielson AFB, Alaska

Bioventing Implementation: Site Characterization Activities

Existing Data and Site History Review

Soil Gas Survey

In Situ Respiration Testing

Soil Gas Permeability and Radius of Influence

Soil Characterization

Bioventing Implementation: System Design

Determination of Air Flow System

Determining Required Air Flow Rates

Well Spacing

Blowers and Blower Sizing

Vent Well Construction

Monitoring Point Construction

Bioventing Implementation: Performance Monitoring

Soil Gas Monitoring

In Situ Respiration Testing

Quantification of Biodegradation and Volatilization of Hydrocarbons during Extractive Bioventing

Surface Emissions Sampling

Optional Monitoring: Qualitative Validation of Biodegradation through Stable Carbon Isotope Monitoring

Operation and Maintenance

Bioventing Implementation: Process Evaluation/Site Closure

In Situ Respiration Testing

Soil Sampling



Appendix A: Statistical Analyses of U.S. Air Force Bioventing Initiative Data

Appendix B: Equipment Specifications and Manufacturers

Appendix C: Example Procedures for Conducting Bioventing Treatability Studies

Appendix D: Off-Gas Treatment Options


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General